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Lillian Orlowsky Oral History Interview Conducted by Robert F. Brown for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1996

Lillian Orlowsky (b. 1914 d. 2004)

Painter, Provincetown, Massachusetts

Interviewer: Robert F. Brown

Interview of Lillian Orlowsky conducted by Robert F. Brown for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, at Orlowsky's home in Provincetown, Massachusetts, on August 5, 1996 and August 26, 1996. Orlowsky talks about her childhood in Manhattan, N.Y., including her interest in modern dance, attending art classes at the Educational Alliance in the Lower East Side where she met classmate Louise Nevelson (1932-33); her studies at the American Artists School with Raphael and Moses Soyer and Anton Refregier; creating watercolors with William Freed; her work in the mural and easel divisions of the WPA; Hans Hofmann's classes and her classmates, including Lee Krasner (1937); her return to Provincetown, Mass., in 1944, with husband William Freed; and Forum 49 in Provincetown. Orlowsky also recalls David Alfaro Siqueiros' method of painting.

Total: 3 digital recordings; 2:12:39; transcribed X pages.

Paul H. Nitze Oral History Interview Conducted by Liza Kirwin and Richard Wattenmaker for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1996

Paul H. Nitze (b. 1907 d. 2004)

Art Dealer, Washington, D.C.

Interviewer: Liza Kirwin and Richard Wattenmaker

 

Interview of Paul H. Nitze, conducted by Liza Kirwin and Richard Wattenmaker for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution at The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies of The John Hopkins University, in Washington, D.C., On April 30, 1996. Nitze recalls his acquaintance with Alexander Calder and Isamu Noguchi. He discusses meeting Calder in Berlin, Germany at the opening of a Calder exhibition in 1929; how Calder moved to Nitze's Berlin pension and they "became pals" that first day; their plans to bicycle to Russia with other friends; sharing an apartment with Calder in New York City; a performance of the Circus there and how "everybody loved him"; and Calder's courtship and marriage to Louisa James. Nitze talks about meeting Noguchi through Sydney Spivak and how Noguchi made a bronze head of Nitze as re-payment for his support; and Noguchi's "instinct for making things acceptable to the modern art world." He also discusses his early desire to be an art dealer and pursuing that career in Paris until he realized that "the whole profession was a bunch of crooks"; his own art collection and how, at age 15, he bought two paintings by Austrian Hans Grüss, and later acquired works by Degas, Van Gogh, and Monet.

Total: 1 digital recording; 0:44:33; transcribed 13 pages.

Marston Dean Hodgin Oral History Interview Conducted by Robert F. Brown for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1998

Marston Dean Hodgin (b. 1903 d. 2003)

Painter, North Truro, Massachusetts

Interviewer: Robert F. Brown

An interview of Marston Dean Hodgin conducted 1998 Aug. 25, by Robert Brown, for the Archives of American Art, in Hodgin's home, North Truro, Mass. The interview covers Hodgin's background and early career up to his trip to Europe in 1931. Hodgin discusses settling in Richmond, Ind., his father's hometown; effect of his father's Quaker beliefs; great effect on him of art exhibitions staged by the Richmond Art Association at the local high school; first formal art lessons with Randolph Coats; freshman year at Indiana University; remaining college years at Earlham College; to Provincetown summer 1924 to study at a school run (for two years) by Indiana painters Coats and James P. Hopkins; to Miami University of Ohio in 1927 as an artist-in-residence; establishing ca. 1928 the School of Fine Arts at Miami University; marriage to childhood sweetheart, Lucy Loufborrow in 1929; summer 1931 trip to Europe to familiarize himself with leading art museums; his comprehensive definition of art as encompassing the visual arts, music and dance; and comparisons between painting and poetry.

Total: 2 digital recordings; 1:00:38; transcribed 27 pages.

John Spencer Oral History Interview Conducted by Paul Karlstrom for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1994

John Spencer (b.

Painter, Pasadena, California

Interviewer: Paul J. Karlstrom

Interview with John Spencer, conducted by Paul J. Karlstrom for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, at Spencer's home in Pasadena, California on September 1, 1994. Spencer discusses his work assisting Dean Cornwell on the Los Angeles Central Library murals between 1927-1933; his subsequent relationship with Cornwell; and his experience as a young artist in Southern California in the 1930s.

Total: 3 digital recordings; 1:23:10; transcribed 40 pages.

Helen Marjorie Windust Halper Oral History Interview Conducted by Robert F. Brown for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1994

Helen Marjorie Windust Halper (b. 1908 d. 1996)

Painter, Provincetown, Massachusetts

Interviewer: Robert F. Brown

Interview with Helen Marjorie Windust Halper, conducted by Robert F. Brown for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, at Halper's home in Provincetown, Massachusetts on September 27, 1994. Halper talks about her mother and father; childhood summers spent on the northwestern French coast where she got to know Max Bohm and his family; being in France during World War I; and time spent living in England. She discusses going to New York, in 1920, with her brother, and attending the Veltin School for Girls and the Dalton School; going to Provincetown, in 1925, with her mother; and Charles Hawthorne and his teaching methods. She tells about studying color and abstraction with Vaclav Vytlacil at the Art Students League; drawing classes with Thomas Hart Benton; and extreme poverty of Edwin Dickinson and other Provincetown artists. She recounts meeting Nathan Halper in the 1930s and their marriage following World War II, his becoming an art dealer; and the success of his H.C. and H.C.E. Gallery during the 1950s and 1960s. Halper recalls several Provincetown artists, among them Frederick Waugh, Philip Malicoat, and Hans Hofmann.

Total: 2 digital recordings; 1:28:53; transcribed 28 pages.

Walter Feldman Oral History Interview Conducted by Robert F. Brown for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1998

Walter Feldman (b.1925 d. 2017)

Artist and Art Educator, Providence, Rhode Island

Interviewer: Robert F. Brown

Interview of Walter Feldman conducted by Robert Brown for the the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, in Feldman's home in Providence, R.I. on August 10, 1998. Feldman discusses attending classes as a youth, 1939-1942, at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; attending Yale's School of Fine Arts, 1942; service in combat infantry in the U.S. Army, Europe, 1943-1946; completing his BFA at Yale, 1946-1950 and MFA, 1951; working as an instructor in painting at Yale until his appointment at Brown University (1953; professor 1961) where he taught; exhibitions and commissions; working in painting, printmaking, mosaics, and in fine book making. He discusses working as the sole studio art teacher at Brown University until mid-1960s; hiring of additional artist-teachers and the subsequent split of the art department between studio art and art history; bringing book arts to Brown with his establishment of the Brown/Ziggurat Press, which he directed and which mostly publishes poetry; the many visiting artists at Brown; frequent commissions which kept him young in spirit; and working in widely divergent media: medals, mosaics, and a huge mural commission in 1976; discussion of leading examples of his handmade books, including James Schevill's poetry, "Lager Lieder" (1991), a book of concentration camp songs, and Michael Harper's "Family Sequences" (1998); broadsides he's designed, sculptural "reliqueries" to memorialize the Jewish Holocaust; the prospering of his artists books; and his success as a teacher.

Total: 2 digital recordings; 0:59:02; transcribed 29 pages.

Kent Ipsen Oral History Interview Conducted by Josephine Shea for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 2009

JOSEPHINE SHEA: Okay, I think we're ready to begin here.

I'm sitting in the studio of Kent Ipsen. And this is Josephine Shea interviewing Kent Forrest Ipsen, I believe it is, at the artist's studio in Richmond, Virginia on the 4th of July, 2009 for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. And this is disc number one.

The way that we usually begin is at the beginning, which is when and where were you born?

KENT IPSEN: Well, I was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

JOSEPHINE SHEA: Okay.

KENT IPSEN: Would you like to know what year?

Irving Petlin Oral History Interview Conducted by James McElhinney for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 2016

JAMES MCELHINNEY:  Good. This is James McElhinney speaking with Irving Petlin at his home in New York, on Tuesday, the 13th of September, 2016, at quarter of 3:00 in the afternoon. The cat's playing with a wire.

IRVING PETLIN:  The cat's playing with—

JAMES MCELHINNEY:  That's—it's—[laughs].

IRVING PETLIN:  Okay.

JAMES MCELHINNEY:  Yeah, the microphone wire.

IRVING PETLIN:  Okay.

Chuck Close Oral History Interview Conducted by Christopher Lyon for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 2017

CHRISTOPHER LYON: This is Christopher Lyon, interviewing Chuck Close at his home and studio in Long Beach, New York, on July 20, 2017. Thank you for agreeing to do this. As I mentioned, I have an itinerary of questions, but you should feel free to go on as you will. If something isn't interesting to you, we'll just move on to the next thing, and when you're tired and if you want to stop, that's totally fine.

Doug Aitken Oral History Interview Conducted by Hunter Drohojowska-Philp for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 2017

HUNTER DROHOJOWSKA-PHILP: This is Hunter Drohojowska-Philp, interviewing Doug Aitken at the artist's home at 25 Anchorage [Street], in Marina Del Rey, California, on the 21st of July, 2017, for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, card number one.

Good morning, Doug.

DOUG AITKEN: Good morning, Hunter.

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