The Fall 2021 issue of the Archives of American Art Journal (vol. 60, no. 2) asks: How might publishing histories of the visual arts in the US built upon primary sources effect change in a society defined and divided by race? New research in the issue offers ways into this question by addressing topics as disparate as an elite nineteenth-century circle of white male writers and painters, a collective of Black artists founded in the tumultuous year of 1968, and the feminist iconography of a Cuban American artist. The issue also offers a curatorial intervention that considers what researchers can do when they encounter seemingly indecipherable sources, as well as an insightful analysis of the enduring genre of the artist talk.