Emma B. Freeman photographs of Yurok and Hupa Indians [graphic],

Inclusive Dates: 
Survey Repository: 

This record forms part of the Chicago’s Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource project funded by the Terra Foundation for American Art. For this project, the Archives surveyed archival repositories throughout the Chicago region to identify art-related materials contained in their holdings. While the Archives of American Art does not own any of the materials described herein, information about those materials and links to the original repositories have been included when available.

Descriptive Summary

3.8 linear feet (3 boxes) of material consisting of posed images of Yurok and Hupa Indians taken in the studio and in outdoor settings in Eureka and Humboldt County, 1914–1918. Soft-focused and stylized, the portraits are not accurate representations of Indian dress or ways. There are also a few shots of older Indians taken at the Hoopa and Klamath reservations, and there is one portrait of Emma B. Freeman.

Biographical Historical Note

Eureka, California, photographer and artist Emma Belle Richart was born in Nebraska and married Edwin R. Freeman in Colorado in 1901. In 1904 the couple moved to San Francisco, where they opened an art shop and Emma took drawing and painting lessons. Following the 1906 earthquake the Freemans relocated to Eureka, California, and they established the Freeman Art Company. Divorced from her husband in 1915, Emma became the sole proprietor of the firm and practiced photography, specializing in artistic portraits and landscapes, including a series of images of local Yurok and Hupa Indians. She sold her Indian prints through the Freeman Art Company and also exhibited them at the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition.