Leon T. Walkowicz editorial cartoon collection

Inclusive Dates: 
circa 1935–1948
Survey Repository: 

This record forms part of the Chicago’s Art-Related Archival Materials: A Terra Foundation Resource project funded by the Terra Foundation for American Art. For this project, the Archives surveyed archival repositories throughout the Chicago region to identify art-related materials contained in their holdings. While the Archives of American Art does not own any of the materials described herein, information about those materials and links to the original repositories have been included when available.

Descriptive Summary

Leon T. Walkowicz Editorial Cartoon Collection consists of 9 original cartoon drawings by editorial cartoonists for Chicago newspapers (Battenfield, Parrish, Plaschke, Shoemaker, and Werner) relating to political events in Europe preceding and following World War II. Three cartoons have inscriptions from the artists to Mr. Walkowicz.

Biographical Historical Note

Leon T. Walkowicz was a reporter and city editor for the newspaper Polish Daily Zgodain Chicago and later president of the Polish-American Historical Society in Chicago.

Paul Battenfield was a cartoonist at the Chicago Times.

Carey Cassius Orr studied at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. He worked as a cartoonist at several newspapers before he began working at the Chicago Tribune in 1917, where he stayed for 46 years. He drew the Kernel Cootie comic strip.

Joseph L. Parrish was born and raised in Tennessee. Self-taught, he began his career as a cartoonist at Nashville newspapers. In 1936, he began working for the Chicago Tribune, becoming chief editorial cartoonist.

Paul Plaschke was a cartoonist of German origin, known for his contributions to the Evening Post, Louisville Times and Courier-Journal newspapers through the 1920s and to the Herald Examiner and the Chicago Tribune in the 1930s.

Vaughn Richard Shoemaker was an American editorial cartoonist. He won the 1938 and 1947 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning and created the character John Q. Public. Shoemaker started his career at the Chicago Daily News and spent 22 years there. He went on to work for the New York Herald Tribune, the Chicago American, and Chicago Today.

Charles Werner was born in Marshfield, Wisconsin. Self-taught as an artist, he worked as staff artist and photographer for Springfield, Missouri's Leader and Press from 1930 until 1935. Werner then worked for the Daily Oklahoman(1935-41), as Chief Editorial Cartoonist at the Chicago Sun(1941-1047) and at the Indianapolis Star (1947-1994).