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Ilse Martha Bischoff papers, 1893-1981

Ilse Martha Bischoff papers, 1893-1981

Bischoff, Ilse, 1901-1990

Illustrator

Collection Information

Size: 1.2 linear feet.

Summary: The papers of illustrator, writer and collector Ilse Martha Bischoff measure 1.2 linear feet and date from 1893-1981. Found are scattered personal and business records, correspondence, pencil and watercolor sketches, notes and writings, printed material and photographs.

Biographical/Historical Note

Ilse Martha Bischoff (1901-1990) was as illustrator, painter, and collector. Birthdate also cited as 1903. Born in New York City, Bischoff studied at the Horace Mann School, costume design at the Parson's School of Design, at the Art Students' League, and in Europe. Later, she worked as an illustrator of childrens' books, wrote two novels and an autobiography, and collected German porcelain.

Provenance

The Ilse Martha Bischoff papers were donated in 1980-1981 by the artist.

A Finding Aid to the Ilse Martha Bischoff Papers,
1893-1981
, in the Archives of American Art
AAA.biscilse
Author
Finding aid prepared by Jean Fitzgerald
Biographical Note
Ilse Martha Bischoff was born on November 21, 1901 in New York City, to Adele Maria Timme Bischoff and Ernst Bischoff, founder of the Ernst Bischoff (pharmaceuticals) Company of Ivoryton, Connecticut.
Bischoff began her education at the Horace Mann School, later studying costume design at the Parson's School of Design. At the Art Students League, she studied painting under Frank Du Mond and etching with Joseph Pennell. While at the Art Students League, Bischoff befriended painters Paul Cadmus and Jared French. She also studied art in Paris, France, and Munich, Germany.
From 1928 to 1946, Bischoff illustrated 12 books and wrote two novels about George Washington's Portraitist, Gilbert Stuart:
Painter's Coach
in 1943, and
Proud Heritage
in 1949. Her autobiography,
Drive Slowly: Six Dogs
, was published in 1953. She was also an avid collector of Meissen porcelain.
Bishoff's artwork is represented in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the New York Public Library, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and the Hood Museum at Dartmouth.
Ilse Martha Bischoff died December 5, 1990, in Hartland, Vermont.
Arrangement
The collection is arranged as 6 series:
Series 1: Personal Records, 1934-1938, 1955-1968 (Box 1; 3 folders)
Series 2: Correspondence, 1922-1981 (Box 1; 47 folders)
Series 3: Artwork, circa 1920-circa 1959 (Box 1; 1 folder)
Series 4: Notes and Writings, 1929-1975 (Box 1; 33 folders)
Series 5: Printed Material, 1929-1976 (Box 1; 15 folders)
Series 6: Photographs, 1893-1971 (Box 2; 20 folders)
Scope and Content Note
The papers of illustrator, writer and collector Ilse Martha Bischoff measure 1.2 linear feet and date from 1893-1981. Found are scattered personal and business records, correspondence, pencil and watercolor sketches, notes and writings, printed material and photographs.
Correspondence is primarily with family members and colleagues including Paul Cadmus and Jared French. Artwork includes pencil and watercolor sketches, and notes and writings consist primarily of typescripts of Bischoff's short stories. Printed material includes clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and miscellaneous printed material relating to Bischoff's European travel. Of special interest are photographs of Bischoff, her family, and colleagues including Paul Cadmus and Jared French.
Provenance
The Ilse Martha Bischoff papers were donated in 1980-1981 by the artist.
Processing Information
The papers were processed by Jean Fitzgerald in March, 2006.

Restrictions on Access

Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

How to Cite This Collection

Ilse Martha Bischoff papers, 1893-1981. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

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