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Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943

Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943

Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946

Painter

The notebooks and letters of Horace Pippin in the Archives of American Art were digitized in 2006. The papers have been scanned in their entirety, and total 114 images.

Collection Information

Size: 8 items

Summary: Collection consists of three notebooks, notebook fragments, and two letters created by African American primitive painter Horace Pippin. The notebooks recount Pippin's World War I experiences, including his being wounded. One of the notebooks is illustrated.

Biographical/Historical Note

Horace Pippin (1888 - 1946) was a self-taught painter from West Chester, Pa. Pippin was inspired to paint by his experiences in World War I. He lost the use of his right arm when wounded during the war and, when painting, had to use his left hand to guide his right. He gained a national reputation as "a true American primitive" for his paintings depicting childhood memories, war experiences, heroes, and religious subjects.

Provenance

WWI journals were purchased from Pippin's dealer, Robert Carlen, in 1956. This collection was microfilmed on reel 138 in 1973, and scanned in 2006.

A Finding Aid to the Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters,
circa 1920, 1943
, in the Archives of American Art
AAA.pipphora
Finding aid prepared by Eric P. Frazier and Erin Corley
Scope and Content Note
Collection consists of three notebooks, notebook fragments, and two letters created by African American primitive painter Horace Pippin. The notebooks recount Pippin's World War I experiences, including his being wounded. One of the notebooks is illustrated.
Biographical Note
Born in West Chester, Pa., in 1888 Pippin was a self-taught primitive painter. His fighting experiences in France during World War I greatly influenced his later paintings. During the war, he was wounded and lost the use of his right arm. When painting, he had to use his left hand to guide his right. He gained a national reputation as a "true American primitive" in the 1940s, when his bold narrative paintings of childhood memories, war experiences, heroes, African American genre scenes, and religious subjects were widely exhibited, including his famous painting of the hanging of John Brown. Pippin died in 1946.
Arrangement
The collection is arranged into one series.
Series 1: Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters, circa 1920s, 1943; 8 items
Provenance
WWI journals were purchased from Pippin's dealer, Robert Carlen, in 1956. This collection was microfilmed on reel 138 in 1973, and scanned in 2006.
Processing Information
The Horace Pippin notebooks and letters were microfilmed in the order that they were donated on reels 138 and 4306. The collection was digitized in 2006 with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.

Additional Forms Available

The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.

Restrictions on Access

Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

How to Cite This Collection

Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

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