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Harriet Collins Allen papers relating to Solon Borglum, 1897-1925

Harriet Collins Allen papers relating to Solon Borglum, 1897-1925

Allen, Harriet Collins

Art patron

Collection Information

Size: 0.2 linear ft.

Summary: Found within the papers are letters primarily written by Solon Borglum and his wife, Emma, to Harriet Collins Allen. The letters were written from Omaha, London, Paris, and New York and provide a cursory overview of some of the events in Borglum's career and insights into his relationship with his older brother sculptor Gutzon Borglum. Borglum writes about meeting and working with other sculptors in Paris and New York and his wife writes about conflicts between the two brothers and exhibitions of Solon's work. Also found within the papers are clippings, a brochure for Borglum's book, "A Comparative Analysis of Natural Forms and Their Relation to the Human Figure," and photographs of Borglum in his studio and of his works.

Biographical/Historical Note

Patron of sculptor Solon Borglum; Cincinnati, Ohio. Allen and her husband Dr. Samuel Allen, befriended sculptor Solon Borglum while he was studying at the Cincinnati Art School, 1895-1897. Borglum was born in Omaha, Nebraska, and is best known for western American subjects.

Provenance

Donated 1989 by Joan Parsons Wang, granddaughter of Harriet Collins Allen.

Related Materials

A Finding Aid to the Harriet Collins Allen Papers Relating to Solon Borglum,
1897-1925
, in the Archives of American Art
AAA.alleharr
Finding aid prepared by Jean Fitzgerald
Scope and Content Note
The papers of art patron Harriet Collins Allen measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1897-1925. Found within the papers are letters primarily written by Solon Borglum and his wife, Emma to Harriet Collins Allen. The letters were written from Omaha, London, Paris, and New York and provide a cursory overview of some of the events in Borglum's career and insights into his relationship with his older brother sculptor Gutzon Borglum. Borglum writes about meeting and working with other sculptors in Paris and New York and his wife writes about conflicts between the two brothers and exhibitions of Solon's work. Also found within the papers are clippings, a brochure for Borglum's book
A Comparative Analysis of Natural Forms and Their Relation to the Human Figure
, and photographs of Borglum in his studio and of his works.
Biographical Note
Harriet Collins Allen and her husband, Dr. Samuel Allen, befriended sculptor Solon Borglum while he was studying at the Cincinnati Art Academy in the mid-1890s.
Solon Hannibal Borglum was born December 22, 1868 in Ogden, Utah. He was the younger brother of noted sculptor Gutzon Borglum. Both brothers spent their early lives on a ranch near Omaha, Nebraska. From 1883 to 1884, Solon and Gutzon traveled to California where Gutzon studied art and both earned a living at ranching. After spending a short time at his brother's studio in Sierra Madre, and living as an artist in Santa Ana, Solon enrolled at the Cincinnati Art Academy, where he studied from 1895 to 1897 as a student of Louis Rebisso.
Solon traveled to Paris and met sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens who persuaded him to study at the Académie Julian. There he studied under Denys Puech and began winning awards for work exhibited in both France and the United States. In 1898, Solon married Emma Vignal in Paris. They spent four years living at the Crow Creek Reservation in South Dakota, an experience that influenced his art work. In 1901, Solon was elected to the National Sculpture Society, later becoming vice-president. He set up a studio in New York.
Borglum displayed several works at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, the Lewis and Clark Exposition in Portland, Oregon, and at the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco. Among his most noted commissions was the "Rough Rider Monument" commemorating Captain William Owen "Buckey" O'Neill in Prescott, Arizona. In 1906, Borglum moved to Silvermine, Connecticut, where his studio became the center of a colony called the Silvermine Group of Artists. It was also during this time that Paul Manship was employed as one of Borglum's assistants and lived with the family.
From 1916 to 1917 Solon taught at the Beaux-Arts Institute of Design in New York and worked on an art textbook. During World War I, he served as the Director of Sculpture for the American Expeditionary Forces Art Training Center. Following the war, Borglum returned to New York City and established a School of American Sculpture in New York City.
Solon Hannibal Borglum died suddenly after an appendectomy in January 1922 in New York City.
Arrangement
The collection is arranged as 3 chronological series:
Series 1: Letters, 1897-1925 (Box 1; 19 folders)
Series 2: Printed Material, 1898-1907, undated (Box 1; 1 folder)
Series 3: Photographs, undated (Box 1; 3 folders)
Provenance
Donated 1989 by Joan Parsons Wang, granddaughter of Harriet Collins Allen.
Processing Information
The collection was processed in July 2005 by Jean Fitzgerald.

Restrictions on Access

Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

How to Cite This Collection

Harriet Collins Allen papers relating to Solon Borglum, 1897-1925. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

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