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Eugenie Gershoy papers, 1914-1983

Eugenie Gershoy papers, 1914-1983

Gershoy, Eugenie, 1901-1983 or 6

Sculptor, Painter, Ceramicist, Draftsmen (artists)

Collection Information

Size: 7.2 linear feet

Summary: Biographical material, correspondence, business records, notes, writings, art work, printed material, and photographs.

Biographical material consists of a resume, 1965, and a biographical sketch, 1971. Correspondence, 1942-1971, is primarily from museum colleagues including Alfred Barr, Adelyn Breeskin, Juliana Force, and A. Hyatt Mayor, and a letter of recommendation from Anton Refregier. Art work includes 2 etchings, a sketchbook from New Orleans, 1941, and a sketchbook from Mexico, 1949. There are 3 photographs of Gershoy, 1970-1971, photographs of art work and an exhibition installation. Other material includes clippings, 1940-1970, printed material, and notes.

The bulk (5.5 feet) of these papers consists of correspondence, 1914-1983, primarily with her siblings and their families regarding Gershoy's activities, including her interactions with Harry Gottlieb and Juliana Force. Correspondence with colleagues, many associated with the Woodstock Artists Association, includes letters from Elizabeth Ames of Yaddo, Mildred Baker, Arnold and Lucile Blanch, Virginia Dehn, Aline Fruhauf, Agnes Hart, Frederic Knight, Josef Presser, and Virgil Thomson, and Christmas cards from Irving Marantz, George Picken, Anton Refregier, Moses Soyer, and Raphael Soyer.

Art work consists of 10 sketchbooks, 1948-1973?, drawings, 1932-1978, 2 prints, 1948 and 1975, and art work by others, including Lucile Blanch.

Photographs are of Gershoy, 1916-1983, Gershoy's Art Students League class with A. Stirling Calder, 1920, her friends, 1930-1975, including Harry Gottlieb, Reuben Nakian, Joseph Pollet, Concetta Scaravaglione, Jean Varda, and her friends at Yaddo. There are also photographs of a studio interior, 3 street views of Woodstock, New York, and art work by Gershoy and others.

The remainder of the papers consist of receipts for the delivery of art work to museums, 1969-1976, and loan and consignment receipts, 1966-1967; lists of friends' names; autographs of Woodstock and other artists (including Georgia O'Keeffe's, 1970); writings by Gershoy and others, including an essay "Fantasy and Humor in Sculpture" by Gershoy, instructions on the use of plaster, a proposal for a Program in Ceramics project, poems by Bonnie Grainger, a handwritten poem by Edna St. Vincent Millay, and an essay "On the De-Humanization of Education" by Francis V. O'Connor; clippings, 1952-1983; exhibition announcements and catalogs for Gershoy and others, 1932-1983; printed greeting cards designed by Gershoy; Gershoy's will, 1972; membership cards; and award certificates, 1945 and 1964.

Biographical/Historical Note

Eugenie Gershoy (1901-1986) was a sculptor and art instructor in New York, N.Y. Born in Krivoi Rog, Russia, Gershoy immigrated with her family to New York City in 1903, later becoming a U.S. citizen. She attended the Art Students League and maintained a studio with Harry Gottlieb in Woodstock, N.Y. From 1936 to 1939, under the WPA Federal Art Project, she worked on murals with Max Spivak. Gershoy's first solo exhibition was at the Robinson Gallery in New York in 1940.

Provenance

Material donated by Eugenie Gershoy, 1971-1983. Funding for the microfilming of the collection was provided by the Philip Birnbaum Foundation.

Related Materials

A Finding Aid to the Eugenie Gershoy Papers,
1914-1983
, in the Archives of American Art
AAA.gerseuge
Finding aid prepared by Jean Fitzgerald
Scope and Content Note
The Eugenie Gershoy papers date from 1914 to 1983, measure 7.2 linear feet, and reflect Gershoy's career as a sculptor and teacher. The collection contains biographical material, correspondence, business records, notes, writings, artwork of Gershoy and others, printed material including exhibition catalogs, and photographs with subjects including Gershoy, her friends and colleagues, her studio, and her artwork.
Correspondence forms the bulk of the collection and includes correspondence between Gershoy and her siblings and their families regarding her activities, as well as with colleagues, many of whom were associated with the Woodstock Artist Association, and many of whom were museum colleagues.
Biographical Note
Born in Krivoi Rog, Russia on January 1, 1901, Eugenie was the youngest of the Gershoy children. The family immigrated to New York City in 1903. She later became a U.S. citizen.
With the aid of two scholarships, she attended the Art Students League and studied under A. Stirling Calder, Leo Lentelli, Kenneth Hayes Miller, Boardman Robinson, and Carl Walters. During the late 1920s and early 1930s, she maintained a studio with Harry Gottlieb in Woodstock, New York. From 1936 to 1939, under the WPA Federal Art Project, she worked in conjunction with Max Spivak on murals for the children's recreation room in the Astoria branch of the Queens Borough Public Library, New York.
Gershoy's first solo show was at the Robinson Gallery in New York in 1940. Following a year of teaching at the New Orleans Art School, she moved to San Francisco in 1942. In 1946 she taught ceramics at the California School of Fine Arts, and in May 1950, she studied at Yaddo.
In addition to visits to England and France in the early 1930s, Gershoy travelled to Mexico and Guatemala in 1947, 1948, and 1961. She worked in Paris in 1951 and toured Africa, India, and the Orient in 1955.
Eugenie Gershoy died in 1986.
Arrangement
The collection is arranged into eight series according to material type. The contents of each series have been arranged chronologically.
Series 1: Biographical Material, 1939-1971 (boxes 1 and 9, sol 8, 2 folders)
Series 2: Correspondence, 1914-1983, undated (boxes 1-6, 9, sol 8, 5.8 linear ft.)
Series 3: Business Records, 1952-1978 (box 6, 5 folders)
Series 4: Notes, 1967-1970, undated (box 6, 3 folders)
Series 5: Writings, 1970, undated (box 6, 2 folders)
Series 6: Artwork, 1932-1978, undated (boxes 6, 8-9, OV 10, 26 folders)
Series 7: Printed Material, 1932-1983, undated (boxes 7 and 9, 19 folders)
Series 8: Photographs, 1916-1983, undated (boxes 7 and 9, 12 folders)
Provenance
Material donated by Eugenie Gershoy, 1971-1983. Funding for the microfilming of the collection was provided by the Philip Birnbaum Foundation.
Processing Information
The collection was processed by Jean Fitzgerald in 1994. Funding for the microfilming of this collection was provided by the Philip Birnbaum Foundation.

Additional Forms Available

Microfilm reels 293 and 4966-4972 available for use at Archives of American Art offices and through interlibrary loan.

Restrictions on Access

Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.

How to Cite This Collection

Eugenie Gershoy papers, 1914-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

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