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- Collection Features
- Chicago Art and Artists in the Archives of American Art
- From Abercrombie to Zeisler
A Sampling of Chicago Artists from Abercrombie to Zeisler
Painter Gertrude Abercrombie was a fixture in the Chicago cultural scene, playing host to legions of artists, literary figures and jazz musicians. Her work often focuses self-portraiture or autobiographical elements with a surrealist bent, and the sketches found in her papers are no exception.
A key figure in the No-Jury Society, Armin was also a friend of Abercrombie’s. He painted in a modernist style and one of his favorite subjects was the city of Chicago, as seen in this watercolor of the Augustus Saint-Gaudens statue of Abraham Lincoln in Lincoln Park.
Barton specialized in depictions of the female nude. When art critic C.J. Bulliet asserted in his book The Courtezan Olympia (1930) that women “have accomplished nothing first-rate in the art of the nude,” Barton took it upon herself to prove him wrong. She more than won his respect as is evidenced by this letter in her papers from Bulliet to the Governor of Illinois endorsing Barton as the artist to paint his official portrait, comparing her to the old masters and noting that “she is one of the few living portrait painters…who can catch a likeness and still make the portrait a ‘picture’.”
Cortor grew up in Chicago’s South Side and studied at the Art Institute, where Kathleen Blackshear introduced him to African Art. He specialized in depictions of African American women, but also drew inspiration from the city of Chicago, sketching scenes from the South Side for the Works Progress Administration.
Vera Klement is a transplant to Chicago from New York, and she brought with her the style of abstract expressionism. She was a member of the artist group “The Five,” which decried what they saw as a regionalist bent in Chicago art. Over the length of her career her art has moved to more often include figurative elements.
Ellen Lanyon worked in a surrealist style that often featured insects, birds, and reptiles. She was active in the feminist art scene in Chicago. On this handout from a College Art Association report on the demographics of MFA degree granting institutions, she doodled a crow which squawks percent signs at the disparate distribution of studio art faculty positions between men and women.
Wirsum was a key figure in the Chicago Imagist movement and a prominent member of the Hairy Who. The influences for his idiosyncratic art can be seen in photographs of his home which is covered floor to ceiling with his lovingly curated collection of tchotchkes.
A professor at the School of the Art Institute for over 40 years, Yoshida was hugely influential both through his teaching and his artwork. Much like Karl Wirsum his art was informed by his voluminous collection of three-dimensional objects but also of thematically organized clippings from advertisements and comics which fill several scrapbooks in his papers.
Claire Zeisler was a pioneer in the field of fiber arts, innovating new weaving techniques to create voluminous sculptural works. Her papers contain extensive preparatory notes and fiber samples organized by artwork.