Acquisitions: Robert Alexander Papers and Temple of Man Records

By Annette Leddy
December 5, 2017
Detail of collage by Robert Alexander

This entry is part of an ongoing series highlighting new acquisitions. The Archives of American Art collects primary source materials—original letters, writings, preliminary sketches, scrapbooks, photographs, financial records and the like—that have significant research value for the study of art in the United States. The following essay was originally published in the fall 2017 issue (vol. 56, no. 2) of the Archives of American Art Journal. More information about the journal can be found at

Photograph of Robert (Baza) Alexeander
Temple of Man promotional postcard featuring Robert Alexander, 1970s. Robert Alexander papers and Temple of Man records, 1956-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Temple of Man is not an edifice but a community of Beat poets, artists, and musicians founded in San Francisco in 1960 by assemblage artist Robert “Baza” Alexander (1923–1987). In 1968 Baza moved to a house on Cabrillo Avenue in Venice, California, which served as the Temple’s center of operations for some twenty years. The interior walls of the house were lined with a distinctive collection of works on paper that affirmed the Temple’s aesthetic principles and perhaps also its gift economy, as all of the works had been donated by participating artists.

Here two or three generations of the Los Angeles Beat community gathered for poetry readings, musical performances, and meals. They also celebrated weddings, since Baza and others in the Temple were ordained priests happy to marry those who wanted a self-styled ceremony—say, in a hot tub. The tradition of ordained ministers in the Temple of Man officiating weddings continues to this day.

In 2017, the Archives received a substantial addition to the Robert Alexander Papers and Temple of Man Records donated in 1990 by Alexander’s widow, Anita Alexander. This significant addition, given by current Temple directors Yoav Getzler and George Herms, contains more than 100 collages, watercolors, drawings, and photographs.

It also encompasses artist files containing correspondence, exhibition announcements and reviews, and photographs of artworks. Together these materials show the range of the California Beat aesthetic and how it evolved in the latter half of the twentieth century among Beat disciples. While some Temple artists, such as Bill Dailey, Tony Scibella, and Saul White, remain virtually unknown, the collection includes iconic examples of Beat-era visual culture such as Verifax photo prints by Wallace Berman, a George Herms Burpee Seed collage, and several of Ben Talbert’s erotic allegorical drawings. In addition, numerous works by Baza came with the donation. Seeing this work unframed is a thrill because it allows a closer view and understanding of the artists’ materials and processes.

But the Temple art collection also has broader significance, for it documents the Beats’ aesthetic strategies and their deep and lasting impact on California art of later generations, most obviously on conceptual and feminist practice of the 1960s and 1970s. Indeed, among the records is a 1990 exhibition proposal by curator and gallerist Hal Glicksman that defines the Temple collection as an “archive of the origins of California modern art.”

Photograph of Robert (Baza) Alexander
Untitled collage ("Mother"), circa 1960. Robert Alexander papers and Temple of Man records, 1956-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Following the passing of Anita Alexander, the Cabrillo Avenue house was sold and the collection and records moved to Beat poet and Temple director Marsha Getzler’s bungalow in Benedict Canyon. George Herms recalls that when people told Getzler she was sitting on a goldmine, she would reply, “Gold, yes. Mine, no.” It had always been the community’s plan to keep the records and art collection intact and place them with an institution that would honor the Temple’s spirit, and in the Archives these materials have found a home.

Annette Leddy is the Gilbert and Ann Kinney New York collector for the Archives of American Art.


I founded what is now Beyond Baroque Literary Arts Center (Beyond Baroque Foundation) in Venice, California in 1968. (Beyond Baroque is now the home of he Temple of Man) There were a few members of the Venice Beat poets group left, and some of them came to Beyond Baroque. Bob Alexander frequently attended poetry readings and other events, bringing with him William Margolis in a wheelchair. (The story was that Margolis was paralyzed after attempting to fly from a2nd-floor window). Bob Alexander was also a volunteer at Beyond Baroque, doingclerical work, during the time he was on methadone. I did an extended interview with Bob in 1977, a transcription of which I will be happy to send you if you want.

Add new comment

Your name Fieldset
Subject Fieldset
Comment Fieldset

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.