Please note, we are experiencing issues connecting to our Research Request System, Aeon. To request collection materials, please contact us through the Ask Us form

Archives of American Art Contributes to Syracuse University Library's Marcel Breuer Digital Archive

Released: 4/4/12

Marcel Breuer in the Whitney Museum of American Art, 1964. Marcel Breuer papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

The Archives of American Art has contributed more than 1,350 digital images, representing nearly 1,000 documents, to the Marcel Breuer Digital Archive available online at Launched March 23 by Syracuse University Library, this resource represents a collaborative effort to digitize more than 30,000 drawings, photographs, letters and other materials related to the early career of Marcel Breuer, one of the most influential architects and furniture designers of the 20th century.

Rich metadata allows for easy searching and enables researchers to make connections across media and among geographically dispersed materials. High-quality, zoomable images permit even the faintest pencil sketch to be examined in detail, and descriptions of Breuer’s projects and biographies provide context for the individual objects and for Breuer’s career. The project unites resources from several international partner institutions, including the Smithsonian’s Archives of American Art, the Bauhaus-Archiv, Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau, the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, Harvard University, the University of East Anglia and the Vitra Design Museum.

The Archives of American Art’s contribution of digital images consists primarily of letters from Breuer to architects, designers and artists discussing his training and the execution of his hundreds of architectural projects and designs for furnishings, as well as letters received from Breuer’s mentor Walter Gropius. Invoices, writings, lecture transcripts and memorandum are also found. The documents were selected by Syracuse’s project team from the Breuer papers donated to the Smithsonian by Breuer’s widow, Constance, between 1985 and 1999. The papers, digitized by the Archives in 2005 from 32 reels of microfilm, span the years 1920 to 1986 and consist of biographical material, correspondence, business and financial records, interviews, notes, writings, sketches, project files, exhibition files, photographs and printed material that document Breuer’s career as an architect and designer.

Born in Pécs, Hungary, in 1902, Marcel Lajos Breuer achieved remarkable success as a student in the furniture workshop of the Bauhaus, leading Gropius to offer him a faculty position in 1925. That same year, he earned widespread critical acclaim for his tubular steel “Wassily” chair, which incorporated the radical simplicity of form and interest in industrial materials often espoused by the Bauhaus. After a brief but productive sojourn in England, Breuer followed Gropius to the United States and Harvard University in 1937. The two maintained a joint architectural firm in Cambridge, Mass., until 1941, when Breuer founded his own office.

Breuer helped to redefine post-war American domestic architecture through projects like the “bi-nuclear” house and the demonstration house in the garden of New York’s Museum of Modern Art (1949). He designed some 60 private residences by the mid-1950s, all of which are represented in the “Marcel Breuer Digital Archive.” The ensuing two decades witnessed some of his most well-known governmental and institutional projects, including the UNESCO headquarters in Paris (1958) and the Whitney Museum of Art in New York City (1966); the records related to these later projects will be digitized during the second phase of the project.

The Special Collections Research Center is a hub for primary-source research located at Syracuse University’s Bird Library. It is devoted to collecting and preserving rare research materials in all formats and to connecting students, faculty, outside scholars and the community to its collections. For more information, visit

The Archives of American Art is the world’s pre-eminent resource dedicated to collecting and preserving the papers and primary records of the visual arts in America.

Visit the Archives' Blog

Sign up for our Newsletter

Latest News

Princeton Architectural Press, New York, publishes Pen to Paper, Artists' Handwritten Letters from the Smithsonian's Archives of American Art, edited by Mary Savig, June 14, 2016

Pen to Paper, a collection of letters by artists from the Smithsonian's Archives of American Art, reveals how letter writing can be an artistic act, just as an artist puts pen to paper to craft a line in a drawing.

Read More

Smithsonian’s Archives of American Art Receives Donation of the Archive of James R. “Jimmy” Hedges III and his Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery

Washington, DC….The Smithsonian’s Archives of American Art (the Archives) has acquired the extraordinary archive of the late philanthropist, artist, collector, and art dealer James R. “Jimmy” Hedges III (1942?2014) and the records from his Rising Fawn Folk Art Gallery. 

Read More

Smithsonian’s Archives of American Art Announces Winner of 2015 Graduate Research Essay Prize

Amanda Dalla Villa Adams, a doctoral student in art history at Virginia Commonwealth University, was awarded the Archives of American Art Graduate Research Essay Prize funded by the Dedalus Foundation Inc.

Read More

Past articles: News Archive