Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

June 20 to September 29, 2008
Exhibited in the Lawrence A. Fleischman Gallery in Washington, D.C.

Each year, as the days get longer and the weather warmer, people everywhere welcome summer and its charms. For many artists, summer offers an opportunity to concentrate fully on their work, without the constraints of teaching or the distractions of city living.

Beginning in 1891, summer programs for artists began to pop up all over the east coast of the United States. At first, schools were formed close to Manhattan, where most artists lived and worked, but soon spread up the New England coast, and beyond. Like the summer camps of childhood, these schools provided a structured yet liberal environment that allowed for unbridled creativity and collaboration. As many of the schools grew in reputation and roster, they became firmly planted in the lore of American art history, and many still operate today.

Through original letters, rare photographs, and sketchbooks from the Archives of American Art, this exhibition showcases a number of these schools and their importance to artists' lives and careers. Summer programs featured in this exhibition include the schools in Provincetown, Massachusetts; Fontainebleau, France; the Penland School of Crafts (Penland, North Carolina); the Haystack Mountain School of Crafts (Deer Isle, Maine); the Pilchuck Glass School (Stanwood, Washington); Skowhegan (Skowhegan, Maine); and Ox-Bow (Michigan).

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Jane Brown and Lucy Morgan

Jane Brown and Lucy Morgan, ca. 1963-1964

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

William Brown autograph book

William Brown autograph book, 1971

Creator: Bill Brown

Bill Brown’s autograph book, 1971, open to page featuring fiber artist Mary Ann Scherr. Scherr was part of a group of craftspeople who spent two weeks at Penland, collaborating and experimenting without students.

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Fritz Dreisbach's comments on Penland's Resident Program

Fritz Dreisbach's comments on Penland's Resident Program, 1983

Creator: Fritz Dreisbach

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Haystack Mountain School of Crafts summer brochure

Haystack Mountain School of Crafts summer brochure, ca. 1953

Creator: Haystack Mountain School of Crafts

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

"About art education and my approach toward it...", ca. 1955

Creator: Hans Hofmann

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Class at the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts, Provincetown

Class at the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts, Provincetown, ca. 1945

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Class at the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts, Provincetown

Class at the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts, Provincetown, ca. 1945

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Female student sketching in the dunes

Female student sketching in the dunes, 1941

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Marisol letter to Hans Hofmann

Marisol letter to Hans Hofmann, 1952 Sept. 5

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Sketching class on the beach in Provincetown

Sketching class on the beach in Provincetown, ca. 1936

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Horse drawn carriage with sign for the Cape Cod School of Art

Horse drawn carriage with sign for the Cape Cod School of Art, 1899

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Brice Marden and Philip Wofford

Brice Marden and Philip Wofford, 1976 Sept.

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Mercedes Matter and James Brooks

Mercedes Matter and James Brooks, 1966

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Dorothy and Roy Lichtenstein

Dorothy and Roy Lichtenstein, 1968

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Class discussion at Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture

Class discussion at Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, 1975

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Jacob Lawrence critiquing student work

Jacob Lawrence critiquing student work, 1968

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Robert Indiana and a student at the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture

Robert Indiana and a student at the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, 1969

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Claes Oldenburg, visiting artist

Claes Oldenburg, visiting artist, 1973

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Jack Levine working in his faculty studio

Jack Levine working in his faculty studio, 1952

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Class discussion at Skowhegan

Class discussion at Skowhegan, 1970

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Study for: Summer school advertisement

Study for: Summer school advertisement, Between 1900 and 1935

Creator: E. Ambrose (Edwin Ambrose) Webster

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Edwin Ambrose Webster summer art school brochure

Edwin Ambrose Webster summer art school brochure, between 1900 and 1935

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Edwin Ambrose Webster plein air painting class, Provincetown, Mass.

Edwin Ambrose Webster plein air painting class, Provincetown, Mass., 191-?

Creator: Peter A. Juley & Son

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

William Merritt Chase

William Merritt Chase, ca. 1900

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Rockwell Kent

Rockwell Kent, between 1900 and 1902

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

William Merritt Chase painting

William Merritt Chase painting, ca. 1900

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Photograph of Fritz Dreisbach at Pilchuck

Photograph of Fritz Dreisbach at Pilchuck, 1971

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Advertisemant for Philip L. Hale's summer class

Advertisemant for Philip L. Hale's summer class, 1899

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Matunuck Summer School of Painting sketchbook

Matunuck Summer School of Painting sketchbook, ca. 1899

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Herbert D. Hale letter to Mary E. Williams

Herbert D. Hale letter to Mary E. Williams, 1897 July 6

Creator: Herbert D. Hale

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Summer School: Selections from the Archives of American Art

Nike Olenike and Printmaker Twins Seven-Seven at Haystack

Nike Olenike and Printmaker Twins Seven-Seven at Haystack, 1974

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