W. Langdon Kihn papers, 1904-1990, bulk 1904-1957

A Finding Aid to the W. Langdon Kihn Papers, 1904-1990, bulk 1904-1957, in the Archives of American Art, by Kathleen Brown

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Funding for the processing of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art

Table of Contents:



Biographical Information

Born in Brooklyn, New York, W. (Wilfred) Langdon Kihn (1898-1959) is best known for his portraits of American Indians and illustrations of their history, culture and rapidly disappearing way of life. In 1919, Kihn joined his art teacher Winold Reiss on a trip to the Blackfeet Reservation in Montana where he completed his first series of portraits. This marked the beginning of his lifelong career of documenting the tribal nations of the United States and Canada. Through commissions from Canadian and American Railroad companies, Kihn spent much of the 1920s traversing both the United States and Northwest Canada where he had the opportunity to record the members and lives of various tribes. During this period, his paintings also traveled the country in a one man exhibition of his American Indian portraits, which was arranged by the Brooklyn Museum, and traveled to about 40 institutions in the United States. However his largest and best known commission was a project to research and paint North American Indians for serial publication in National Geographic. Kihn received the commission in 1935 and his association with the organization spanned two decades, culminating in the 1955 exhibition of his work at the National Geographic Museum, Washington, D.C, and the publication Indians of the Americas, with copius illustrations derived from Kihn's paintings and drawings.

In addition to his travels and work in North America, Kihn enjoyed a brief stint between 1929-1932 painting in France and Spain. Upon his return he focused upon obtaining commercial work and enjoyed success as an illustrator, whose work was featured in Beaver, Kings and Cabins (1933) and Flat Tail (1935), among other books. Kihn also wrote articles about his travels; amateur painters, whom he specialized in teaching; and American Indian legends and tribal cultures. Between 1948-1951 he was a partner in the Guy Wiggins-W. Langdon Kihn Art School in Essex, Connecticut. He married Helen Butler in 1920 and in between their travels the couple eventually settled in East Haddam, Connecticut. W. Langdon Kihn died in 1957.

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Overview of the Collection

Scope and Contents

The papers of painter and illustrator W. Langdon Kihn measure approximately 8.5 linear feet and date from 1904-1990, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1904-1957. Papers document Kihn's career and travels associated with his interests in documenting the native American tribal nations of the United States and Canada in portraiture and writings. Found here are biographical material, voluminous correspondence, memoirs and writings, one travel diary, printed material, financial records, three sketchbooks, sketches, and photographs.

Biographical materials include address books, membership cards, exhibition and price lists, legal and travel documents, as well as biographical notes. Additional biographical sketches are found in the Writings and Notes series.

Correspondence is the largest series in the collection, almost half of the papers. In addition to letters to W. Langdon Kihn, this series include both originals and drafts of his outgoing letters; letters to his wife Helen from friends; third party business correspondence between his father, Alfred Kihn, and various parties undertaken on his son's behalf; and third party correspondence addressed to his friend and colleague, the Canadian ethnographer, Marius Barbeau. In addition to Barbeau, significant correspondents include Constance Lindsay Skinner, Chester and Maud Dale, Sir Henry Wellcome, Pierre and Marie "May" Lecompte du Noüy, and Reginald and Gladys Laubin. Although there is little correspondence with other artists, those represented with cards and letters in this collection include Boris Artzybasheff, Maynard Dixon, Olin Dows, Thornton Oakley, and Kihn's summer art school partner, Gus Wiggins. Correspondence with Franklin L. Fisher, Chief of National Geographic Magazine's Illustrated Division and Matthew W. Striling, Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution dominate the period spanning from 1935 - 1952, the years of Kihn's close association with the National Geographic Society.

Writings and notes includes manuscripts and typescripts of articles, poems, lectures, memoirs, and other writings by Kihn and others. There is one travel diary dated circa 1924-1925, and numerous writings about Kihn's travels and documentation of native American Indians.

Printed materials include exhibition catalogs, travel brochures, and magazine and newspaper clippings. Also found here are copies of Kihn's illustrations for books by other authors, including Beaver, Kings and Cabins, by Constance Lindsay Skinner, as well as proofs from the National Geographic series on American Indians arranged by geographic location. Financial records consist of invoices and receipts related to Kihn's artwork, traveling, and exhibitions.

Three sketchbooks and loose sketches include illustrated field notes and other drawings that document Kihn's travels and of native Americans. Photographs are of Kihn, and of Kihn at work. There are also photographs of Kihn's artwork.

Arrangement and Series Description

The collection is arranged into 7 series:

Subjects and Names

This collection is indexed in the online catalog of the Archives of American Art under the following terms:

Subjects:

  • National Geographic Society

Subjects-Topical:

  • Book illustrators -- Connecticut
  • Indians of North America -- Pictorial Works
  • Painters -- Connecticut

Types of Materials:

  • Diaries
  • Photographs
  • Poetry
  • Sketches
  • Sketchbooks
  • Writings

Names:

  • Artzybasheff, Boris, 1899-1965
  • Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969
  • Dale, Chester, b. 1883
  • Dale, Maud, 1875-1953
  • Dixon, Maynard, 1875-1946
  • Downs, Olin
  • Fisher, Franklin L.
  • Kihn, Alfred
  • Kihn, Helen Butler
  • Laubin, Gladys
  • Laubin, Reginald
  • Lecomte du Noüy, Marie
  • Lecomte du Noüy, Pierre, 1883-1947
  • Oakley, Thorton, 1881-1953
  • Skinner, Constance Lindsay, 1882-1939
  • Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975
  • Wellcome, Henry S. (Solomon), Sir, 1853-1936
  • Wiggins, Guy C. (Guy Carleton), 1883-1962

Provenance

Helen Kihn, W. Langdon Kihn's widow, donated the bulk of the collection in 1959. In 1994 Phyllis Kihn, the artist's daughter, donated pages 1-8 of Kihn's original manuscript of his memoirs and a transcript of the complete memoirs.

How the Collection was Processed

Much of the collection was microfilmed upon receipt, and merged and re-processed, arranged and described by Kathleen Brown in 2008 as part of the Terra Foundation for American Art Digitization and Processing Project.


How to Use the Collection

Restrictions on Use

Use of original papers requires an appointment.

Ownership & Literary Rights

The W. Langdon Kihn papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.

Available Formats

The bulk of the collection is available on 35 mm microfilm reels 3701-3713 at Archives of American Art offices, and through interlibrary loan. Researchers should note that the arrangement of the collection as described in this finding aid may not reflect the order of the collection on microfilm.

How to Cite this Collection

W. Langdon Kihn papers, 1904-1990, bulk 1904-1957. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

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Detailed Description and Container Inventory

Series 1: Biographical Materials, circa 1916-1957
(Box 1; 0.4 linear feet)

Biographical materials include address books, social cards, membership cards, biographical notes, exhibition lists, price lists, legal contracts, leases, insurance forms, and travel tickets and claim checks, which document Kihn's associates, work, and travel.

Many of the biographical notes are drafts for entries in biographical encyclopedias. Additional biographical sketches and can be found in Writings and Notes.

Box Folder
1 1 Biographical Notes, before 1957
1 2 Address Books, before 1957
1 3 Address Book: Allied Brooklyn Artists Members, 1925
1 4 Names and Addresses: Alaska, before 1957
1 5 Loose Names and Addresses, circa 1920-1950
(social cards, envelopes, notes and lists)
1 6 Canadian Exhibition Price Lists and Notes, circa 1924
1 7-9 Exhibition and Price Lists, circa 1922-1957
(3 folders)
1 10 List of Works in the Collection of Edward Lyman Bill and Raymond Bill, 1956
1 11 Inventory of Works by W. Langdon Kihn in the Kihn Estate, probably 1957
1 12 Legal Documents, circa 1916-1955
1 13 Membership Cards and Certificates, circa 1920-1952
1 14 Tickets and Claim Checks, circa 1922-1947

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1904-1959
(Boxes 1-5, 4.0 linear feet)

Personal and work-related correspondence is between Kihn and immediate family, close friends, and colleagues who shared his interest in American Indian culture. Kihn's outgoing correspondence is well-represented through handwritten drafts and carbon copies. Although the bulk of the incoming correspondence is addressed to Kihn, letters from mutual friends addressed to his wife Helen are scattered thoughout both the personal and chronological correspondence.

The Correspondence series is arranged into 2 subseries:

2.1: General and Personal Correspondence, circa 1916-1957

This subseries consists primarily of personal correspondence, including holiday cards and invitations, although letters related to commissions and exhibitions are scattered throughout.

This subseries includes the letters of W. Langdon Kihn, Alfred and Carrie Kihn (his parents), and Helen Kihn (his wife). Langdon Kihn's correspondence contains letters to his parents from his early trips out west, and drafts and fragments of letters to colleagues promoting his early exhibitions. There is also a selection of Christmas cards of his own design, which he sent to friends and family.

Notable correspondents, most of whom are also represented in the chronological correspondence, include the Canadian ethnographer, Marius Barbeau; well-known collectors, Dale and Maud Chester and Sir Henry Wellcome; artists Maynard Dixon and Guy Wiggins; French biophysicist and philosopher Pierre du Noüy; and military historian Captian Russell V. Steele, whose letters frequently include illustrations of soldiers in military uniforms.

Folders are arranged in alphabetical order by correspondent name. Letters and letter fragments with missing or illegible signatures have been filed in a folder titled "Unidentified," which is located at the end of this subseries.

Box Folder
1 15 General A, circa 1922-1950
  • Adams, C.
  • Adams, J Donald
  • Adams, Mrs. John Adams
  • Ament, Robert. S.
  • American Indian Defense Association
  • Armer, Ruth
  • Armer, Sidney
  • Armstead, George Brooks
  • Arnaud, Odette
  • Artic Institute of North America
  • Artzybasheff, Boris and Elizabeth
  • Austrain, H.
1 16 Bosworth, Tom, circa 1928-1930
1 17 General Ba-Boo, circa 1922-1950
  • Barbona, Ruth
  • Barbeau, Marius
  • Batchelor, J
  • Beau, Henri
  • Beck, Charles W. Jr.
  • Bernet-Rollande, L.
  • Bill, Edward Lyman
  • Black Hawk
  • Blassingame, Lurton
  • Bogree, Jane
  • Booth, Mr. and Mrs. John R. Jr.
1 18 General Bow-By, before 1957
  • Bowen, Catherine Drinker
  • Bowles, Dorothy and Chester
  • Bray, Muriel
  • Brooklyn Children's Museum
  • Brown, Sonia Gordon
  • Budlong, Mary
  • Butler, Margaret
  • Butler, William
  • Bye, George T.
1 19 General C, before 1957
  • Cadmen, Benaldine Noble
  • Cappius, E.
  • Cartier, Jacques
  • Caspanu [?], Millicent
  • Caskey, James F.
  • Charles Scribner's Sons
  • Chase, ?
  • Church, Esther
  • Clark, Allan
  • Clark, Joy
  • Clark, Margery
  • Clark, Mary Moore
  • Coburn, Mary
  • Continental Theater
  • Cookingham, Louise K.
  • Courtright, George and Eugenie
  • Crago, W. H.
  • Crussaire, Dr. and Mme.
1 20 General D, 1916, before 1957
  • D., Myrtle
  • Dale, Maud and Chester
  • De Bogory, Natalie
  • DeLeon, Bertha
  • Dixon, Maynard
  • Doolittle, Mary F.
  • Dow, Emily K.
  • Driemeyer, Betty
  • Dudley, Lillian
1 21 General E-F, before 1957
  • Eastern Association of Indian Affairs
  • Eaton, Earle Hooker
  • Emery, Roe
  • Ennis, Howard Jr.
  • Explorers Club
  • F., E.
  • First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia
  • Fisher, Franklin
  • Fitzpatrick, Lee ("Fitz")
  • Flandrau, Grace
1 22 General G, before 1957
  • Gallup, Anna Billings
  • Galvin, Bob
  • Gates, Allen H.
  • Gatewood, Bill
  • Gaultier de la Verendrye, Juliette
  • Gaza, Maria Josepha
  • Gibbs, A. Hamilton
  • Gibbs, Jeanette
  • Gliewe, Ramon
  • Goismsditch, Herbert B.
  • Goulding, Margaret
  • Gray, Fred
  • Green, W.W. and LuLu
  • Griffiths, Nellie
  • Griswold, Charlotte B.
  • Grosso, Alfonso
  • Grosvenor, Mr. And Mrs. Gilbert
1 23 General H, before 1957
  • Hamilton, Margaret
  • Hanson, Earl P.
  • Hartford Courant
  • Hartford Times
  • Harris, Walter A.
  • Hartman, Jennette (Mrs. E.R.)
  • Harper and Brothers
  • Hewitt, E. L.
  • Hill, Mr. and Mrs. Louis W.
  • Hinton, Harold B.
  • Holden, Frances
  • Holden, Lephe
  • Hopkins, Ellen
  • Hutchinson, Dorothy and James
  • Hutchinson, George
1 24 General J-L, circa 1920-1957
  • James, Will
  • Jason, T.
  • Keithahn, Edward and Marie Antoinette ("Nette")
  • Kirk, Ruth (Mrs. John)
  • Lasker, Bruno
  • Laubin, Reginald ("Redge") and Gladys
  • Lay, Charles D.
  • Leechman, Douglas
  • Lomen, Laura and Carl
  • Longheed, Sir James
  • Lowry, Royal
  • Lummis, Charles F.
  • Lyme Minute Men
1 25 Kihn, Alfred C. and Carrie, before 1957
1 26 Kihn, Helen, circa 1920-1957
1 27 Kihn, W. Langdon, circa 1920-1957
1 28-29 Lecompte du Noüy, Pierre and Marie (May), circa 1927-1947
(2 folders)
1 30 General M-N, circa 1920-1957
  • MacMillan Company
  • Mallory, Lenore
  • Manfred, Ernest
  • Marsh, ?
  • Mason, Charles and Rose
  • Matthias, Reva
  • McDonald, E.
  • Meistrell, Malcom
  • Morden, William and Florence
  • Morse, Harry
  • N., Frances
  • National Gallery of Art, Washington DC
  • National Geographic Society
  • Newberry, Mary
  • Newsom, William ("Bill")
  • Niven, Pauline and Frederick
1 31 General O-R, circa 1920-1957
  • O'Neil, Henry
  • Paisano, Ulysses G. Sr.
  • Parsons, Sheldon
  • Pond, James B.
  • Post, Landgon
  • Price, Fred
  • Raynolds, Ellen
  • Reid, Russell
  • Reiss, Henrietta
  • Remington, Beatrice
  • Rindge, Dottie
  • Rosen, Elsie
  • Rungins, Carl
1 32 Skinner, Constance Lindsay, circa 1930s
1 33 Steele, Captain Russell V., circa 1940s
1 34 General S, circa 1920-1957
  • Salmagundi Club
  • Sawyer, Fannette
  • Schellbach, Don
  • Scott, Duncan Cambell
  • Seaman, Joseph H.
  • Shapiro, H.L.
  • Smith, Theodora
  • Soper, Mr. and Mrs. Ellis
  • Speer, Ella Post
  • Staats-Herold Corporation
  • Stevens, Harry
  • Stirling, Matt and Marion
1 35 General T-V, circa 1920-1957
  • Taber-Prang Co.
  • Taylor, Cecilia E and H. Peach
  • Thomas, Virginia
  • Tillon, Edith
  • Tompkins, V.
  • Treasury Department, Section of Painting and Sculpture
  • Tremaine, Mr. and Mrs. Burton
  • Trujillo, Mrs. M. H.
  • Tucker, Patricia
  • Tyler, Flora C.
  • Tyler, Gertrude
  • Voorhees, Aimée
1 36 Wiggins, Guy, circa 1930s
1 37 General W-Z, circa 1920-1957
  • W., Jess
  • Washburn, Tahoe and Linc
  • Watson, Mr. and Mrs. Edwin
  • Watson, Elmo Scott
  • Weems, Carrington
  • Wellcome, Sir Henry
  • White, Catherine F.
  • White, Peter
  • Whitney, Carol
  • Women's Day
  • Zeusler
1 38 Unidentified, before 1957

2.2: Chronological Correspondence, circa 1917-1959

Found in this subseries are letters to and from Kihn that document his career as an artist, illustrator, teacher, and writer. Scattered through out are personal correspondence, including letters addressed to his wife Helen from their mutual friends. There is also a cache of third party correspondence addressed to Marius Barbeau, a Canadian ethnologist who was a colleague and friend of Kihn's.

The earliest correspondence includes letters from his parents, particularly his father Alfred Kihn, who also trained as an artist and founded a steel engraving firm with his brother that specialized in bank note engraving. Kihn senior not only wrote proffering career advice, but also corresponded with his son's business and personal associates while Langdon Kihn was on extended trips. There are also letters from W. Langdon Kihn to his parents describing his trips, including his impressions of San Francisco, Glacier Park, experiences painting Indian portraits, as well as his 1929-1932 sojourn painting in Paris and Spain. These early letters also record exhibitions, primarily a traveling exhibition of his portraits of members of the Blackfeet Indian tribe, which was organized by the Brooklyn Museum of Art and traveled to over 40 institutions in the United States.

Letters to and from authors, publishers, advertisers, and collectors comprise a large amount of correspondence from late 1920s to the mid 1930s, which document his efforts at securing commissions for commercial work. During this time he also began to submit articles about his work and travels. Correspondents include the author Constance Lindsay Skinner; publishers Macmillan and Company; Little, Brown, and Company; Harcourt Brace and Company; and magazines including, Fortune and Story Parade.

The bulk of the chronological correspondence records his association with the National Geographic magazine, spanning from 1935-1955. The National Geographic Society commissioned Kihn to paint historical and contemporary scenes of the lives of over 35 tribal nations from the continental United States, Alaska, and the Northwest Territories. Engraved illustrations of his paintings were published in the magazine's ongoing series on American Indians between 1937 and 1949. Most of the related correspondence was between Kihn, Franklin L. Fisher, Chief of National Geographic's Illustrated Division and Matthew W. Striling, Chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology at the Smithsonian Institution, who also played an important role in this project.

Letters have been arranged in folders in chronological order. However, there are examples of early correspondence in which the original letter and the later response letter have been glued together. No attempt has been made to separate them and in some cases they may disrupt the chronological arrangement.

See Index to Series 2.2: Chronological Correspondence, circa 1917-1959 for a select list of individuals and organizations represented here.

Box Folder
1 39 Correspondence, 1904-1916
1 40 Correspondence, 1917-1919
1 41 Correspondence, 1920 January-August
1 42 Correspondence, 1920 September-December
1 43 Correspondence, 1921 January-May
1 44 Correspondence, 1921 June-December
1 45 Correspondence, 1922 January-April
1 46 Correspondence, 1922 May
1 47 Correspondence, 1922 June
1 48 Correspondence, 1922 July
1 49 Correspondence, 1922 August
1 50 Correspondence, 1922 September
1 51 Correspondence, 1922 October
1 52 Correspondence, 1922 November-December
1 53 Correspondence, 1923 January-February
Box Folder
2 1 Correspondence, 1923 March-April
2 2 Correspondence, 1923 May-June
2 3 Correspondence, 1923 July-September
2 4 Correspondence, 1923 October-November
2 5 Correspondence, 1923 December
2 6 Correspondence, 1924 January-February
2 7 Correspondence, 1924 March-May
2 8 Correspondence, 1924 June
2 9 Correspondence, 1924 July-August
2 10 Correspondence, 1924 September-October
2 11 Correspondence, 1924 November-December
2 12 Correspondence, 1925 January-February
2 13 Correspondence, 1925 March-May
2 14 Correspondence, 1925 June-December
2 15 Correspondence, 1926 January-April
2 16 Correspondence, 1926 May-June
2 17 Correspondence, 1926 July-August
2 18 Correspondence, 1926 September-October
2 19 Correspondence, 1926 November-December
2 20 Correspondence, 1927 January-April
2 21 Correspondence, 1927 May-December
2 22 Correspondence, 1928 January-March
2 23 Correspondence, 1928 April-December
2 24 Correspondence, 1929 January-May
2 25 Correspondence, 1929 June-December
2 26 Correspondence, 1930 January-February
2 27 Correspondence, 1930 March-April
2 28 Correspondence, 1930 May-August
2 29 Correspondence, 1930 September-December
2 30 Correspondence, 1931 January-July
2 31 Correspondence, 1931 August-December
2 32 Correspondence, 1932 January-June
2 33 Correspondence, 1932 July-December
2 34 Correspondence, 1933 January-June
Box Folder
3 1 Correspondence, 1933 July-December
3 2 Correspondence, 1934 January-August
3 3 Correspondence, 1934 September-December
3 4 Correspondence, 1935 January-April
3 5 Correspondence, 1935 May-September
3 6 Correspondence, 1935 October-December
3 7 Correspondence, 1936 January-February
3 8 Correspondence, 1936 March-July
3 9 Correspondence, 1936 August-December
3 10 Correspondence, circa 1937
3 11 Correspondence, 1937 January-May
3 12 Correspondence, 1937 June-July
3 13 Correspondence, 1937 August-December
3 14 Correspondence, 1938 January-June
3 15 Correspondence, 1938 July-December
3 16 Correspondence, 1939 January-March
3 17 Correspondence, 1939 April-May
3 18 Correspondence, 1939 June-August
3 19 Correspondence, 1939 September-December
3 20 Correspondence, circa 1940 January-April
3 21 Correspondence, 1940 May-December
3 22 Correspondence, circa 1941 January-June
3 23 Correspondence, 1941 July-December
3 24 Correspondence, 1942 January-March
3 25 Correspondence, 1942 April-May
3 26 Correspondence, 1942 June-July
3 27 Correspondence, 1942 August-December
3 28 Correspondence, 1943 January-March
3 29 Correspondence, 1943 April-June
3 30 Correspondence, 1943 July-December
3 31 Correspondence, circa 1944 January-March
3 32 Correspondence, 1944 April-July
3 33 Correspondence, 1944 August-December
Box Folder
4 1 Correspondence, 1944 November-December
4 2 Correspondence, 1945 January
4 3 Correspondence, 1945 February-March
4 4 Correspondence, 1945 April-June
4 5 Correspondence, 1945 July-October
4 6 Correspondence, 1945 November-December
4 7 Correspondence, 1946 January-May
4 8 Correspondence, 1946 June-September
4 9 Correspondence, 1946 October-December
4 10 Correspondence, circa 1947 January-March
4 11 Correspondence, 1947 April-June
4 12 Correspondence, 1947 July-October
4 13 Correspondence, 1947 November-December
4 14 Correspondence, circa 1948 January-February
4 15 Correspondence, 1948 March-April
4 16 Correspondence, 1948 May-August
4 17 Correspondence, 1948 September-December
4 18 Correspondence, 1949 January-April
4 19 Correspondence, 1949 May
4 20 Correspondence, 1949 June-July
4 21 Correspondence, 1949 August-September
4 22 Correspondence, 1949 October
4 23 Correspondence, 1949 November-December
4 24 Correspondence, 1950 January
4 25 Correspondence, 1950 February
4 26 Correspondence, 1950 March
4 27 Correspondence, 1950 April
4 28 Correspondence, 1950 May
4 29 Correspondence, 1950 June-July
4 30 Correspondence, 1950 August
4 31 Correspondence, 1950 September-October
4 32 Correspondence, 1950 November
4 33 Correspondence, 1950 December
4 34 Correspondence, 1951 January-February
4 35 Correspondence, 1951 March-April
4 36 Correspondence, 1951 May-June
4 37 Correspondence, 1951 July-August
4 38 Correspondence, 1951 September-October
4 39 Correspondence, 1951 November-December
4 40 Correspondence, 1952 January-May
4 41 Correspondence, 1952 June-December
Box Folder
5 1 Correspondence, 1953 January-February
5 2 Correspondence, 1953 March-December
5 3 Correspondence, 1954 January-June
5 4 Correspondence, 1954 July-December
5 5 Correspondence, 1955
5 6 Correspondence, 1956-1959

Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1920-1990
(Boxes 5-6; 1.0 linear feet)

This series includes manuscripts and typescripts of articles, poems, lectures and other writings by W. Langdon Kihn and others. More detailed description is provided at the subseries level.

The Writings and Notes series is arranged into 2 subseries:

3.1: Writings and Notes by Kihn, circa 1920-1990

Writings by Kihn include his travel diary, memoir, and typescripts, manuscripts and drafts of published and unpublished articles on amateur painters, his travels documenting various North American tribal cultures and his sojourn painting in Spain. This subseries also includes Kihn's notebooks and loose field notes from his travels, and notes on the National Geographic Indians of America series.

Additional illustrated field notes *can be found in the Sketchbooks and Sketches series.

Materials in this series have been arranged first by format, then alphabetically by title.

Box Folder
5 7 Travel Diary, circa 1924-1925
5 8 Aleutian Exodus, 1942
5 9 The Amateur Painter, circa 1940-1950
5 10 American Aborigine, 1924
5 11 American Renaissance, circa 1950-1957
5 12 Amerindians, circa 1920-1957
5 13 An Artist among the Indians, 1926
5 14 Artist and Advertiser, circa 1925-1957
5 15 Eastern Woodland, circa 1937-1951
5 16 The Gitksan on the Skeena, 1925
5 17 The Horse Dance, circa 1920-1957
5 18 Indians, Generally Speaking, circa 1920-1957
5 19 Indians of the Plains, circa 1937-1951
5 20 Legend Concerning Pictographs on the Kootenay Lake, 1922
5 21 Little Chief, circa 1920-1957
5 22 The Little Lhasa of America: The Forbidden Village, circa 1924-1957
5 23 Memoirs (Manuscript), circa 1950s
5 24 Memoirs (Typescript), 1990
5 25-26 Narrative of North American Indians, 1941, 1954
(2 folders)
5 27 National Geographic on Indians of the Americas, probably 1951
5 28 Northwest Indian Series Captions, probably 1947
5 29-30 The Northwest Pacific Coast, circa 1951
(2 folders)
5 31 A Palette from Spain, probably 1936
5 32 Phantoms Ride, circa 1920-1957
5 33-34 The Sun Dance, circa 1954
(2 folders)
5 35 Sunday Painting, 1949
5 36 They Couldn't Paint in a Straight Line, 1945
5 37 Vacationing in Art, circa 1932-1957
5 38 Who Said You Couldn't Paint?, 1946
5 39-43 Untitled and Incomplete Manuscripts and Typescripts, circa 1920-1957
(5 folders)
5 44-45 Notebooks, circa 1940s
(2 folders)
5 46 Notes on Kihn Exhibition at the American Museum of Natural History, probably 1952
5 47-49 Notes, circa 1920-1957
(3 folders)
Box Folder
6 1-2 Notes, circa 1920-1957
(2 folders)
6 3 Notes, 1944, 1947

3.2: Writings by Others, circa 1920-1990

This series includes typescripts of poems, lectures, and writings by Agnes Akin Atkinson, C. Marius Barbeau, Lena Becker Scott, Constance Lindsay Skinner and others.

Folders in this series are arranged alphabetically by author. Typescripts without identifiable authors have been compiled in a folder titled "Unidentified Authors," which is located at the end of this subseries.

Box Folder
6 4 Atkinson, Agnes Akin - The Fearless One, circa 1930-1957
6 5 Barbeau, Marius, circa 1924-1925
6 6 Authors B-W, circa 1920-1957
6 7 Skinner, Constance Lindsay - Jaguar of San Cristobal, 1927
6 8-9 Scott, Lena Becker - Dawn Boy of the Pueblos, probably 1935
(2 folders)
6 10 Unidentified Authors, 1932

Series 4: Printed Material, circa 1920-1957
(Boxes 6-8, OV 10; 2.2 linear feet)

Items in this series document Kihn's life and work though exhibition announcements, catalogs, invitations, annual reports, course lists, book covers, publication announcements, brochures, travel related materials, ephemera, newspaper clippings, and magazines that contain articles about Kihn or examples of his work. There are also extensive examples of Kihn's work as an illustrator including proofs of his illustrations for the books Beaver, Kings, and Cabins (1933) by Constance Lindsay Skinner and Dawn Boy of the Pueblos (1935) by Laura Becker Scott, among others. Additionally there are proofs of plates, engraved after Kihn's original paintings and drawings, for the National Geographic magazines ongoing series on North American Indian life and history.

Printed materials are arranged by format type.

Box Folder
6 11 Exhibition Announcements, Catalogs, and Invitations-Kihn, circa 1922
6 12 Exhibition Announcements, Catalogs, and Invitations-Kihn, 1923
6 13 Exhibition Announcements, Catalogs, and Invitations-Kihn, 1924-1927
6 14 Exhibition Announcements, Catalogs, and Invitations-Kihn, 1927-1929
6 15 Exhibition Announcements, Catalogs, and Invitations-Kihn, 1930-1948
6 16 Exhibition Announcements, Catalogs, and Invitations-Kihn, 1949-1957
6 17 Exhibition Announcements, Catalogs, and Invitations-Kihn, undated
6 18 Exhibition Announcements, Catalogs, and Invitations-General, 1922, 1924
6 19 Exhibition Announcements, Catalogs, and Invitations-General, circa 1925-1954
6 20 Exhibition Press Releases, circa 1922-1956
6 21 Ephemera, Brochures, and Publications-Annual Reports, circa 1926-1954
6 22 Ephemera, Brochures, and Publications-Art Schools and College Course Lists, circa 1921-1956
6 23 Ephemera, Brochures, and Publications-Book Covers and Publication Announcements, circa 1925-1957
6 24 Ephemera, Brochures, and Publications-Buffalo, New York Trip, 1953
6 25 Ephemera, Brochures, and Publications-Connecticut Forest and Park Association, circa 1938-1956
6 26 Ephemera, Brochures, and Publications-Event Programs and Promotional Brochures, circa 1920-1957
6 27 Ephemera, Brochures, and Publications-The Explorers Club, 1932-1950
6 28 Ephemera, Brochures, and Publications-Travel, circa 1929-1957
6 29 Ephemera, Brochures, and Publications-General, circa 1920-1957
Box Folder
7 1 Illustrations for Beaver, Kings and Cabins, circa 1933
7 2 Illustrations for The Big Canoe, circa 1933
7 3 Illustrations for Dawn Boy, circa 1935
7 4 Illustrations for Desert Wife, circa 1934
7 5 Unidentified Illustrations, circa 1930s
(see also OV 10)
7 6-7 Proofs of Northeastern Woodland Indians, 1937
(2 folders)
7 8 Proofs of Indians of the Southwest, circa 1938
7 9 Plates of Indians of the Southwest, circa 1938
7 10 Proofs of The Plains Indians, circa 1941
7 11 Proofs of Totem Pole Indians of the Pacific Northwest, circa 1944
7 12 Proofs of Southeastern Indians, circa 1945
7 13 Proofs of Aborigines of the Far North, circa 1948
7 14-15 Proofs of Indians of the Americas, circa 1955
(2 folders)
7 16 Proofs and Dummies for National Geographic and As in the Days of Adam, 1949, 1952
7 17 Unidentified Proofs, circa 1950s
7 18 Printed Reproductions of Kihn's Art (examples of commercial work), circa 1924-1957
7 19 Newspaper Clippings Scrapbook, 1913-1923
(unbound scrapbook)
7 20 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1921-1922
7 21 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1923-1924
7 22 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1925
7 23 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1926-1928
7 24 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1929
7 25 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1930-1932
7 26 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1933
7 27 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1934-1935
7 28 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1936-1938
7 29 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1941-1947
7 30 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1948-1949
7 31 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1950-1951
7 32 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1952-1954
7 33 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, undated
7 34 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings - General, 1920-1950
7 35 Magazines and Journals, 1907, 1921-1922
7 36 Magazines and Journals, 1923
7 37 Magazines and Journals, 1924
Box Folder
8 1-2 Magazines and Journals, 1925
(2 folders; see also OV 10)
8 3 Magazines and Journals, 1926-1927
8 4 Magazines and Journals, 1928
8 5 Magazines and Journals, 1929-1932
8 6 Magazines and Journals, 1933-1935
8 7 Magazines and Journals, 1936
8 8 Magazines and Journals, 1938-1939
8 9 Magazines and Journals, 1940-1947
8 10 Magazines and Journals, 1950
8 11 Magazines and Journals, 1951-1952
Box
OV 10 Oversize, Book Illustrations, circa 1930s
(See also Box 7, F5)
OV 10 Oversize, Magazine, 1925
(See also Box 8, F1-2)

Series 5: Financial Records, 1920-1955
(Box 8; 0.3 linear feet)

Found in this series are account books, invoices and receipts, including work related documents such as receipts for photographs of his work, shipping, picture framing, art supplies, travel related expenses; gallery invoices of paintings received; and payment invoices for illustrations and gallery sales. There are also receipts for household expenses.

Financial records are arranged by format and then chronologically by year.

Box Folder
8 12 Account Book for the Guy Wiggins-W. Langdon Kihn Art School, 1949-1951
8 13 Expense Account Books, circa 1938-1950
8 14 Invoices and Receipts, 1920-1922
8 15 Invoices and Receipts, 1923
8 16 Invoices and Receipts, 1924-1925
8 17 Invoices and Receipts, 1926
8 18 Invoices and Receipts, 1927-1928
8 19 Invoices and Receipts, 1929
8 20 Invoices and Receipts, 1930
8 21 Invoices and Receipts, 1931-1933
8 22 Invoices and Receipts, 1934-1939
8 23 Invoices and Receipts, 1940-1944
8 24 Invoices and Receipts, 1945-1946
8 25 Invoices and Receipts, 1946-1947
8 26 Invoices and Receipts, 1949
8 27 Invoices and Receipts, 1950-1955
8 28 Invoices and Receipts, undated

Series 6: Sketchbooks and Sketches, circa 1922-1955
(Box 8-9, OV 10; 0.5 linear feet

Items in this series include illustrated field notes, ink studies for book and magazine illustrations, studies for federal art projects such as paintings for the Nathan Hale Library in Connecticut, three sketchbooks and loose sketches from Kihn's travels observing North American Indian tribal culture and a study and finished sign for the "Langdon Kihn Art Classes." There is also a folder of work by other artists.

Sketchbooks and sketches have been roughly grouped together by type and subject.

Box Folder
8 29 Sketchbook, circa 1940s
8 30 Sketchbook, undated
8 31 "Plains Notes" Sketchbook, 1940
8 32 Sketches of Landscapes and Birds, undated
8 33-35 Sketches and Illustrated Field Notes on American Indians, circa 1922-1947
(3 folders; see OV 10 for oversized items)
8 36 Sketches and Studies for Nathan Hale School, Rathbun Library, etc., circa 1930s
8 37 Sketches of British Columbia and Southwest, circa 1935-1945
Box Folder
9 1 Sketches (Southwest?), circa 1930s
9 2 Sketches - General, circa 1930-1955
9 3 Studies on Board, circa 1930-1955
(3 studies on brittle acidic board)
9 4 "Langdon Kihn Art Classes" Sign, circa 1932-1948
(painted proof and printed sign)
9 5 Studies for Book Illustrations for Dawn Boy of the Puebloes, circa 1935
9 6 Studies and Ink Drawings for Book Illustrations for Desert Wife, circa 1934
9 7 Studies and Ink Drawings for Book Illustrations for Flat Tail, circa 1935
9 8 Studies for Book Illustrations for Trail of the Borealis, circa 1934
9 9 Studies and Ink Drawings for Book Illustrations for The Wolf Gang, circa 1935
9 10 Ink Drawings for Illustrations for Story Parade and Other Projects, circa 1935-1945
9 11 Sketches and Artworks by Others, undated
Box
OV 10 Oversize, Sketches and Illustrated Field Notes, undated
(Oversized items from Box 8, F 33-35)

Series 7: Photographs, circa 1920-1955

This series includes photographs of Kihn at work, alone, and with others; source photographs used by Kihn; and photographs of his paintings and drawings.

Photographs have been grouped together by subject.

Box Folder
9 12 W. Langdon Kihn and Others, circa 1920-1955
9 13 Source Photographs used by Kihn, circa 1935-1947
9 14-16 Reproductions of Artworks, circa 1920-1955
(3 folders)