A Finding Aid to the Thomas Carr Howe papers,
1932-1984, in the Archives of American Art, by Rihoko Ueno
Funding for the processing of this collection was provided by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation.
Table of Contents:
- Biographical Information
- Overview of the Collection
- How to Use the Collection
- Detailed Description and Container Inventory
Thomas Carr Howe, Jr. (1904-1994) served as the director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco for nearly four decades and, during World War II, as an officer in the U.S. Army's Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives unit assisting with locating, recovering, and restituting cultural objects and artwork stolen by the Nazis.
Howe was born in Kokomo, Indiana in 1904. He studied at Harvard University where he received his bachelor's and master's degrees. Howe was the assistant director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco from 1931-1939 and director from 1939-1968. Howe was also the art commissioner for the San Francisco Golden Gate International Exposition (1939-1940) for which he organized an exhibition showcasing Mexican muralists.
During World War II, Howe joined the U.S. army and served from 1945 to 1946 in Germany and Austria. He began as a naval lieutenant but was soon assigned to serve in the Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives (MFAA) section. Howe reported to Lieutenant Commander George Stout at Wiesbaden, and was later promoted to Lieutenant Commander and Deputy Chief of the MFAA at Frankfurt. During his service as one of the "Monuments Men" Howe located hidden and recovered large repositories of cultural objects and works of art stolen by the Nazis. He also helped with the restitution effort. At the Altaussee salt mines in Austria, Howe helped salvage a large cache of stolen artwork that included Michelangelo's Madonna and Child and the Ghent Altarpiece or The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb by Hubert and Jan van Eyck, Vermeer's The Artists Studio, and the Rothschild family jewels. Howe later described his wartime work in his book Salt Mines and Castles: The Discovery and Restitution of Looted European Art (1946).
Howe resumed his position as the director of the California Palace of the Legion on Honor after the war, a position he held until his retirement in 1968. Through his career as a prominent art director, Howe was close with many American and international museum professionals, collectors and socialites. Friends and colleagues include Agnes Mongan and Paul Sachs (both former directors of Harvard's Fogg Museum), Whitney Warren, and Gerda and Hans-Erich Von Schmidt auf Altenstadt.
For his wartime service as a Monuments Men, Howe was honored with the Chevalier of the French Legion of Honor and the Officier of the Dutch Order of Orange-Nassau in 1946. At the request of the federal government, Howe also later served as the Cultural Affairs Advisor to the High Commissioner of Germany from 1950-1951, during which time he returned to Germany with S. Lane Faison, another MFAA official, to assist with closing the central collecting points where the recovered artworks has been held for restitution. From 1960-1968, Howe was a member of the Fine Arts Committee for The White House and he continued to serve on numerous panels and commissions as an art advisor.
Howe married Francesca Deering. Together they had one daughter Francesca.
Overview of the Collection
Scope and Contents
The papers of Thomas Carr Howe, Jr. measure 4.2 linear feet and date from 1932 to 1984. Howe was director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco for nearly 40 years and during World War II served as one of the Monuments Men in the Monuments, Fine Art and Archives (MFAA) Section of the U.S. Army. The collection contains substantial documentation of Howe's MFAA work in Germany and Austria locating and recovering cultural objects and works of art stolen and hid by the Nazis. There is significant correspondence with friends and colleagues, including Monuments Men S. Lane Faison, Edith Standen, and George Stout. The papers also contain numerous snapshots and annotated photographs documenting recovery, reports, inventories of stolen artwork, maps, a scrapbook, and additional correspondence from the period following the war when Howe served as the Cultural Advisor to the U.S. High Commissioner of Germany. The papers also document Howe's later work at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, but to a lesser degree.
Biographical materials include articles and memorial tributes for Howe's father and grandfather, a short autobiography and resume, and the certificate for the copyright to his book.
The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, the most voluminous of which are letters from Monuments Men S. Lane Faison, Patrick J. Kelleher, Andrew C. Ritchie, Edith Standen, George Stout, Marcelle Minet, Rose Valland, James Rorimer, and others. Additional correspondents include friends and colleagues such as Bernard Berenson, Hume Cronyn, Paul Mills, Christopher Forbes, Margaret Mallory, William A. McGonagle, and Otto Wittman, among many others
Writings include a brief summary of Howe's book Salt Mines and Castles and a sound cassette of his lecture about the book. Project, membership and travel files are primarily associated with his professional work at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor and include documentation of member art trips, a feasibility study for merging the California Palace of the Legion of Honor with the M. H. de Young Memorial Museum, and a membership list of the Bohemian Club.
The Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives (MFAA) Records and Looted Inventories series contain many records relating to Howe's military service as a Monuments Man. There are several inventory records which contain lists of the contents of Hermann Göring's collection of looted artwork, artwork destroyed in the Flak towers fire in Berlin, and artwork held at several of the central collecting points, though mostly at Weisbaden. There is also a small fold out map of the Altausse salt mines; a U.S. government issued manual of maps marking important cultural monuments and artwork in Germany; a book of U.S. government regulations pertaining to the MFAA section; a government information bulletin; and several official status reports and published U.S. government reports about art looting investigations and safeguarding cultural property.
Professional files consist of papers relating to Howe's job as the director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor and art trips he organized. Documents include a survey of Los Angeles museum curator salaries, a questionnaire about Howe's work as a museum director, and a membership list of Bohemian Club artists. The bulk of the travel papers are itineraries.
The photographs are divided into two subseries: Monuments Men related images and personal photographs. The Monuments Men subseries includes black and white photographs documenting bomb damage to cultural monuments in France and Germany; U.S. soldiers transporting recovered artwork such as Michelangelo's Madonna and Child from the Altaussee salt mines in Austria, Neuschwanstein Castle and Berchtesgaden in Germany, along with other locations of looted art repositories; Weisbaden and Munich collecting points; and documentation of recovered art such as The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb by Hubert and Jan van Eyck as well as Antonio Canova's La musa Polyhymnia. There are many photographs of the Monuments Men including Thomas Carr Howe, George Stout, Stephen Kovalyak, Lamont Moore, Walker Hancock, Patrick J. Kelleher, Edith Standen and Rose Valland. Personal photographs consists of portraits of Howe and many photographs of events, mostly formal dinners and parties.
Printed materials are clippings, postcards, fundraising pamphlets, essays, and memorial tributes for colleagues.
Arrangement and Series Description
The collection is arranged as 10 series:
- Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1934-1955, 1974 (Box 1; 6 folders)
- Series 2: Correspondence, 1932-1984 (Box 1-3; 2.1 linear feet)
- Series 3: Writings, circa 1946 (Box 3; 2 folders)
- Series 4: Professional Files, circa 1945, 1947, 1966-1975 (Box 3, 6; 0.3 linear feet folders)
- Series 5: Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Records and Looted Inventories, circa 1942-1950 (Box 3, 6, OV 7; 0.3 linear feet)
- Series 6: Photographs, 1938, 1940, 1944-1970 (Box 3-4, 6; 1 linear feet)
- Series 7: Scrapbook, 1936-1948 (Box 4; 0.1 linear feet)
- Series 8: Printed Materials, 1934-1980 (Box 5; 0.4 linear feet)
Subjects and Names
This collection is indexed in the online catalog of the Archives of American Art under the following terms:
- Göring, Hermann, 1893-1946
- Hancock, Walker Kirtland, 1901-
- Moore, Lamont
- Allied Forces.--Supreme Headquarters.--Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section
- Bohemian Club (San Francisco, Calif.)
- California Palace of the Legion of Honor
- M.H. De Young Memorial Museum
- United States.--Army.--Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section
- Arts administrators--California--San Francisco
- Art thefts--Germany--History--20th century
- Art treasures in war--France
- Art treasures in war--Germany
- Cultural property--Protection--Europe--History--20th century
- Museum directors--California--San Francisco
- World War, 1939-1945--Art and the war
- World War, 1939-1945--Confiscations and contributions--Germany
- World War, 1939-1945--Destruction and pillage--Europe
Types of Materials:
- Sound recordings
- Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959
- Cronyn, Hume
- Faison, S. Lane (Samson Lane), 1907-2006
- Kelleher, Patrick J. (Patrick Joseph), 1917-
- Mallory, Margaret, 1911-1998
- Mills, Paul Chadbourne, 1924-
- Ritchie, Andrew Carnduff
- Rorimer, James J. (James Joseph), 1905-1966
- Standen, Edith Appleton
- Stout, George L. (George Leslie)
- Valland, Rose
- Wittmann, Otto, 1911-2001
Thomas Carr Howe donated his papers to the Archives of American Art in multiple installments from 1979 to 1982.
Separated and Related Materials
Among the holdings of the Archives of American are the papers of several additional members of the U. S. Army MFAA section. There is an oral history interview with Thomas Carr Howe and Robert Neuhaus conducted by Paul Karlstrom and Peter Fairbanks on September 26, 1987 and another with Howe conducted by Paul Karlstrom on June 2-3, 1976.
How the Collection was Processed
This collection was fully processed by Rihoko Ueno in May 2012 with funding provided by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation.
How to Use the Collection
Restrictions on Use
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Ownership & Literary Rights
The Thomas Carr Howe papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
How to Cite this Collection
Thomas Carr Howe papers, 1932-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Detailed Description and Container Inventory
Biographical Materials, 1934-1955, 1974
(Box 1; 6 folders)
This series includes a short autobiographical sketch that Howe wrote when he was 30; obituaries and news clippings for Howe's father Thomas Carr Howe; a scholarship announcement with congratulations; the copyright certificate for Salt Mines and Castles; and an article about Addison F. Armstrong, Howe's maternal grandfather; and a resume.
|1||1||Autobiographical Sketch, 1934|
|1||2||Dr. Thomas Carr Howe, Sr., Obituaries and News Clippings, 1934-1938|
|1||3||Scholarship Announcement and Congratulations, 1938|
|1||4||Copyright Certificate, 1946, 1952|
|1||5||Addison F. Armstrong Article, 1955|
(Box 1-3; 2.1 linear feet)
This series contains personal and professional correspondence. Howe wrote brief descriptions identifying the correspondent, such as the person's job or relationship, on many of the letters. Correspondence with individuals who wrote infrequently is arranged chronologically. Correspondence with friends and colleagues, as well as letters written by prominent figures in the art world, such as artists and historians, are separated and arranged alphabetically. Also found here is correspondence from his post-war work as the Cultural Affairs Advisor to the U.S. High Commissioner of Germany.
The series is arranged as 3 subseries:
- Subseries 2.1: Chronological Correspondence, 1932-1942, 1946-1953, 1957-1984
- Subseries 2.2: Cultural Affairs Advisor, 1948-1952
- Subseries 2.3: Alphabetical Correspondence, 1933-1983
2.1: Chronological Correspondence, 1932-1984
This subseries consists of personal and professional letters between Howe and his friends and colleagues. Correspondents include the Director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art Francis Henry Taylor, Baroness Phillippe de Rothschild, and Chairman of the Smithsonian Art Commission Charles H. Sawyer.
Due to the small number of letters from these individuals, separate folders were not created for each person and the letters were left in the chronological order in which they were found.
The letters are arranged chronologically, then alphabetically by correspondent within each year.
|1||28||A-Z, 1980, 1983-1984|
2.2: Cultural Affairs Advisor to the U.S. High Commissioner of Germany, 1948-1952
After World War II, the U.S. State Department requested Howe to take a leave of absence as art director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in order to continue the recovery and repatriation of looted artworks in Europe. These letters are from Howe's time as the Cultural Affairs Advisor to the U.S. High Commissioner of Germany which represented the U.S. Government in Germany with regards to economic affairs.
Howe and fellow Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives officer S. Lane Faison directed the closing of the Collecting Points for the recovered artworks. The letters in this subseries are professional letters dealing with Howe's responsibilities. The letters often include attachments of memorandums and reports.
|1||29||Cultural Affairs Advisor, 1949 June-1950 December|
|1||30||Cultural Affairs Advisor, 1951 January-March|
|1||31||Cultural Affairs Advisor, 1951 June-July|
|1||32||Cultural Affairs Advisor, 1951 April-May|
|1||33||Cultural Affairs Advisor, 1951 August-1952|
|1||34||Cultural Affairs Advisor Miscellaneous, circa 1948-1951|
2.3: Alphabetical Correspondence, 1933-1983
This subseries includes the letters of Howe's friends, colleagues, fellow Monuments Men, and two relatives (his sister and cousin). Among the Monuments Men correspondents are: S. Lane Faison, P.J. Kelleher, Lamont Moore, Andrew C. Ritchie, James Rorimer, Edith Standen, George Stout, and Rose Valland. There are also letters from prominent members of the art world such as museum directors, gallery owners, artists, curators and collectors including Bernard Berenson, Hume Cronyn, Christopher Forbes, Paul Mills, Agnes Mongan, Marcelle Minet, Margaret Mallory, William McGonagle, Paul Sachs and Whitney Warren. Howe often wrote comments on the letters identifying the correspondent.
There are also a few folders with professional correspondence related to Howe's job as the director of the Californian Palace of the Legion of Honor and his membership in various arts organizations and committees.
Letters are arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent.
|1||35||Bartlett, Fred, 1965-1969, 1975-1977|
Beaton, Cecil, 1969
(One brief letter.)
|1||37||Berenson, Bernard 1951|
|1||38||Bohemian Club, 1961-1977|
|1||39||California Palace of the Legion of Honor, 1958-1972|
|1||40||Cannon, Ernestine, 1961-1967|
|1||41||Cheek, Leslie, 1958-1975|
|1||42||Citation for the Chevalier of the French Legion of Honor, 1946-1947|
|2||1||Clary, Princess Lidi 1959-1979|
|2||2||Cronyn, Hume, 1975 December|
|2||3||Cunningham, Charles C., 1958-1962, 1971-1975, 1979|
|2||4||Curtis, Charles and Margaret, 1958-1965|
|2||5||Dayton, Alan W., 1958, 1963-1969|
|2||6||de Vries, A. B., 1960-1979|
|2||7||Faison, S. Lane, 1949-1960|
|2||8||Faison, S. Lane, 1961-1979|
|2||9||Feray, Jean, 1973-1975|
|2||10||Fine Arts Committee for the White House, 1961-1962|
|2||11||Forbes, Christopher, 1975|
|2||12||Foster, James W., 1961-1973|
|2||13||Grier, Harry D. M., 1946-1947, 1964-1966|
|2||14||Heinrich, Theodore A., 1946-1952, 1962-1966, 1979|
Hesse: Princess Margaret of Hesse, 1953-1979
(Signs the letters as Peg.)
Howe, Charlotte B., 1951-1953, 1958-1959
(Thomas Carr Howe's sister.)
Howe, Lucia, 1951, 1975
(Thomas Carr Howe's cousin.)
Imperial War Museum, 1947
(Recognition and thanks for copy of
|2||19||Kelleher, Patrick Joe, 1946-1953, 1970-1977|
Kennedy, John F., 1961
|2||21||Kirstein, Lincoln, 1946-1948, 1975|
|2||22||Kovalyak, Stephen, 1949-1950, 1958-1961, 1975|
LaFarge, Bancel, 1946
|2||24||Lazard, Esther, 1950-1975|
|2||25||Lesley, Everett Parker, 1946|
|2||26||Loudon, John and Mary, 1958-1971|
|2||27||Mallory, Margaret, 1960-1983|
|2||28||Malone, Lee, 1958, 1960|
|2||29||McBaine, Jane Neylan, 1958-1975|
|2||30||McGonagle, William A., 1966-1977|
|2||31||McIlhenny, Henry, 1951-1952, 1963-1979|
|2||32||Mifflin, John, 1958-1979|
|2||33||Mills, Paul C., 1975|
|2||34||Minet, Marcelle, 1947-1979|
|2||35||Minis, A., Jr., 1967, 1975, 1979|
|2||36||Mognan, Agnes, 1933-1939, 1951-1979|
|2||37||Moore, Lamont, 1946-1947, 1965, 1975, 1979|
|2||38||Morley, Grace, 1958-1971|
|2||39||Nipper, Clara, 1951|
|2||40||Pleydell-Bouverie, David, 1951-1970|
|2||41||Post, Jimmy J., 1958, 1971, 1975|
Ranneft, J. E. Meijer, 1946
(Letter referencing Howe's Officer in the Order of Orange-Nassau award.)
|2||43||Rathbone, Perry T., 1961-1978|
Reagan, Ronald, 1970, 1973
|2||45||Ritchie, Andrew and Jane, 1950-1979|
|2||46||Roberts, Isabel and Laurance, 1953-1979|
|2||47||Rorimer, James, 1945-1946|
|2||48||Sachs, Paul, 1934-1950, 1963-1971|
|2||49||Smith, Howard Ross, 1958-1975|
|2||50||Smyth, Craig Hugh, 1946-1977|
|2||51||Spreckels, Adolph B., 1935, 1949-1953, 1963-1968|
|2||52||Sullivan, Mary, 1933-1935|
|2||53||Standen, Elizabeth, 1946-1952, 1979|
|2||54||Stout, George, 1946, 1961-1977|
|2||55||Valland, Rose, 1960-1961|
|2||56||von Schimdt, J.E.G. ("Hans-Erich") and Gerda, 1951-1952|
|2||57||von Schimdt, J.E.G. ("Hans-Erich") and Gerda, 1953-1979|
|3||1||Warburg, Edward M. M. and Mary, 1933-1937, 1949-1978|
|3||2||Warren, Whitney, 1952-1978|
|3||3||White, Ian McKibben, 1966-1977|
|3||4||Witt, Sir John, 1932-1934, 1948, 1958-1978|
|3||5||Wittman, Otto, 1966-1978|
|3||6||Unidentified Correspondents, 1950-1975|
Writings, circa 1946
(Box 3; 2 folders)
This series includes a short summary by Howe of Salt Mines and Castles: Postwar Recovery of Looted Masterpieces and a cassette tape of a question and answer session with Howe about the book.
|3||7||Salt Mines and Castles Summary, 1946|
Sound Cassette of Salt Mines and Castles Lecture, circa 1946
Professional Files, circa 1945, 1947, 1966-1975
(Box 3, 6; 0.3 linear feet folders)
Scattered professional files document some of Howe's work as the Director of the California Palace of the Legion of Honor and a few international art tours he organized. A few trips were organized in conjunction with the California Palace of the Legion of Honor and others were sponsored by the Museum Society, presumably the De Young Museum Society of San Francisco. Most of the records are copies of itineraries.
This series also includes a survey of Los Angeles museum curator Salaries which Howe used to request a raise for his art director position at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor (CPLH); a membership list of Bohemian Club artists; and a Municipal Executive Employees Standardization Committee questionnaire about Howe's responsibilities as the CPLH director.
|3||9||Survey of Los Angeles Museum Curator Salaries, circa 1945|
|3||10||Municipal Executive Employees Association Standardization Committee Questionnaire, 1947|
|3||11||Baroque Tour, 1966|
|3||12||Zurich-Vienna Museum Trip, circa 1968|
|3||13||Bohemian Club Artists Membership List, 1968|
|3||14||Study for M.H. de Young Memorial Museum and California Palace of the Legion of Honor Merger, 1969|
|3||15||Museum Trip to Holland and Belgium, 1969, 1975|
|3||16||Austria and Munich Trip, circa 1970|
|3||17||Belgian-Dutch Museum Trip, 1970|
Museum Trip to France, circa 1974
(Oversized material housed in box 6, folder 1)
|3||19||Germany and Austria Museum Trip, 1975|
Oversize French Magazine, circa 1974
(Oversized magazine from box 3, folder 18)
Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Records and Looted Art Inventories, circa 1942-1950
(Box 3, 6, OV 7; 0.3 linear feet)
This series includes inventories of looted art, official and published reports, and printed materials such as maps, bulletins, and a book of government regulations all related to Howe's work in the Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section.
The series is arranged as 3 subseries:
- Subseries 5.1: Looted Art Inventories, circa 1942-1950
- Subseries 5.2: Reports, 1944-1946, 1949
- Subseries 5.3: Printed Materials, 1944-1945, 1947
5.1: Looted Art Inventories, circa 1942-1950
The subseries contains inventories of artwork from various sources: photostatic copies of German inventories of artwork; inventories of Hermann Göring's Art Collection which includes lists of paintings, sculptures, tapestries, furniture and other valuables found in a building in Unterstein, Germany; inventories and transportation of artwork recovered from Berchtesgaden, Germany and Altaussee, Austria, and other locations; inventories of recovered artwork at Weisbaden (bulk) and Munich Central Collecting Points; and an inventory of artwork lost in the Flak Towers fires in Berlin, Germany.
|3||20||German Inventories of Art, circa 1942-1950|
|3||21||Hermann Göring Art Collection at Unterstein, Germany, circa 1945|
|3||22||Inventory and Transportation of Looted Art from Berchtesgaden, Altausee and Other Repositories, circa 1945|
|3||23||Inventories at Weisbaden and Munich Central Collecting Points, circa 1945-1949|
|3||24||Inventory of Art Lost in Flak Tires Fires, Berlin, 1947|
5.2: Reports, 1944-1946, 1949
These are official reports related to the Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives (MFAA) Section and its responsibilities and findings. There are some official MFAA status reports concerning issues at the Weisbaden Central Collecting Point, but the bulk of the reports are about the MFAA investigation of looted artwork and repatriation efforts after the war.
|3||25||Official Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Status Reports, circa 1944-1946|
|3||26||Art Looting Investigation Unit Final Report, 1946|
|3||27||International Protection of Works of Art and Historic Monuments, 1949|
|3||28||Report on 202 Paintings Belonging to the Berlin Museums in the United States of America, 1949|
|3||29||Constable Report on Military Government and Visual Arts, 1949|
5.3: Printed Materials, 1944-circa 1945, 1947
These records consist of a photocopy of a map of the Altaussee salt mines; a manual of maps showing the locations of various cultural monuments in Germany; a military government information bulletin; and a book of military government regulations applying to the Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives section.
Civil Affairs Handbook: Germany, 1944
(Oversized manual of maps housed in OV 7)
Map of Altaussee Salt Mines, circa 1945
(Oversized map housed in Box 6, folder 2)
|3||32||Military Government Weekly Information Bulletin, 1945|
|3||33||Military Government Regulations: Title 18: Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives, 1947|
Map of Altaussee Salt Mines, circa 1945
(Oversized map from Box 3, folder 31)
Civil Affairs Handbook: Germany, 1944
(Oversized manual of maps from Box 3, folder 30)
Photographs, 1938, 1940, 1944-1970
(Box 3-4, 6; 1 linear feet)
Found here are photographs documenting Howe's work in the Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section and personal photographs. Many of the photographs have hand-written or typed annotations on the verso, some quite detailed.
The series is arranged as 2 subseries:
- Subseries 6.1: Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section Photographs, 1940, 1944-1949
- Subseries 6.2: Personal Photographs, 1938, 1946-1970
6.1: Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Section Photographs, 1940, 1944-1949
There are numerous photographs documenting damage to monuments in France and Germany during World War II; the discovery of artwork at the Altaussee salt mines in Austria, Berchtesgaden, and the Neuschwanstein castle in Germany; transporting art, including Michelangelo's The Madonna and Child which was stolen from Belgium; storage rooms at Wiesbaden and Munich Central Collecting Points and of the objects relocated there, such as the bust of Nefertiti and the Hungarian Crown Jewels; artworks stolen for Hermann Göring's personal collection; recovered artworks such as Antonio Canova's sculpture La Musa Polyhymnia found at Hohenfurth Monastery, Germany and The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb by Hubert and Jan van Eyck found at Altausee salt mine, Austria; and photos of Han van Meegeren paintings, which Hermann Göring mistook for original paintings by Johannes Vermeer.
Many of the Monuments Men are shown in the photographs including Thomas Carr Howe, George Stout, Stephen Kovalyak, Lamont Moore, Walker Hancock, Patrick J. Kelleher, Edith Standen and Rose Valland.
The photographs are grouped together by subject and arranged chronologically.
|3||34||Hermann Göring and relative, circa 1940|
Art looting in process, circa 1944
Altaussee, Austria: Photographs of landscape and MFAA soldiers transporting recovered art, circa 1945
(Includes photographs of George Stout and Thomas Carr Howe.)
Altaussee, Austria: Michelangelo's Madonna and Child packed and transported by MFAA soldiers, circa 1945
(Includes photographs of Howe, George Stout and Stephen Kovalyak.)
|3||38||Art found at Altaussee, circa 1945|
Berchtesgaden, Germany: MFAA officers on location, circa 1945
(Includes photographs of Howe, Stephen Kovalyak, Lamont Moore, and one image of L. Bancel LaFarge.)
|3||40||Göring Collection Artwork found at Berchtesgaden, Germany, circa 1945|
|3||41||Photographs of Linderhof Palace, Germany, circa 1945|
|3||42||Neuschwanstein, Germany: Photographs of landscape, storage rooms, and MFAA soldiers loading crates of art onto trucks, circa 1945|
|3||43||Monuments in Germany, 1945|
|3||44||Monuments in Germany, circa 1945|
|3||45||Monuments in Germany, circa 1945|
|3||46||Unidentified German Monuments, circa 1945|
|3||47||Monuments in France, circa 1945|
MFAA Officials and the recovery and transportation of art in various locations, circa 1945
(The bulk of the photographs are from the Hohenfurth and Hohenlohe district of Germany. There is one photograph of looted artwork crated in boxes inside the Graslaben salt mines which stored art looted from the Berlin Staatliches Museums. There are also photographs of Howe, Edith Standen, Patrick J. Kelleher, Walker Hancock, Lamont Moore, and George Stout.)
Miscellaneous recovered artwork from various repositories, circa 1945
(These photographs appear to have functioned as art reference. Includes images of
Munich Collection Point, 1945
(Includes 4 photographs showing panels of Hubert and Jan van Eyck's
Wiesbaden Collection Point, 1946, 1949
(Many photographs show Edith Standen and Rose Valland.)
Art at Wiesbaden Collection Point, circa 1946
(Includes photographs of the bust of Nefertiti and the Hungarian Crown Jewels.)
|4||4||Han van Meegeren Paintings, 1947|
6.2: Personal Photographs, 1938, 1946-1970
This series contains portraits of Howe as well as events and parties he attended. Howe appears in the majority of the photographs along with his wife Francesca. Many photographs have annotations on the verso but frequently do not identify the event.
Thomas Carr Howe Portraits, circa 1950
(Oversized photographs housed in box 6, folder 3)
|4||6||10th Anniversary of the United Nations, 1955|
Events and Parties, 1938, 1946-1958
(Oversized photograph housed in box 6, folder 4)
|4||8||Events and Parties, 1959|
|4||9||Events and Parties, 1960-1970|
|4||10||Inaugural Exhibition, "Art Treasures in California," 1969 November 30-1970 January 1, 1969-1970|
|4||11||Miscellaneous Undated Events, circa 1946-1970|
Thomas Carr Howe portraits, circa 1950
(Oversized photographs from box 4, folder 5)
Thomas Carr Howe and Francesca photograph, circa 1950
(Oversized photograph from box 4, folder 7)
(Box 4: 0.1 linear feet)
This scrapbook is filled with news clippings on celebrities, such as Joe Di Maggio, socialites, and various events. The bulk of the clippings appear to be about entertainment and contain jokes, advice columns, and movie advertisements. Only a few articles, largely anecdotal, reference World War II. There is one news clipping with a photo of Howe's wife Francesca.
The scrapbook was dismantled and separated into three folders for preservation purposes.
Dismantled Scrapbook, 1936-1948
Printed Materials, 1934-1980
(Box 5; 0.4 linear feet)
Printed materials includes news clippings and miscellaneous records such as postcards, benefit and fundraising papers, memorial tributes, etc. The news clippings cover topics such as Monuments Men activities and discoveries, art exhibitions, reviews for Salt Mines and Castles, and information about various art dealers and collectors. This series also contains essays, postcards, memorial tributes for colleagues, fundraising information packets, and a file of information on the provenance of a painting.
The news clippings are grouped together chronologically, followed by miscellaneous printed materials.
|5||1||News Clippings, 1934-1941|
|5||2||News Clippings, 1946-1948|
|5||3||News Clippings, 1950-1965|
|5||4||News Clippings, 1966|
|5||5||News Clippings, 1967-1978|
|5||6||Undated News Clippings, circa 1934-1978|
|5||7||Miscellaneous Essays, 1948-1949|
|5||8||Postcards, circa 1949|
|5||9||Art Benefits and Fundraisers, circa 1970-1975|
|5||10||Memorial Tributes, circa 1973|
|5||11||Information about Portrait of a Man by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1980|