Stanley Woodward papers, 1875-1970, (bulk 1905-1970)

A Finding Aid to the Stanley Woodward Papers, 1875-1970, bulk 1905-1970, in the Archives of American Art, by Jean Fitzgerald

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Biographical Information

Stanley Wingate Woodward was born on December 11, 1890, in Malden, Massachusetts, son of Alice E. (Colesworthy) and Frank E. Woodward. He was one of eight children and a twin of Sidney, who later became an art dealer and critic.

In 1909, Woodward graduated from Malden High School and the family moved to Wellesley Hills. He studied at the Eric Pape School of Art, the School of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. He left school to serve in France as a Corporal in the Field Artillery 28th Division during World War I. After the war, he settled in Ogunquit, Maine, and became a free lance illustrator for Collier's and the Christian Science Monitor, where his brother Sidney was art editor.

In 1925, he held his first solo show of marine oils at Casson Galleries, Boston, where his twin brother Sidney was manager. He was encouraged to continue painting the ocean after the entire exhibition sold out.

Woodward married Ruth Brainerd in 1926 and they settled in Newton, Massachusetts, where they were neighbors to a young Bette Davis, who had recently graduated from high school. Woodward maintained contact with the actress for the rest of his life, and through Ms. Davis, he befriended other show business personalities.

During the 1930s, Woodward taught painting at the Woodward Outdoor Painting School of Rockport, Massachusetts, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, at the Ringling School of Art in Sarasota, Florida, and at the Laguna Beach School in California. In 1937, he established his residence and studio in Rockport, Massachusetts.

Woodward served as an Air Corps captain and director of camouflage training at McChord Field in Tacoma, Washington, during World War II. In 1947, he published a book on painting techniques entitled Adventure in Marine Painting. He was also the author of Marine Paintings in Oil and Water Color.

Woodward was a member of the Chicago Society of Etchers, the Concord Art Association, the Print Makers Society of California, the Boston Society of Water Color Painters, Allied Artists of America, the Guild of Boston Artists, the North Shore Art Association, the American Water Color Society, the Grand Central Galleries Association, and the Rockport Art Association. His work is in the collections of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Bowdoin College, Amherst College, Lehigh University, and the Prudential Life Insurance Collection.

Stanley Wingate Woodward died on March 21, 1970 in Gloucester, Massachusetts.

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Overview of the Collection

Scope and Contents

The papers of marine painter, illustrator, writer and art instructor Stanley Woodward date from 1875-1970, bulk 1905-1970, and measure 6.6 linear feet. Found within the papers are biographical materials, artworks, family and personal correspondence, seventeen diaries, notes, notebooks and other writings, business records, a scrapbook and printed material including exhibition announcements and catalogs; and photographs of Woodward, members of his family, friends, and his studio. Files containing letters, clippings, and photographs concern actresses including Janis Carter, Linda Darnell, Bette Davis, and Eleanor Powell. Writings include drafts of Woodward's book Adventure in Marine Painting.

Biographical material includes miscellaneous accounts of Woodward's life, cards and certificates of membership in various organizations including the Massachusetts Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, the Salmagundi Club, and the Academic Artist Association, military records of his service in both World Wars, and scattered artwork. A file concerning Woodward's portrait of Abraham Lincoln contains letters primarily discussing a reproduction of the portrait in The Boston Globe and the painting's eventual sale, in addition to notes, clippings, an ink drawing, and a photographic negative of the drawing.

Correspondence is between various family members, but also includes letters to Woodward from colleagues including Harrison Cady, Eleanor Parke Custis, Ralph Fabri, Chauncey F. Ryder, and Howard E. Smith. There are also scattered letters from other artists including Gifford Beal, Mary Butler, Gordon Grant, Norman Kent, Hobart Nichols, Thornton Oakley, Edmund Tarbell, and Anthony Thieme. Correspondence primarily concern his painting career, and includes lists of art work and financial material.

Artwork consists of a sketchbook and three sketches.

Files concerning actresses reflect Woodward's life-long friendship with former teenaged neighbor Bette Davis, who later introduced Woodward and his art work to her show business friends. The files contain letters, clippings, and photographs of actresses Janis Carter, Linda Darnell, Bette Davis, Laraine Day, Madaline Lee, Ida Lupino, Eleanor Powell, and Alexis Smith.

Seventeen diaries contain relatively detailed daily entries describing Woodward's art-related activities, experiences during World War II, and various travels, including a trip to Los Angeles to be a house guest of Bette Davis and visit her on the set of the motion picture Elizabeth and Essex. The 1905 diary contains photographs of Woodward's school friends.

Notes, notebooks, and writings include lists of art works, exhibition guest books, and miscellaneous writings by Woodward including drafts of his book Adventure in Marine Painting.

Business records include an auction catalog, account books for the sale of Woodward's book and art work, and miscellaneous receipts. Records of art classes taught by Woodward include lists of participants, accounts of fees paid, and printed advertisements.

A scrapbook containing clippings and exhibition announcements and catalogs illustrates Woodward's early interests and art-related activities.

Additional printed material consists of clippings, copies of the U. S. Air Corps Magazine The Rip Chord for which Woodward did the cover illustrations, prospectuses with annotations of titles and prices of art work, exhibition announcements and catalogs, reproductions of art work, a booklet, and brochures for books and for art schools. Miscellaneous printed material includes reproductions of a photograph of Woodward's father, Frank E. Woodward, and a program for an event honoring Dr. T. Tertius Noble.

Photographs are of Woodward, family members, friends connected with the U. S. Army Air Force including Jack Dempsey, Woodward's studio, and art work. Three albums contain photographs of art classes and Woodward painting outdoors at various locations including Laguna Beach and Palm Springs, California, St. Augustine, Florida, and Rockport, Massachusetts. A third album also contains photographs of notable friends including Janis Carter, Jeanne Craine, Bette Davis, Rita Hayworth, and Gary Merrill.

Arrangement and Series Description

The collection is arranged into 10 series. Each series is arranged chronologically.

Subjects and Names

This collection is indexed in the online catalog of the Archives of American Art under the following terms:

Subjects:

  • Carter, Janis, 1921-
  • Craine, Jeanne
  • Darnell, Linda, 1921-1965
  • Davis, Bette, 1908-1989
  • Hayworth, Rita, 1918-1987
  • Merrill, Gary
  • Powell, Eleanor, 1912-1982
  • Salmagundi Sketch Club

Subjects-Topical:

  • Marine painting -- Technique
  • Illustrators -- Massachusetts
  • Marine painters -- Massachusetts
  • Educators -- Massachusetts
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • Artists' studios

Types of Materials:

  • Diaries
  • Writings
  • Scrapbooks
  • Photographs
  • Drawings

Names:

  • Beal, Gifford, 1879-1956
  • Butler, Mary
  • Cady, Harrison, 1877-1970
  • Custis, Eleanor Parke, 1897-1983
  • Davis, Bette, 1908-1989
  • Day, Laraine, 1920-2007
  • Fabri, Ralph, 1894-
  • Grant, Gordon, 1875-1962
  • Kent, Norman, 1903-1972
  • Lee, Madaline
  • Lupino, Ida, 1918-1995
  • Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962
  • Oakley, Thornton, 1881-1953
  • Ryder, Chauncey F., 1868-1949
  • Smith, Alexis, 1921-1993
  • Smith, Howard --(Howard Everett), 1885-1970
  • Tarbell, Edmund Charles, 1862-1938
  • Thieme, Anthony, 1888-1954

Provenance

The Stanley Woodward papers were donated in two installments in 1973 by Stanley Woodward's daughter, Patricia Woodward Smith.

How the Collection was Processed

The Stanley Woodward papers were processed in November 2007 by Jean Fitzgerald.


How to Use the Collection

Restrictions on Use

The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.

Ownership & Literary Rights

The Stanley Woodward papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.

How to Cite this Collection

Stanley Woodward papers, 1875-1970, bulk 1905-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

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Detailed Description and Container Inventory

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1918-1968
(Boxes 1, 8; 15 folders)

Biographical material includes miscellaneous accounts of Woodward's life, cards and certificates of membership in various organizations including the Massachusetts Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, the Salmagundi Club, and the Academic Artist Association, and military records of his service in both World Wars. Files concerning Woodward's portrait of Abraham Lincoln contain letters primarily discussing a reproduction of the portrait in The Boston Globe and the painting's eventual sale, notes, clippings, an ink drawing, and a photographic negative of the drawing.

Box Folder
1 1 Biographical Accounts, 1941-1960, undated
1 2 Membership Cards and Certificates, 1918-1968
1 3-6 Military Records, 1918-1945
(4 folders)
1 7-12 File Concerning Woodward's Portrait of Abraham Lincoln, 1956-1965
(6 folders; see also Box 8 for oversized)
Box Folder
8 (sol) 9-14 Oversized Ink Drawing of Portrait of Abraham Lincoln, undated

Series 2: Artwork, circa 1920s
(Box 1; 2 folders)

Artwork consists of one sketchbook of pencil drawings and three loose sketches. The loose sketches include a cityscape of Amesterdam; a home in Santa Barbara, California; and a watercolor of Key West, Florida.

Box Folder
1 13 Sketchbook, circa 1920s
1 14 Sketches, circa 1920s

Series 3: Correspondence, 1910-1969
(Boxes 1-3; 2.9 linear feet)

This series consists of correspondence between family members and letters to Woodward primarily concerning his painting career including some lists of art work and some financial material. Correspondents include Harrison Cady, Eleanor Parke Custis, Ralph Fabri, Chauncey F. Ryder, and Howard E. Smith. There are scattered letters from other artists including Gifford Beal, Mary Butler, Gordon Grant, Norman Kent, Hobart Nichols, Thornton Oakley, Edmund Tarbell, and Anthony Thieme.

Box Folder
1 15 Family Correspondence between Stanley and Ruth Woodward, undated
1 16 Family Correspondence from Pat Woodward, undated
1 17 Correspondence between Miscellaneous Family Members, 1936-1938
1 18 Correspondence between Miscellaneous Family Members, 1939
1 19 Correspondence between Miscellaneous Family Members, 1941
1 20-21 Correspondence between Miscellaneous Family Members, 1943
(2 folders)
1 22-27 Correspondence between Miscellaneous Family Members, 1944
(6 folders)
1 28 Correspondence between Miscellaneous Family Members, 1945
1 29 Correspondence between Miscellaneous Family Members, 1949-1953
1 30-31 Letters from Correspondents with Unknown Surnames, undated
(2 folders)
1 32 Letters from Correspondents with Surnames "A-B," undated
1 33 Letters from Correspondents with Surnames "C-F," undated
1 34 Letters from Correspondents with Surnames "G-K," undated
1 35 Letters from Correspondents with Surnames "L-N," undated
1 36 Letters from Correspondents with Surnames "O-R," undated
1 37 Letters from Correspondents with Surnames "S-T," undated
1 38 Letters from Correspondents with Surnames "U-Z," undated
1 39 Letters from Harrison Cady, undated
1 40 Letters from Chauncey F. Ryder, undated
1 41 Letters, 1910-1919
1 42 Letters, 1920-1922
1 43 Letters, 1923-1924
1 44 Letters, 1925-1927
1 45 Letters, 1928-1929
1 46 Letters, 1930-1931
1 47-48 Letters, 1932
(2 folders)
1 49-51 Letters, 1933
(3 folders)
1 52-53 Letters, 1934
(2 folders)
1 54 Letters, 1935
1 55 Letters, 1936
1 56-63 Letters, 1937
(8 folders)
1 64-71 Letters, 1938
(8 folders)
1 72-77 Letters, 1939
(6 folders)
1 78-79 Letters, 1940
(2 folders)
1 80-89 Letters, 1941
(10 folders)
Box Folder
2 1-6 Letters, 1942
(6 folders)
2 7 Letters, 1943
2 8-11 Letters, 1944
(4 folders)
2 12-19 Letters, 1945
(8 folders)
2 20-22 Letters, 1946
(3 folders)
2 23-26 Letters, 1947
(4 folders)
2 27-31 Letters, 1948
(5 folders)
2 32-36 Letters, 1949
(5 folders)
2 37-38 Letters, 1950
(2 folders)
2 39-42 Letters, 1951
(4 folders)
2 43-48 Letters, 1952
(6 folders)
2 49-57 Letters, 1953
(9 folders)
2 58-66 Letters, 1954
(9 folders)
2 67-74 Letters, 1955
(8 folders)
Box Folder
3 1-6 Letters, 1956
(6 folders)
3 7-14 Letters, 1957
(8 folders)
3 15-21 Letters, 1958
(7 folders)
3 22-29 Letters, 1959
(8 folders)
3 30-32 Letters, 1960
(3 folders)
3 33-39 Letters, 1961 (7 folders)
3 40-47 Letters, 1962 (8 folders)
3 48-54 Letters, 1963 (7 folders)
3 55-57 Letters, 1964 (3 folders)
3 58 Letters, 1965
3 59-63 Letters, 1966 (5 folders)
3 64-71 Letters, 1967 (8 folders)
3 72-73 Letters, 1968 (2 folders)
3 74 Letters, 1969

Series 4: Files Concerning Actresses, 1931-1970
(Boxes 4, 8; 0.75 linear feet)

These files contain letters, clippings, and photographs of actresses Janis Carter, Linda Darnell, Bette Davis, Laraine Day, Madaline Lee, Ida Lupino, Eleanor Powell, and Alexis Smith. A neighbor of teen-aged Bette Davis, Woodward maintained contact with her for the rest of his life. Through Ms. Davis, Woodward also befriended other show business personalities.

Box Folder
4 1 Letters from Janis Carter, 1947
4 2 Letters from Janis Carter, 1948
4 3 Letters from Janis Carter, 1949
4 4-5 Letters from Janis Carter, 1950
(2 folders)
4 6 Letters from Janis Carter, 1951
4 7 Letters from Janis Carter, 1952
4 8 Letters from Janis Carter, 1953
4 9 Letters from Janis Carter, 1954-1955
4 10 Letters from Janis Carter, 1956
4 11 Letters from Janis Carter, 1957
4 12 Letters from Janis Carter, 1958
4 13 Letters from Janis Carter, 1959
4 14 Letters from Janis Carter, 1960
4 15 Letters from Janis Carter, 1961
4 16 Letters from Janis Carter, 1962
4 17 Letters from Janis Carter, 1963
4 18 Letters from Janis Carter, 1964-1965
4 19 Letters from Janis Carter, 1966-1968
4 20 Clippings and Photographs of Janis Carter, 1941-1961
4 21 Letters from Linda Darnell, 1952-1957
4 22 Letters from Linda Darnell, 1958
4 23 Letters from Linda Darnell, 1960-1962
4 24 Photographs of Linda Darnell with Woodward, 1952
4 25 Letters from Bette Davis, 1943-1953, undated
4 26 Clippings about Bette Davis, 1931-1970, undated
4 27 Letters from Laraine Day and Clipping about Laraine Day, 1963-1968, undated
4 28 Letters from Madaline Lee (Radio Actress), 1941-1942, undated
4 29 Autographed Picture Postcard from Ida Lupino, 1950
4 30 Letters from Eleanor Powell, 1962-1963, undated
4 31 Letters from Eleanor Powell, 1964-1965
4 32 Letters from Eleanor Powell, 1966-1969
4 33 Letters from Alexis Smith, 1946-1950
Box
8 (sol) Oversized Autographed Photograph of Bette Davis, undated

Series 5: Diaries, 1905-1969
(Boxes 4-5; 10 folders)

Seventeen diaries contain relatively detailed daily entries describing Woodward's art-related activities, experiences during World War II, and travels, including a trip to Los Angeles to visit Bette Davis on the set of the motion picture Elizabeth and Essex. The 1905 diary contains photographs of Woodward's school friends.

Box Folder
4 34 Diary 1 and Diary 2, 1905-1919
4 35 Diary 3 and Diary 4, 1923-1948
4 36 Diary 5 and Diary 6, 1939-1944
4 37 Diary 7, 1949-1951
4 38 Diary 8, 1949-1954
4 39 Diary 9 and Diary 10, 1944-1958
4 40 Diary 11 and Diary 12, 1959-1962
Box Folder
5 1 Diary 13 and Diary 14, 1963-1964
5 2 Diary 15 and Diary 16, 1965-1968
5 3 Diary 17, 1968-1969

Series 6: Notes, Notebooks, and Writings, 1915-1969
(Boxes 5, 8; 21 folders)

This series includes lists of art works, exhibition guest books, and miscellaneous writings by Woodward including drafts of his book Adventure in Marine Painting.

Box Folder
5 4 Notebook Listing Art Work, 1915-1931
5 5-6 Miscellaneous Lists of Art Work, 1933-1969
(2 folders; see also Box 8)
5 7 Exhibition Guest Book, 1948-1958
5 8 Exhibition Guest Book, 1953
5 9 Exhibition Guest Book, 1955-1964
5 10-11 Miscellaneous Notes, 1933-1959, undated
(2 folders)
5 12 Poems by Woodward, undated
5 13 Outline for Personal Memoirs Painting is My Life, undated
5 14 Manuscript Twins, undated
5 15 Manuscript The American Soldier in the Pyrenees or an Artist on Leave, Undated
5 16-19 Drafts for Book Adventure in Marine Painting, 1946
(4 folders)
5 20 Layout and Galley Proof for Book Adventure in Marine Painting, 1946
5 21 Typescript Introductory Remarks to Gallery of Paintings, 1947
5 22 Miscellaneous Typescripts, undated
5 23 Writings by Others, 1952, undated
Box
8 (sol) Oversized Lists of Art Work, 1938-1939

Series 7: Business Records, 1924-1969
(Boxes 5-6; 15 folders)

Business records include an auction catalog, account books for the sale of Woodward's book and art work, and miscellaneous receipts. Records of art classes taught by Woodward include lists of participants, accounts of fees paid, and printed advertisements.

Box Folder
5 24 Auction Catalog for the Library of Woodward's Father, Frank E. Woodward, 1924
5 25-26 Account Book for the Sales of Book Adventure in Marine Painting, 1946-1948
(2 folders)
Box Folder
6 1-2 Art Class Records, 1950-1953, undated
(2 folders)
6 3 Account Book for Book Sales, Art Work Sold, and Christmas List, 1956-1961
6 4-10 Art-Related Receipts and Price Lists, 1932-1969, undated
(7 folders)
6 11 Receipts for Dues of Art-Related Organizations, 1937-1961
6 12 Miscellaneous Receipts, 1934-1966, undated

Series 8: Scrapbook, 1875-1919
(Box 6; 1 folder)

The scrapbook contains clippings and exhibition announcements and catalogs.

Box Folder
6 13 Scrapbook, 1875-1919

Series 9: Printed Material, 1916-1970
(Boxes 6-7; 0.75 linear feet)

Printed material consists of clippings, copies of the U. S. Air Corps Magazine The Rip Chord for which Woodward did the cover illustrations, prospectuses, exhibition announcements and catalogs, reproductions of art work, a booklet, and brochures. Miscellaneous printed material includes reproductions of a photograph of Woodward's father, Frank E. Woodward, and a program for an event honoring Dr. T. Tertius Noble.

Box Folder
6 14 Clippings, undated
6 15 Clippings, 1916
6 16 Clippings, 1918
6 17 Clippings, 1920-1939
6 18 Clippings, 1940-1949
6 19 Clippings, 1950-1956
6 20 Clippings, 1957-1959
6 21 Clippings, 1960-1969
6 22 Clippings, 1970
6 23-27 U. S. Air Corps Magazine The Rip Chord, 1943-1944
(5 folders)
6 28 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1932-1933, undated
6 29 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1934
6 30 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1935-1936
6 31-32 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1937
(2 folders)
6 33-35 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1938
(3 folders)
6 36 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1939
6 37 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1941-1947
6 38 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1950-1954
6 39 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1955-1956
6 40 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1957-1958
6 41 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1959
6 42 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1960-1961
6 43 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1962-1963
6 44 Prospectuses for Art Exhibitions, 1964-1969
6 45 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, undated
6 46 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1920-1929
6 47 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1933-1939
6 48 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1941-1948
6 49 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1951-1952
6 50 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1953
6 51 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1954-1959
6 52 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1960-1962
6 53 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1964-1968
6 54 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs for Others, 1958-1966, undated
6 55-56 Reproductions of Art Work, undated
(2 folders)
Box Folder
7 (pam) 1 Booklet The Keystone Barrage, undated
7 (pam) 2 Brochures for Art Schools, 1936-1937, undated
7 (pam) 3 Brochures for Books, 1947, undated
7 (pam) 4 Miscellaneous Brochures, undated
7 (pam) 5 Miscellaneous Printed Material, 1932-1957, undated

Series 10: Photographs, 1920-1969
(Boxes 7-8, OV 9; 11 folders)

Photographs are of Woodward, members of his family, friends, studio, and art works. The photographs of the U. S. Army Air Forces include an image of Woodward with Jack Dempsey. Albums 1 and 2 include photographs of art classes and of Woodward painting outdoors at various locations including Laguna Beach and Palm Springs, California, St. Augustine, Florida, and Rockport, Massachusetts. Album 3 also contains photographs of Woodward at his easel, but includes photographs of notable friends including Janis Carter, Jeanne Craine, Bette Davis, Rita Hayworth, and Gary Merrill.

Box Folder
7 (pam) 6 Photographs of Woodward, 1965, undated
7 (pam) 7 Photographs of Family Members and Friends, 1939-1942, undated
(see also OV 9)
7 (pam) 8 Photographs of the U. S. Army Air Forces at McChord Field, Washington, 1943
7 (pam) 9 Photographs of Woodward's Studio, 1969, undated
7 (pam) 10 Photograph Album 1, 1920-1940
(see also Box 8)
7 (pam) 11 Negatives of Art Work, undated
7 (pam) 12 Photographs of War Monuments, 1969, undated
7 (pam) 13 Miscellaneous Photographs, undated
Box
8 (sol) Photograph Album 2, 1948-1953
8 (sol) Photograph Album 3, 1954-1966
Box
OV 9 Two Oversized Panorama Photographs of Woodward's Classmates in the U. S. Army Air Force Officer Training Schools in Miami, Florida, and in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1942