Jean Gabriel Lemoine material relating to Morgan Russell, 1921-1923, 1964

Lemoine, Jean Gabriel, b. b. 1891
Art critic
Active in Paris, France

The papers of Jean Gabriel Lemoine relating to Morgan Russell in the Archives of American Art. The papers were digitized in 2008. The papers have been scanned in their entirety and total 79 images.

Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.


Collection size: 20 items

Collection Summary: The Jean Gabriel Lemoine papers relating to Morgan Russell are comprised of 20 items and date from 1921-1923 and 1964. Included are 17 letters and letter fragments written by Morgan Russell in 1923 to Jean Gabriel Lemoine, art critic for L'Echo de Paris. One item dates from 1964 and is a typescript of a letter fragment. In these letters Russell explains his art and the Synchromism style that he developed with Stanton Macdonald-Wright. Also found are a one page list naming ten paintings in his studio, written in 1921 in Morgan Russell's hand, a news clipping of article by Lemoine about Russell, and a typed extract about Russell from La Peinture Abstraite by Michel Senghor. All of the items in the collection are in French. The collection also includes a few notes about the items in each folder, probably written by Lemoine.

Biographical/Historical Note: Jean Gabriel Lemoine (b. 1891) was an art critic for L'Echo de Paris at the time that he corresponded with abstract painter Morgan Russell (1886-1953). Morgan Russell studied at the Art Students League in New York with James Earle Fraser and Robert Henri from 1906 to 1907. Developed the theories of Synchromism with Stanton Macdonald-Wright. In 1913, he and Macdonald-Wright exhibited together as Synchromists at the Bernheim-Jeune gallery, Paris, where they attracted the attention of French critics, including Lemoine.

Collection was purchased by the National Collection of Fine Arts, along with three works of art by Morgan Russell, from Lucien Goldschmidt, Inc., New York, N.Y. in 1972. The documents are from the collection of the French critic, Jean-Gabriel Lemoine. In 1976, the collection was moved from the Library of the National Collection of Fine Arts and the National Portrait Gallery to the Archives of American Art. The photographs have been moved to an offsite storage facility and the 1913 catalog is available in the Library of the National Collection of Fine Arts and the National Portrait Gallery. Copies of both the photographs and the catalog are available on microfilm.

Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.

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Related Materials

One annotated exhibition catalog, Les Synchromistes: Morgan Russell et S. Macdonald-Wright, from 1913, and four photographs of Russell's artwork were kept by the Smithsonian American Art Museum and Portrait Gallery Library when they transferred the collection to the Archives of American Art. These items are also available on microfilm reel 1190 at the Archives of American Art.
Also available at the Archives of American Art are the Stanton Macdonald-Wright letters to Morgan Russell, 1913-1938, found on microfilm reel 1266. Microfilm reels 4524-4542 contain Morgan Russell papers that were loaned for filming by the Montclair Art Museum in 1991.