A Finding Aid to the Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner Papers,
circa 1914-1984, bulk 1942-1984, in the Archives of American Art, by Erin Corley
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Table of Contents:
- Biographical Information
- Overview of the Collection
- How to Use the Collection
- Detailed Description and Container Inventory
Jackson Pollock was born in 1912, in Cody, Wyoming, the youngest of five sons. His family moved several times during his childhood, finally settling in Los Angeles. In 1930 he joined his older brother, Charles, in New York City, and studied with Regionalist painter Thomas Hart Benton at the Art Students League of New York. Pollock worked during the 1930s for the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project. During 1936 he worked in artist David Alfaro Siqueiros's Experimental Workshop. In 1938 he began psychiatric treatment for alcoholism, and his artwork was greatly influenced by Jungian analysis and the exploration of unconscious symbolism.
In 1943 Pollock had his first one-man exhibition at Peggy Guggenheim's New York gallery, Art of this Century, and continued to exhibit there over the next several years. A major turning point in Pollock's life and art was in 1945 when he married fellow artist Lee Krasner and moved to East Hampton, Long Island. There he developed his mature painting style, and became famous for his abstract pouring technique on large canvases. The height of his creativity spanned from 1947 to 1952, and his work was promoted by art critic Clement Greenberg. Along with other abstract expressionists including Hans Hofmann, Alfonso Ossorio, and Barnett Newman, he joined the Betty Parsons Gallery in 1947. He had his most successful one-man show in 1950 which was widely publicized and praised. This exhibition, combined with a 1949 feature article in LIFE magazine, made Pollock an American celebrity.
In 1952 Pollock moved his work to Sidney Janis Gallery and returned to earlier motifs in a search for new breakthroughs. The last few years of his life he suffered from mental and physical health problems, and in August, 1956 he died in a car accident. His wife, Lee Krasner, oversaw his estate and worked with many museums, including the Museum of Modern Art, on Pollock retrospective exhibitions.
Lee Krasner was born Lenore Krassner in 1908 in Brooklyn, New York to Russian immigrant parents. In 1926 she was admitted to the Women's Art School of The Cooper Union, and in 1928 she attended the Art Students League. After graduating from The Cooper Union in 1929, she attended the National Academy of Design until 1932. After briefly attending City College and Greenwich House, she worked for the Public Works of Art Project and the Temporary Emergency Relief Administration, and finally became an assistant in 1935 on the WPA Federal Art Project, Mural Division. From 1937 to 1940 she studied at the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts and began exhibiting with the American Abstract Artists group.
In 1942 Krasner met Pollock as they were both preparing to exhibit work in the same show. Although they married and she became immersed in his career, she continued to exhibit her own work with other abstract artists and from 1946 to 1949 worked on the Little Image painting series. In 1953 she began working on collages, a medium she would come back to again later in her career. After Pollock's death her work was greatly influence by her sadness and anger, creating a visible evolution of her style.
For the rest of her career, Krasner consistently exhibited her work in both group and solo exhibitions. She had her first retrospective at Whitechapel Gallery, London, in 1965, and in 1966, she joined Marlborough Gallery, New York which represented Pollock's work as well. In the 1970s and early 1980s Krasner won many awards for her achievement in the visual arts, including the Augustus St. Gaudens Medal and the Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. She returned to the medium of collage, and in 1976 joined the Pace Gallery, New York. In 1981 she joined the Robert Miller Gallery, New York. Lee Krasner continued creating art until her death in 1984.
Overview of the Collection
Scope and Contents
The papers of abstract expressionist painters Jackson Pollock and wife Lee Krasner measure 15.6 linear feet and date from circa 1914 to 1984, with the bulk of the material dating from 1942 to 1984. The collection documents their personal and professional lives, as well as the legacy of Jackson Pollock's work after his death. Found are biographical material, correspondence, writings by Krasner and others, research material, business and financial records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork by others, photographs, interview transcripts, audio and video recordings, and motion picture film.
The collection is divided into two series, the first of which focuses on Pollock and includes his scattered papers dating from circa 1914 to his death in 1956, as well as Krasner's papers dating from his death to 1984 about managing Pollock's legacy. This series includes biographical materials, including transcripts and audio recordings of an interview with William Wright in 1949; Pollock's and Krasner's correspondence with Thomas Hart Benton, Betty Parsons Gallery, Bill Davis, B. H. Friedman, Reginald Isaacs, Sidney Janis, Violet De Lazlo, Martha Jackson Gallery, Alfonso Ossorio, Tony Smith, and Clyfford Still, and with one another; Krasner's correspondence concerning Pollock's estate and artwork after his death; numerous writings about Pollock, including an original draft of Bryan Robertson's biography and an essay by Clement Greenberg.
James Valliere extensive research files on Pollock for a never-published biography were given to Krasner and filed in Series 1. These include scattered correspondence with Lee Krasner, and Pollock's family and friends, including Charles Pollock, Thomas Hart Benton, and Robert Motherwell. There are also transcripts of interviews Valliere conducted with Pollock's friends and colleagues, including James Brooks, Dorothy Dehner, Clement Greenberg, Reuben Kadish, Lee Krasner, Charles Maddox, Mrs. Sanford McCoy, Daniel T. Miller, Robert Miller, and Tony Smith. The original audio reels and duplicates exist for many and are filed here. Additional interviews were conducted with Willem de Kooning, Alfonso Ossorio, and Burton Rouche, but not transcribed - these are filed in Series 1.10, Audio Recordings and Motion Picture Film.
Also found in Series 1 are scattered business records documenting Krasner's handling of Pollock's estate and legacy; printed materials relating to Pollock, including published biographies, exhibition catalogs, and clippings; two scrapbooks; and a sketchbook by an unidentified artist. Numerous photographs of Pollock include childhood and family photographs, photographs of Pollock in his studio by Hans Namuth, Rudy Burckhardt, and Wilfrid Zogbaum, photographs of Pollock with Lee Krasner, and exhibition photographs. Audio recordings and motion film in Series 1 include a 1964 16mm film about Pollock (VHS copies are available) and reel-to-reel recordings of untranscribed interviews of Pollock's friends and colleagues by James Valliere, including interviews with Willem de Kooning and Alfonso Ossorio. Additional transcribed interviews are filed in subseries 1.4.
Lee Krasner's papers documenting her own career are arranged in Series 2 and date from 1927-1984. Biographical materials include resumes and awards, school documents, family documentation, and exhibition lists. Her correspondence with artist friends and art colleagues is extensive and includes many letters from artists such as Philip Johnson, Ray Eames, Cleve Gray, and Hans Namuth. She also maintained correspondence with many art historians and critics, curators, gallery owners, collectors, arts-related and social organizations, admirers, and family members.
There are thirteen transcripts of interviews with Krasner by Bruce Glaser, Barbara Cavaliere, Andrew Forge, Emily Wasserman, Barbara Rose, and others. The original audio recordings for these transcripts are filed in series 2.10, along with other audio recordings for which there are no transcripts, including interviews by John Gruen, Delores Holmes, Mercedes Matter, the Martha Dean Radio Show, NBC Today Show, and WQXR radio. There are also audio recordings of Krasner's lectures in series 2.10.
Krasner's papers also include writings and reminiscences by Krasner; writings about Krasner; printed materials such as exhibition catalogs and clippings; and one scrapbook containing clippings and photographs. Numerous photographs are of Krasner, including portrait photographs taken by Hans Namuth; of Krasner with Jackson Pollock and family and friends, and of her exhibitions and artwork.
Users should note that Pollock's and Krasner's papers contain similar types of material that often overlap in subject matter, especially among the correspondence and photographs.
Arrangement and Series Description
The collection is arranged into 2 series:
- Series 1: Jackson Pollock papers and Lee Krasner papers about Jackson Pollock, circa 1914-1984 (Box 1-7, 16, OV 18; 7.0 linear feet)
- Series 2: Lee Krasner papers, circa 1927-1984 (Box 7-15, 17; 8.6 linear feet)
Subjects and Names
This collection is indexed in the online catalog of the Archives of American Art under the following terms:
- Art -- Economic aspects
- Abstract expressionism
- Painters -- New York (State)
- Types of Materials:
- Motion pictures (visual works)
- Video recordings
- Sound recordings
- Krasner, Lee, 1908-
- Janis, Sidney, 1896-
- Isaacs, Reginald R., 1911-
- Friedman, B. H. (Bernard Harper), 1926-
- Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975
- Wright, William
- Pollock, Charles C.
- Brooks, James, 1906-
- Motherwell, Robert
- Valliere, James
- Greenberg, Clement, 1909-
- Still, Clyfford, 1904-
- Smith, Tony, 1912-
- Ossorio, Alfonso, 1916-
- Zogbaum, Wilfrid, 1915-1965
- Burkhardt, Rudy
- Namuth, Hans
- Rouche, Burton
- De Kooning, Willem, 1904-
- Miller, Daniel
- McCoy, Sanford, Mrs.
- Kadish, Reuben, 1913-
- Dehner, Dorothy, 1901-
- Holmes, Doloris
- Gruen, John
- Rose, Barbara
- Wasserman, Tamara E.
- Forge, Andrew
- Cavaliere, Barbara
- Glaser, Jane R.
- Gray, Cleve
- Eames, Ray
- Matter, Mercedes
- Miller, Robert, 1932 Apr. 17-
- Johnson, Philip, 1906-
- Maddox, Charles
- Davis, Bill
- Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956, Photographs
- Krasner, Lee, 1908-, Photographs
- Betty Parsons Gallery
- Martha Jackson Gallery
The papers of Jackson Pollock were donated in 1983 by Lee Krasner through Eugene V. Thaw shortly before her death. Additional material about Pollock and the papers of Lee Krasner were donated in 1985 by Eugene V. Thaw, executor of Lee Krasner's estate.
Separated and Related Materials
Found in the Archives of American Art are the Charles Pollock Papers, 1902-1990, which includes correspondence, photographs, and other files relating to his brother, Jackson Pollock. Other resources in the Archives are oral history interviews with Lee Krasner, including a series of interviews conducted by Dorothy Seckler between 1964 and 1968, and interviews conducted by Barbara Rose in 1966 and Doloris Holmes in 1972.
How the Collection was Processed
The papers of Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner received preliminary processing as separate collections upon arrival at the Archives and were microfilmed separately on reels 3046-3049 and 3771-3780. The two collections were merged and arranged into one logical archival arrangement and described by Erin Corley in 2005-2006 and digitized in 2007-2008 with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
How to Use the Collection
Restrictions on Use
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Ownership & Literary Rights
The Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
The bulk of the collection was digitized in 2008 and is available online via AAA's website.. The Jackson Pollock papers and photographs from the Lee Krasner papers were scanned from originals. The bulk of the Lee Krasner papers were digitized from 7 reels of microfilm.
How to Cite this Collection
Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers, circa 1914-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Detailed Description and Container Inventory
Series 1: Jackson Pollock papers and Lee Krasner papers about Jackson Pollock, circa 1914-1984 (Box 1-7, 16, OV 18; 7.0 linear feet)
This series contains Jackson Pollock's papers and Lee Krasner's papers about managing Jackson Pollock's artistic legacy. Biographical material includes artist statements and notes, a transcript of an interview with William Wright and the original audio recording, Pollock's birth certificate, and his passport. Correspondence, both personal and professional and spanning 55 years, includes Pollock's and Krasner's correspondence with museums, gallery owners, biographers, students, fans, family, and fellow artists. Correspondents include, among others, Pollock's teacher Thomas Hart Benton and friends Reginald Isaacs, Clyfford Still, Alfonso Ossorio, and Tony Smith. Writings about Pollock include drafts of essays, articles, lectures, and biographies and include essays by Lee Krasner and Clement Greenberg.
James Valliere extensive research files on Pollock for a never-published biography were given to Krasner. The files include scattered research notes, an inventory of Pollock's library, correspondence with Lee Krasner, and Pollock's family and friends, including Charles Pollock, Thomas Hart Benton, and Robert Motherwell. There are also transcripts of interviews Valliere conducted with Pollock's friends and colleagues, including James Brooks, Dorothy Dehner, Clement Greenberg, Reuben Kadish, Lee Krasner, Charles Maddox, Mrs. Sanford McCoy, Daniel T. Miller, Robert Miller, and Tony Smith. The original audio reels and duplicate tapes for many of the transcripts are filed here. There are photographs of two of the interview sessions. Audio recordings for which there are no transcripts are filed in series 1.10 Audio and Video Recordings and Film.
Business records primarily concern Lee Krasner's handling of the exhibition and sale of Pollock's artwork after his death. Included are a guest book for the Venice "Bienale", exhibition lists, account statements and inventory lists, lists of owners of his work, appraisal documents, legal documents, receipts, and other miscellaneous records. Printed material consists of book proofs, numerous newspaper and magazine clippings spanning forty years, and as well as exhibition catalogs, announcements, and invitations to solo and group exhibitions. This series also includes two scrapbooks kept by Pollock and Krasner of news clippings and exhibition announcements, and one sketchbook by an unidentified artist.
Numerous rare photographs found in this series include those of Pollock as a child, with his family and friends, with Lee Krasner, and at work in his Long Island studio, some of which were taken by photographers Hans Namuth and Rudy Burckhardt. Also found are photographs of exhibitions of Pollock's artwork. Audio and video recordings and film in this series include the motion picture film "Jackson Pollock: A Reconsideration," VHS copies of same, and several untranscribed reel-to-reel audio recordings of interviews about Pollock with Alfonso Ossorio and Willem De Kooning, conducted by James Valliere during his research. Audio recordings of interviews with transcripts are filed with Valliere's research files in 1.4.
This series is arranged into 10 subseries:
- 1.1: Biographical Material, circa 1938-1956
- 1.2: Correspondence, circa 1929-1984
- 1.3: Writings by Others, 1950-circa 1983
- 1.4: James Valliere Research Material on Jackson Pollock, 1963-1972
- 1.5: Business Records, circa 1942-1983
- 1.6: Printed Material, 1942-1983
- 1.7: Scrapbooks, 1943-1957
- 1.8: Artwork by Others, undated
- 1.9: Photographs, circa 1914-1969
- 1.10: Audio and Video Recordings and Film, 1964, 1966
This series has been scanned in its entirety, except for photographs of works of art, copy prints and negatives, audio recordings and motion picture film, published books, and a few folders of newsclippings.
1.1: Biographical Material, circa 1938-1956
Biographical material includes eleven folders of biographical statements and various notes by Pollock, as well as identification items such as his birth certificate and passport. Also found is a audio recording and transcript of a 1949 interview of Pollock by his neighbor William Wright.
|1||1||Biographical Statements, circa 1947-1956|
|1||2||Birth Certificate Copy, 1938|
|1||3||Notes by Pollock, circa 1949, undated|
|1||5||Selective Service Form, 1945|
|1||6||Social Security Card, 1954|
|1||7||Jackson Pollock Interview by William Wright, Transcript, 1949|
|1||8||Jackson Pollock Interview by William Wright, 1949 (audio recording; not digitized)|
|1||9||Jackson Pollock Interview by William Wright, Duplicate, 1949 (audio recording; not digitized)|
|1||10||Jackson Pollock Interview by William Wright, 1949 (audio recording; not digitized)|
|1||11||Jackson Pollock Interview by William Wright, 1949 (audio cassette, not digitized)|
1.2: Correspondence, circa 1929-1984
Correspondence prior to 1956 is Jackson Pollock's, and correspondence after 1956 is Lee Krasner's concerning Pollock's artwork and estate. Correspondence is with galleries and museums that exhibited Pollock's work, including several folders concerning exhibitions at the Museum of Modern Art. There is fan fan mail, student inquiries, requests for reproductions, and correspondence concerning restoration work. Correspondents of note include Thomas Hart Benton, Tony Smith, Reginald Isaacs, Clyfford Still, and Alfonso Ossorio, gallery owners Betty Parsons, Sidney Janis, and Martha Jackson, and biographers B.H. Friedman, Francis O'Connor, and Bryan Robertson. Also found are condolence letters and flower cards to Lee Krasner after Pollock's death. There is also a 1936 letter to Pollock from David Alfaro Siqueiros and postcards from Helen Frankenthaler and Clement Greenberg.
Files are arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent or subject.
1.3: Writings by Others, 1950-circa 1983, undated
Found here are essays, articles, lectures, and biographies about Jackson Pollock. There is an original draft of the Bryan Robertson biography of Jackson Pollock, an essay by Clement Greenberg, and an essay written by Lee Krasner after Pollock's death which discusses his career, personal life, and their relationship.
Items are arranged alphabetically by author's last name.
1.4: James Valliere Research Material on Jackson Pollock, 1963-1972
James Valliere was a graduate student at the University of New Hampshire who was employed in 1963 by Lee Krasner to begin researching Pollock's early career and compile a general catalog of his work. Valliere never published the results of his research and the materials were kept by Lee Krasner. Found here is correspondence between Valliere and Lee Krasner, as well as Valliere's research correspondence with other family members, and Pollock's friends and colleagues. There is correspondence with Mr. and Mrs. Charles Pollock, Sanford McCoy (Pollock's brother), Jay Pollock, Thomas Hart Benton, Robert Motherwell, and the Art Students League of New York. Also found are transcripts and audio recordings of interviews conducted by Valliere with those who knew Pollock well, including James Brooks, Reuben Kadish, Tony Smith, Clement Greenberg, and Pollock's sister-in-law Mrs. Sanford (Arloie) McCoy wherein she reads several letters Jackson wrote to his father from New York. Also included in this series are some of Valliere's research notes and photographs of James Brooks, and Pollock's friend Daniel Miller taken during their interviews. Untranscribed audio recordings of interviews are filed in series 1.10: Audio and Video Recordings and Film.
|2||53-55||Correspondence, 1963-1967 (3 folders)|
|2||56||Notes, 1963-1964, undated|
|2||57||Photographs of James Brooks, 1965|
|2||58||Photographs of Daniel T. Miller, 1965|
|2||59||Preliminary Catalog of Jackson Pollock's Library, 1963|
|2||60||James Brooks Interview, Transcript, 1965|
|2||61||James Brooks Interview, 1965 (audio recording; not digitized)|
|2||62||James Brooks Interview, 1965 (duplicate audio recording; not digitized)|
|2||63||Clement Greenberg Interview, Transcript, 1968|
|3||1-2||Clement Greenberg Interview, 1968 (2 audio recordings; not digitized)|
|3||3||Reuben Kadish Interview, Transcript, circa 1965|
|3||4||Mrs. Sanford McCoy Interviews, Transcript, 1965|
|3||5||Mrs. Sanford McCoy Interviews, 1965 (audio recordings; not digitized)|
|3||6||Daniel T. Miller Interview, Transcript, 1965|
|3||7-8||Daniel T. Miller Interview, 1965 (2 audio recordings; not digitized)|
|3||9||Tony Smith Interview, Transcript, circa 1965|
|3||10||Interview with Lee Krasner, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Maddox, Dorothy Dehner, and Robert Miller, Transcript, 1972|
|3||11||Essay, "Jackson Pollock's Progressed Lunation Cycle," 1972|
1.5: Business Records, circa 1942-1983
Business records document Lee Krasner's handling of Pollock's estate and exhibition of his artwork after his death. Found here are miscellaneous business records, including price lists, lists of items loaned for exhibitions, warehouse and shipping receipts, conservation receipts, and other handwritten notes. There are lists of owners of paintings and exhibitions, a guest book from the Venice "Biennale, and a complete appraisal of 37 Jackson Pollock drawings. There is also a folder of account statements and inventory lists from the Marlborough Gallery. Legal Documents include a deposition by Francis O'Connor regarding his interviews with Pollock's therapist, Dr. Joseph Henderson.
|3||12-13||Miscellaneous Business Records, 1957-1983, undated (2 folders; partially scanned)|
|3||14||List of Owners of Paintings, undated|
|3||15||Exhibition Lists, 1942-1959|
|3||16||Guest Book, Venice "Biennale," 1950|
|3||17||Marlborough Gallery Account with the Pollock Estate, 1969-1975|
|3||18||Legal Documents, Francis O'Connor Deposition, 1975|
|3||19||Appraisal of Jackson Pollock Drawings, 1983|
1.6: Printed Material, 1942-1983
Printed materials include books and book proofs, such as a small book in Italian critiquing Pollock's work and proofs for two biographies by Frank O'Hara and Bryan Robertson, magazines with feature articles on Pollock, and numerous newspaper and magazine clippings spanning forty years. Also found are exhibition catalogs, posters, press releases, announcements, and invitations for both Pollock's solo and group exhibitions.
|3||20||Book, Masterpieces of the World (in Japanese), undated (not scanned)|
|3||21||Book, Museum of Modern Art New York in Bern (in German), 1978 (not scanned)|
|3||22||Book, Pollock: un saggio critico di Enrico Crispolti, 1958 (not scanned)|
|3||23||Book Proof, Betty Parsons Gallery Catalog, 1951 (not scanned)|
|3||24||Book Proof, Edwin Miller, for the essay "The Radical Vision of Whitman and Pollock," 1970 (not scanned)|
|3||25||Book Proof, Museum of Modern Art Jackson Pollock Exhibition Catalog, 1967 (not scanned)|
|3||26||Book Proof, Frank O'Hara, Jackson Pollock, 1959 (not scanned)|
|3||27||Book Proof, Bryan Robertson, Jackson Pollock, 1959-1960 (not scanned)|
|3||28||Book Proofs, unidentified, circa 1964 (not scanned)|
|3||29-34||Clippings, 1943-1951, undated (6 folders)|
|4||1-7||Clippings, 1952-1960 (7 folders)|
|4||8-13||Clippings, 1961-1970 (6 folders; Oversized items in Box 16, F1)|
|4||14-19||Clippings, 1971-1983 (6 folders)|
|4||20-22||Clippings, Beaubourg Exhibition, 1982 (3 folders; in french)|
|4||23||Clippings, Reviews of Jackson Pollock by Bryan Robertson, 1960-1961|
|4||24||Clippings, Reviews of Jackson Pollock: Energy Made Visible by B. H. Friedman, 1972-1973|
|4||25-26||Exhibition Announcements and Invitations, 1944-1964, 1974-1983, undated (2 folders)|
|4||27-31||Exhibition Catalogs, Solo Exhibitions, 1943-1979 (5 folders)|
|4||32||Exhibition Catalogs, Group Exhibitions, 1942-1949|
|5||1-14||Exhibition Catalogs, Group Exhibitions, 1950-1970 (14 folders)|
|6||1-2||Exhibition Catalogs, Group Exhibitions, 1971-1977 (2 folders)|
|6||3||Exhibition Posters, 1950-1980 (Oversized items in OV 18)|
|6||4||Magazines, LIFE, 1949, 1959|
|6||5-6||Magazines, Miscellaneous, 1958, 1963, 1967, 1976-1977 (2 folders; not scanned)|
|6||7||Press Releases for Pollock Exhibitions, 1976-1981|
|6||8||Miscellaneous Printed Material, 1974-1983, undated (not scanned)|
|16 (sol)||1||Clippings, 1967 (Scanned with Box 4, F8-13)|
|OV 18||Exhibition Posters, 1950-1980 (See also Box 6, F3; not scanned)|
1.7: Scrapbooks, 1943-1957
Two scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings, magazine clippings, and exhibition announcements. One was created by Pollock and Krasner, and the other was created by Krasner in the years following Pollock's death.
|16 (sol)||2||Scrapbook, 1943-1949|
|16 (sol)||3||Scrapbook kept by Lee Krasner, 1956-1957|
1.8: Artwork by Others, undated
Found here is one sketchbook containing primarily ink drawings and diagrams by an unidentified artist.
|6||9||Sketchbook by Unidentified Artist, undated|
1.9: Photographs, circa 1914-1969
Found here are extensive photographs of Pollock. There are many photographs of Pollock as a child and teenager and with his family, of Pollock with Lee Krasner in the studio, outdoors, at their home on Long Island, and with family and friends, including photographs from a 1950 Pollock family reunion held at their home. Also found are exhibition photographs, including his 1951 solo exhibition at Betty Parsons Gallery, as well as photos of Pollock's studio, and a few other miscellaneous images. Several of the photographs of Pollock in his studio were taken by Wilfrid Zogbaum, Hans Namuth, and Rudy Burckhardt. Significant figures photographed with Pollock include Clement Greenberg, Helen Frankenthaler, James Brooks, and David Alfaro Siqueiros. There are also numerous photographs and slides of Pollock's works of art that have not been scanned. Photographs are arranged according to subject and chronologically within each folder.
|6||10||Portraits of Jackson Pollock, 1943-circa 1955, undated (Oversized items in Box 16, F4)|
|6||11||Portraits of Jackson Pollock by Hans Namuth, 1950 (Oversized items in Box 16, F5)|
|6||12-13||Portraits of Jackson Pollock, Copy Prints and Negatives, 1943-circa 1955 (2 folders; not scanned)|
|6||14||Jackson Pollock in His Studio by Wilfrid Zogbaum, circa 1947 (Oversized items in Box 16, F6)|
|6||15||Jackson Pollock in His Studio by Rudy Burckhardt, 1950|
|6||16||Jackson Pollock in His Studio by Hans Namuth, 1950 (Oversized items in Box 16, F7)|
|6||17||Jackson Pollock in His Studio, Copy Prints and Negatives, circa 1947, 1950 (not scanned)|
|6||18||Jackson Pollock and Family, circa 1914-1930, undated|
|6||19||Jackson Pollock and Family, Copy Prints and Negatives, circa 1914-1930, undated (not scanned)|
|6||20-21||Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner, circa 1946-1955 (2 folders; Oversized items in Box 16, F8)|
|6||22||Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner, Copy Prints and Negatives, circa 1946-1955 (not scanned)|
|6||23-24||Pollock and Krasner with Friends and Family, 1936-1956 (2 folders)|
|6||25||Pollock and Krasner with Friends and Family, Copy Prints and Negatives, 1936-1956 (not scanned)|
|6||26||Pollock Family Reunion, 1950|
|6||27||Pollock Family Reunion, Copy Prints and Negatives, 1950 (not scanned)|
|6||28||Pollock-Krasner Studio by Maurice Berezov, undated|
|6||29||Exhibition, Betty Parsons Gallery, 1951 (Oversized items in Box 16, F9-11)|
|6||30||Exhibition, Betty Parsons Gallery, Copy Prints and Negatives, 1951 (not scanned)|
|6||31||Exhibition, Bennington College, 1952|
|6||32||Exhibitions, Sidney Janis Gallery, 1952-1958|
|6||33||Exhibitions, Unidentified, 1958, undated|
|6||34-35||Exhibition, Kunstverein fur die Rheinlande und Westfalen, 1961 (2 folders)|
|6||36||Exhibition, Moderna Museet, circa 1963|
|6||37-38||Exhibitions, Marlborough Gallery of Art, 1964, 1969, undated (2 folders)|
|6||39||Exhibitions, Museum of Modern Art, 1969, undated|
|6||40||Miscellaneous Photographs, 1942-1948, undated|
|6||41||Miscellaneous Photographs, Copy Prints and Negatives, 1942-1948, undated (not scanned)|
|6||42||Artwork, 1969, undated (not scanned)|
|7||1||Slides of Artwork, 1950, undated (not scanned)|
|7||2||Color Transparencies of Pollock Artwork Owned by Lee Krasner, undated (not scanned)|
|7||3||Stereo Transparencies of Pollock-Krasner Studio, undated (not scanned)|
|7||4||Safety Negatives, undated (not scanned)|
|16 (sol)||4||Portraits of Jackson Pollock, 1943-circa 1955, undated (Scanned with Box 6, F10)|
|16 (sol)||5||Portraits of Jackson Pollock by Hans Namuth, 1950 (Scanned with Box 6, F11)|
|16 (sol)||6||Jackson Pollock in His Studio by Wilfrid Zogbaum, circa 1947 (Scanned with Box 6, F14)|
|16 (sol)||7||Jackson Pollock in His Studio by Hans Namuth, 1950 (Scanned with Box 6, F16)|
|16 (sol)||8||Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner, circa 1946-1955 (2 folders; Scanned with Box 6, F20-21)|
|16 (sol)||9-11||Exhibition, Betty Parsons Gallery, 1951 (Scanned with Box 6, F29)|
1.10: Audio and Video Recordings and Film, 1964, 1966 (not digitized)
This subseries contains a 16 mm film about Pollock, entitled, "Jackson Pollock: A Reconsideration," including a reel of outtakes, produced in 1964 by Channel 13 WNDT, the Educational Broadcasting Corporation. There are also VHS copies of the film. Also found are untranscribed audio recordings of interviews conducted by James Valliere while he was researching Pollock's early career and artwork for a never-published book on Pollock. Interviews are with artists Willem De Kooning and Alfonso Ossorio, and Pollock's friends Burton Rouche. Researchers should also see Series 1.4: James Valliere Research Material on Jackson Pollock for additional recordings of interviews with transcripts.
|Motion Picture Film||"Jackson Pollock: A Reconsideration," 1964|
|Motion Picture Film||"Jackson Pollock: A Reconsideration," Outtakes, 1964|
|7||5||"Jackson Pollock: A Reconsideration," VHS copy, 1964|
|7||6||"Jackson Pollock: A Reconsideration," Outtakes, VHS copy, 1964|
|7||7||Willem De Kooning interview with James Valliere, 1966 (audio reel)|
|7||8-10||Alfonso Ossorio interview with James Valliere, 1966 (3 copies; audio reels)|
|7||11||Alfonso Ossorio interview with James Valliere, Duplicate, 1966 (audio cassettes)|
|7||12||Burton Rouche interview with James Valliere, 1966 (audio reel)|
Series 2: Lee Krasner Papers, circa 1927-1984 (Box 7-15, 17; 8.6 linear feet)
This series consists primarily of papers documenting Lee Krasner's artistic career and personal life during the last twenty years of her life. The bulk of the material dates from 1964 to 1984. Biographical material documents Krasner's family background, education, and career through chronologies, awards, resumes, exhibition lists, bibliographies, address books, and mementoes from Krasner's 1965 trip to England. Professional and personal correspondence is with gallery owners, curators, art historians and critics, students, fans, family, and fellows artists such as Cleve Gray, Alfonso Ossorio, and Philip Johnson.
There are thirteen transcripts of interviews with Krasner conducted by art historians and journalists. The interviews discuss Krasner's life and career, the art scene in New York, and her relationship with Jackson Pollock. Original audio recordings exist for many of the interviews and are filed in 2.10, Audio and Video Recordings. Writings by others consist of draft essays about Krasner and her artwork; writings by Lee Krasner consist of handwritten lecture notes and notes containing reminiscences. Business and financial records consist of loan forms, sales lists, guest lists, exhibition checklists, and other miscellaneous materials. Krasner's papers also include one scrapbook of news clippings and photographs from her 1965 Whitechapel exhibition.
Printed material consists of exhibition materials for Krasner's solo and group shows, event announcements, programs, numerous newspaper and magazine clippings, and faculty materials for her work at the Cooper Union. Numerous photographs include photographs of Krasner with Pollock, family, and friends, and photos of her home and studio. The majority of photographs are professional portraits of Krasner taken throughout her career, including portraits by Hans Namuth. Also found are photographs of Krasner at exhibitions, exhibition installations, and photographs of her artwork. Audio and video recordings include Krasner interviews, recorded radio and television shows, lectures, and a VHS recording of "Pollock a Beaubourg. Transcripts for many of the interviews are filed in Series 2.3.
The Lee Krasner Papers series is arranged into 10 subseries:
- 2.1: Biographical Material, circa 1927-1983
- 2.2: Correspondence, circa 1941-1984
- 2.3: Interview Transcripts, circa 1965-1979
- 2.4: Writings by Others, circa 1965-1981
- 2.5: Writings by Lee Krasner, circa 1977-1979
- 2.6: Business and Financial Records, circa 1957-1983
- 2.7: Scrapbook, 1965
- 2.8: Printed Material, circa 1942-1984
- 2.9: Photographs, circa 1929-1983
- 2.10: Audio and Video Recordings, circa 1964-1983
The arrangement is based primarily on the original microfilm arrangement. The bulk of this series has been scanned from microfilm.
2.1: Biographical Material, circa 1927-1983
Found here are Lee Krasner's genealogical notes, school transcripts, certificate of marriage to Jackson Pollock, and Who's Who biographies. Also included are resumes and artist statements, chronologies, exhibition lists, bibliographies, and address books. Awards and certificates include an award medal for the Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. There are also mementos such as brochures, receipts, programs, and letters, from her 1965 visit to England for the Whitechapel Gallery exhibition.
|7||13||Biographical Documents, 1927-1967, undated|
|7||14||Biographical Data and Chronologies, 1964-1983, undated|
|7||15||Exhibition Lists, 1965-1977|
|7||16||Bibliographies, 1983, undated|
|7||17||Award Medals, 1977, 1982|
|7||18||Award Ceremony Programs, 1977, 1980|
|7||19||Award Certificates, 1972-1982 (Oversized items in Box 17, F1)|
|7||20||Address Books, undated|
|7||21-22||"Personal Mementos from England Trip", 1965 (2 folders)|
|17 (sol)||1||Award Certificates, 1982 (Scanned with Box 9, F19)|
2.2: Correspondence, circa 1941-1984
Lee Krasner's correspondence spans over forty years, but the bulk of it ranges from 1970 to her death in 1984. Found here is correspondence with galleries and gallery owners that represented her, exhibited her work, or requested her work for potential exhibitions. Krasner was friends with many artists and art professionals and her personal correspondence includes many letters from artists such as Philip Johnson, Ray Eames, Cleve Gray, and Hans Namuth. She also corresponded with art historians and critics, curators, collectors, arts and social organizations, admirers, and family members. Additionally, this series includes fan mail, student inquiries, correspondence with journalists and publishers, requests for her to lecture, and business correspondence on the sale of her work. There are numerous letters and telegrams congratulating Krasner on exhibitions, such as the 1965 Whitechapel retrospective and extensive documentation of her 1958 commission to create a mural for Uris Brothers, Inc.
Letters are arranged chronologically and include both letters received by Krasner and handwritten or typed drafts sent by Krasner. Later in her life many of the drafts were written by her secretary.
|8||1-2||Correspondence, undated (2 folders)|
|8||3-6||Correspondence, 1941-1960 (4 folders)|
|8||7-15||Correspondence, 1961-1965 (9 folders)|
|8||16-22||Correspondence, 1966-1970 (7 folders)|
|8||23-41||Correspondence, 1971-1976 (19 folders)|
|9||1-21||Correspondence, 1977-1980 (21 folders)|
|9||22-41||Correspondence, 1981-1984 (20 folders)|
2.3: Interview Transcripts, circa 1965-1979,
This subseries contains transcripts of interviews of Lee Krasner conducted by various art historians and journalists. The interviews discuss Krasner's work, the early abstract expressionist movement, her relationship with Jackson Pollock, and the "New York art world". Two of the transcripts are for broadcast interviews, including a 1979 interview with Barbara Novak for WGBH New Television Workshop, Boston. Transcripts are arranged chronologically. Audio recordings for these interviews are filed in Series 2.10.
|10||1||Barbara Rose Interview, 1978|
|10||2||Helen Weinberg Interview, 1978|
|10||3||Richard Howard Interview, 1978|
|10||4||Ellen G. Landau Interview, 1979|
|10||5||Barbara Novak Interview, 1979|
2.4: Writings by Others, circa 1965-1981
This subseries includes draft essays, many with annotations, about Lee Krasner and her artwork. Items are arranged chronologically.
2.5: Writings by Lee Krasner, circa 1977-1979
This subseries includes a few lecture notes by Lee Krasner as well as handwritten notes about her life and memories.
|10||11||Personal Notes and Lectures, 1977-1979, undated|
2.6: Business and Financial Records, circa 1957-1983
Scattered business and financial records date primarily from 1967 to 1983 and include exhibition checklists, conservation forms, loan forms, sales and price lists, warehouse and shipping receipts, guest lists, account statements and other handwritten lists and notes. There is documentation from the Robert Miller Gallery, Pace Gallery, the Whitney museum, and the Marlborough gallery.
|10||12-20||Miscellaneous Business Records, 1957-1983, undated (9 folders)|
|10||21||Sales and Accounting Statements for Robert Miller Gallery, 1981-1982|
|10||22-23||Loan Forms and Checklists from "Lee Krasner Retrospective", 1983 (2 folders)|
|10||24||Financial Records, 1967-1977|
|10||25||Inventories, Marlborough Gallery, 1975-1976|
|10||26||Inventories, Pace Gallery, 1975-1981|
|10||27||Inventories, Robert Miller Gallery, 1982-1983|
|10||28||Price Lists, 1972, undated|
|10||29-30||Mailing Lists, Marlborough Gallery, 1968, 1973 (2 folders)|
|10||31||Mailing Lists, Whitney Museum, 1973|
|10||32||Mailing Lists, Pace Gallery, 1977|
|10||33||Mailing Lists, Whitney Museum, 1978|
|10||34-35||Mailing Lists, Pace Gallery, 1979, 1981 (2 folders)|
|10||36||Mailing Lists, Robert Miller Gallery, 1981|
|10||37||Guest Lists, Robert Miller Gallery, 1982|
2.7: Scrapbook, 1965
This scrapbook documents a 1965 exhibition of Krasner's work at Whitechapel Gallery in London. The scrapbook was created by the President of Marlborough Gallery, Pierre Levai, and includes news clippings about the event and photographs of the exhibition installation.
|10||38||Whitechapel Gallery Exhibition Scrapbook, 1965|
2.8: Printed Material, circa 1942-1984
Printed material documents Lee Krasner's career and includes solo and group exhibition catalogs, announcements, press releases, and numerous newspaper and magazine clippings. There are also newsletters, event calendars, annual reports, and documentary film announcements for films about Krasner. Schedules, directories, instructions, and other faculty materials are from Krasner's semester as a faculty member at Cooper Union. Miscellaneous printed material includes primarily programs, brochures, and invitations to events. There is also an "Odds and Ends" folder. Items are arranged by type of material and chronologically within each folder.
|10||39||Exhibition Catalogs, undated|
|10||40-42||Exhibition Catalogs, 1942-1963 (3 folders)|
|11||1-7||Exhibition Catalogs, 1964-1975 (7 folders)|
|11||8-17||Exhibition Catalogs, 1976-1981 (10 folders)|
|13||1-6||News Clippings, 1981-1984 (6 folders)|
|13||7-9||Magazine Clippings, 1952-1984, undated (3 folders)|
|13||10||Photographs of Artists in Harper's Bazaar (Reproductions), 1951 (Not scanned)|
|17 (sol)||1||Exhibition Poster, 1969 (Not scanned)|
2.9: Photographs, circa 1929-1983
Lee Krasner's personal photographs and photographs of her artwork are filed here, including one of her painting in the studio and portraits of her at the WPA pier. The majority of the photographs in this subseries are professional portraits taken of Lee Krasner throughout her career. Some of the portraits depict her home and painting in her studio. Photographers of note are Hans Namuth, Renate Ponsold, and Ray Eames, and one by Irving Penn. All portraits of Krasner are grouped by photographer and arranged chronologically.
Personal and family photographs include photos of Krasner on the beach, circa 1939, and with family and friends. Photographs of Krasner with Jackson Pollock were taken at the beach, with family, and at their home in the Springs. There are also photographs of the two of them outside of their home and in the studio, taken by Wilfred Zogbaum. There are photographs of Lee Krasner at various exhibitions, including her 1973 exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Photographs of artwork include photographs of Krasner's work in various medium, such as ink, collage, lithographs, and mosaic, as well as the artwork she did for the WPA. Photographs of artwork have not been scanned.
2.9.1: Personal Photographs, 1938-1982, undated
|17 (sol)||2||Portraits of Krasner by Hans Namuth, 1955, 1958, undated (Scanned with Box 13, F18)|
|17 (sol)||3||Portraits of Krasner by Halley Erskine, 1959 (Scanned with Box 13, F19)|
|17 (sol)||4||Portraits of Krasner by Mark Patiky, 1970 (Scanned with Box 13, F26)|
|17 (sol)||5||Portraits of Krasner by Irving Penn, 1972 (Scanned with Box 13, F28)|
|17 (sol)||6||Portraits of Krasner by Waintrob-Budd, 1981 (Scanned with Box 13, F38)|
|17 (sol)||7||Portraits of Krasner, Miscellaneous, 1950-1982, undated (Scanned with Box 13, F39-40)|
2.9.2: Photographs of Artwork, 1929-1983, undated (not scanned)
|13||50||Charcoal Drawings, 1937-1939|
|13||51||Oil on Paper, 1938|
|13||52||Early Abstractions, 1938-1943|
|13||53||Artwork for the WPA, circa 1940-1942|
|14||1-2||Little Image Paintings, 1946-1950 (2 folders)|
|14||3||Ink Paintings, 1950-1958|
|14||4-11||Paintings, 1942-1965, undated (8 folders; Oversized items in Box 17, F8)|
|14||12||Mosaic Table, 1947 (Oversized items in Box 17, F9)|
|14||13||Studies for Mosaic Project, 1959|
|14||14-16||Collages, 1953-1979 (3 folders)|
|14||18-19||Miscellaneous Artwork by Lee Krasner, 1929-1935, undated (2 folders)|
|14||20||Unidentified Artwork, undated|
|14||21||Stable Gallery Collage Exhibition, 1955 (Oversized items in Box 17, F10)|
|14||22||Howard Wise Gallery Exhibition, 1962|
|14||23||Marlborough Gallery Exhibition, 1968|
|14||24-25||Marlborough Gallery Exhibition, 1969 (2 folders)|
|14||26||University of Alabama Exhibtion, 1969|
|14||27||Reese Palley Gallery Exhibition, 1969|
|14||28||Marlborough Gallery Exhibition, 1973|
|14||29||Whitney Museum Exhibition, 1973|
|14||30||Janie C. Lee Gallery Exhibition, 1978|
|14||31||Pace Gallery Exhibition, 1979|
|14||32||Janie C. Lee Gallery Exhibition, 1981|
|14||33||Nassau County Museum of Art Exhibition, 1981|
|14||34||Grey Art Gallery Exhibition, 1981|
|14||35||Guild Hall Exhibition, 1981|
|14||36||Pace Gallery Exhibition, 1981|
|14||37||Tate Gallery Exhibition, 1983|
|14||38||Unidentified Exhibitions, 1954-1959, 1976, undated|
|14||39||Drawing by Tony Smith, 1945-1946|
|14||40||Miscellaneous Proof Sheets, undated|
|15||1-3||Color Transparencies, 1938-1972, undated (3 folders)|
|17 (sol)||8||Paintings, 1942-1962, undated (See also Box 14, F4-11)|
|17 (sol)||9||Mosaic Table, 1947 (See also Box 14, F12)|
|17 (sol)||10||Stable Gallery Collage Exhibition, 1955 (See also Box 14, F21)|
2.10: Audio and Video Recordings, circa 1964-1983 (not digitized)
This subseries consists primarily of audio recordings of interviews with Lee Krasner that discuss her career, her relationship with Jackson Pollock, and Pollock's career. The recordings include interviews conducted by John Gruen for the Casper Citron radio show, one for the Martha Dean radio show, and one for the "Today Show". Another interview of note was conducted by fellow artist Mercedes Matter. Transcripts for most of these interviews are filed in Series 2.3.
Also found in this series are two recorded lectures given by Lee Krasner, and two copies VHS video recordings about Pollock and a 1982 exhibition of his work, "Pollock a Beaubourg". Items are arranged chronologically.
|15||4||Lee Krasner Lecture at Nassau County Museum of Art, undated (audio cassette)|
|15||5||Bruce Glaser Interview of Lee Krasner, undated (audio reel)|
|15||6||Mercedes Matter Interview of Lee Krasner, undated (audio reel)|
|15||7||John Gruen Interview of Lee Krasner, 1964 (audio reel)|
|15||8||John Gruen Interview of Lee Krasner, duplicate, 1964 (audio cassettes)|
|15||9||John Gruen Interview of Lee Krasner, vinyl LP records, 1964 (2 records; see Box 17)|
|15||10||Martha Dean Radio Show Interview of Lee Krasner, 1968 (audio reel)|
|15||11||Martha Dean Radio Show Interview of Lee Krasner, duplicate, 1968 (audio cassette)|
|15||12||Dolores Holmes Interview of Lee Krasner, 1971 (audio reel)|
|15||13||NBC "Today Show" Interview of Lee Krasner, 1973 (audio reel)|
|15||14||Sarah Faunce Interview of Lee Krasner, 1977 (audio reel)|
|15||15||University Lectures by Lee Krasner, 1977 (audio cassettes)|
|15||16||WQXR Radio Interview of Lee Krasner, 1980 (audio cassettes)|
|15||17||Unidentified Audio Cassettes, undated|
|15||18-19||"Pollock a Beaubourg", 1982-1983 (2 videocassettes)|
|17 (sol)||John Gruen Interview of Lee Krasner, vinyl phonographic records 1964 (See also Box 15, F9)|
Index: List of Notable Correspondents from Series 2.2
List represents only a selection of correspondents.
- Albright-Knox Art Gallery
- American Federation of Arts
- Appelhof, Ruth Ann
- Asher, Elise
- Australian National Gallery
- Barron, Maida
- Berkson, Bill
- Collier, Oscar
- Cooper Union
- County of Nassau Office of Cultural Development
- Diamonstein, Barbaralee
- Dickler, Gerald
- Eames, Ray
- Englesmith, Tejas
- Erskine, Halley
- Forge, Andrew (Yale University)
- Franklin Siden Gallery
- Friedman, B. H.
- Friedman, Sanford
- Glaser, Bruce
- Goodman, Naomi
- Gray, Cleve
- Gregory-Hood, Alex (Rowan Gallery)
- Guggenheim Museum
- Guild Hall
- Holladay, Billie
- Howard, Richard
- Howell, Douglas Morse
- Hubbard, E. W.
- Janie C. Lee Gallery
- Johnson, Philip
- Landau, Ellen
- Lauck, Anthony
- Lloyd, Frank
- Marlborogh Fine Art, Ltd.
- Martha Jackson Gallery
- Matter, Mercedes
- McHenry, Barnabas (Barney)
- Michael, Marjorie
- Museum of Modern Art
- Myers, John Bernard
- Namuth, Hans
- Nemser, Cindy
- New York WPA Artists, Inc.
- Nochlin, Linda
- Novak, Barbara
- O'Connor, Francis
- Oppler, Ellen
- Ossorio, Alfonso
- Pace Gallery
- Parrish Art Museum
- Pavia, Philip
- Pollock, Jay
- Rago, Louise Elliott
- Robert Miller Gallery
- Robertson, Bryan
- Rose, Barbara
- Russell, Bertrand
- Schilling, Marge
- School of Visual Arts
- Sidney Janis Gallery
- Siegel, Adele
- Smithsonian Institution
- Spaeth, Elaine
- Stasik, Andrew
- Still, Clyfford
- Stony Brook Foundation
- Tate Gallery
- Thaw, Eugene V.
- Thayer, Jeanne
- Valliere, James
- Van Fossen, Ted
- Whitechapel Art Gallery
- Whitney, David
- Whitney Museum of American Art
- Wise, Howard