Baldwin, Calvin Benham
Active in Washington, D.C.; Conn.
Sound recordings: 1 sound tape reel ; 7 in.
Transcript: 34 p.
Collection Summary: An interview of C.B. Baldwin conducted 1965 Feb. 25, by Richard K. Doud, for the Archives of American Art. Baldwin speaks of his family's influence on his development; working in Washington, D.C. with Rexford Tugwell for the Department of Agriculture; the New Deal projects which led to the formation of the Farm Security Administration; the photography project of the Farm Security Administration; finding photographers for the project; the usefulness of the work produced by the FSA. He recalls Roy Stryker.
Biographical/Historical Note: C. B. (Calvin Benhan) Baldwin (1902-1975) was an administrator with the Farm Security Administration. The Farm Security Administration, established in 1937, under the direction of Roy Emerson Stryker, was a bureau to oversee the government's programs concerning rural poverty. The Resettlement Administration and its programs fell under the FSA's auspices. The Resettlement Administration was founded in 1935 to develop programs which utilized, rehabilitated, and improved the land and the work for tenant and sharecropper families. Its Historic Section photographed the harsh living conditions of poverty-stricken rural and urban America. After 1942, the photographs project was transplanted to the Office of War Information, and the emphasis of the project shifted from rural and urban conditions throughout Depression-era U.S. to the domestic impact of the war. In 1946, Congress created the Farmers Home Administration (FHA) which absorbed the FSA and its programs.
This interview conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.