Henry and Rose Pearlman papers, 1893-1995, bulk 1950-1980

A Finding Aid to the Henry and Rose Pearlman Papers, 1893-1995, bulk 1950-1980, in the Archives of American Art, by Vanessa Catanzaro

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Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Princeton Art Museum.

Table of Contents:



Biographical Information

Henry Pearlman (1895-1974), was a lifelong resident of New York City and primary collector of Post-Impressionist art work.

Henry Pearlman rose through the ranks of the business world to found his own company, Eastern Cold Storage, in 1919. In 1925, he married Rose. In the early 1940s, Pearlman purchased a few realist paintings, but it wasn't until his 1943 purchase of Chaim Soutine's Village Square that he was inspired to build what would become a noted collection of Post-Impressionist works. Over the next three decades, Pearlman acquired numerous works by such well-known artists as Soutine, Modigliani, Cezanne, Van Gogh, Renoir, Manet, Matisse, and Toulouse-Lautrec, in addition to those of lesser-known artists. In the early 1950s, Pearlman began collecting Cezanne watercolors. These paintings would become the cornerstone of his collection and would be exhibited around the world. Pearlman died in 1974, leaving his wife, Rose, to manage his collection until her death in 1994. From the mid-1970s, the Pearlman Collection has been on long-term loan to the Princeton Art Museum.

The Pearlmans founded the Henry and Rose Pearlman Foundation in the 1950s. Much of the Pearlmans' artwork is now officially owned by the Foundation.

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Overview of the Collection

Scope and Contents

The Henry and Rose Pearlman papers measure 4.3 linear feet and document the activities of art collectors Henry and Rose Pearlman through correspondence, research materials, exhibition catalogs, photographs of artwork and exhibitions, and clippings ranging from 1909 to 1995 (bulk 1950-1980). Most of the materials relate to artists and pieces represented in the Pearlmans' collection, although a small amount of material concerns works considered or researched by Pearlman, but not purchased.

The bulk of the collection concerns the lending, reproduction, and exhibition of works of art owned by the Pearlmans and their foundation. Supplemental research material such as exhibition catalogs, photographs of artworks, and articles and clippings on artists, artworks or other private collections, make up most of the remainder. Oversized materials include a catalogue of the Pearlman Collection, a portfolio of reproductions of the Cezanne watercolors belonging to the Pearlmans, and photographs comparing Toulouse-Lautrec's Parody of the Bois Sacre aux Arts et Muses to the original.

Arrangement and Series Description

The collection has been arranged into four series.

Subjects and Names

This collection is indexed in the online catalog of the Archives of American Art under the following index terms.

Subjects:

  • Cézanne, Paul, 1839-1906
  • Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de, 1864-1901

Subjects-Topical:

  • Art -- Collectors and collecting -- New York (State) -- New York

Types of Materials:

  • Photographs

Names:

  • Pearlman, Rose, b. 1901
  • The Henry and Rose Pearlman Foundation

Provenance

The Henry and Rose Pearlman papers were donated to the Archives of American Art in 2004 by Dorothy Edelman and Marge Scheuer, daughters of Henry and Rose Pearlman, care of the Henry and Rose Pearlman Foundation.

How the Collection was Processed

The collection was processed in July 2005, by Vanessa Catanzaro, with funding support from the Henry and Rose Pearlman Foundation. The collection was prepared for scanning by Judy Ng and fully digitized in 2011 with funding provided by the Princeton Art Museum.


How to Use the Collection

Restrictions on Use

Use of original papers requires an appointment.

Ownership & Literary Rights

The Henry and Rose Pearlman papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.

Available Formats

The bulk of the collection was digitized in 2011 and is available via the Archives of American Art's website. Blank pages, blank versos of photographs, photographs of artwork, duplicates, and medical, legal, and personal financial documents have not been scanned. In most cases, only the cover, title page, and individual relevant pages have been scanned from published materials. A few documents were not scanned at the request of the Princeton Art Museum because they contained sensitive information.

How to Cite this Collection

Henry and Rose Pearlman papers, 1893-1995, bulk 1950-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

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Detailed Description and Container Inventory

Series 1: General Collection Files, 1950-1995
(Box 1, 5; 8 folders)

This series contains general materials relating to the Pearlmans' collection as a whole. It contains informational sheets and photocopies of a card catalog index describing various pieces in the collection; legal documents reflecting the donation of artwork from the Pearlmans' private collection to that of their foundation; a short, illustrated volume written by Mr. Pearlman describing his experiences building his collection; exhibition catalogs for collection-wide shows; newspaper clippings about those exhibitions; and photographs of the collection as installed in Mr. Pearlman's New York office. Artwork information includes an appraisal of the collection from 1989.

The bulk of this series has been scanned. Personal financial information has not been scanned and only the cover, title page, and individual relevant pages have been scanned from published materials.

Box Folder
1 1 Artwork Information, circa 1950-1974, 1989
(Partially scanned)
1 2 Collection Card Catalog, 1974
1 3 Henry and Rose Pearlman Foundation, Legal Documents, 1974-1990
(Partially scanned)
1 4 Exhibition Catalogs, 1952-1976
(Oversized material housed in Box 5, F1)
1 5 Book by Henry Pearlman, Reminiscences of a Collector, 1995
1 6 Clippings, 1954-1974
1 7 Photographs of Henry Pearlman's Office, circa 1960s
Box Folder
5 1 Exhibition Catalog, 1974
(Oversized material scanned with Box 1, F4)

Series 2: Artists' Files, 1893-1995
(Boxes 1-5; 3.2 linear feet)

This series contains materials relating to many of the various artists represented in the Pearlmans' collection. These materials generally include correspondence with museums, galleries, and other experts regarding the purchase, exhibition, reproduction or authenticity of a piece; artwork loan forms; research documentation; magazine articles and newspaper clippings relating to the artists or exhibits of their works; exhibition catalogs; and photographs, negatives, and slides of artwork. To maintain original order, enclosed loan forms, newsletters, and photographs have been filed with their correspondence.

Some of the artists significantly represented in this series include Cezanne, Modigliani, Degas, Soutine, and Van Gogh. The Kokoschka files include personal correspondence from the artist and his wife to the Pearlmans; the Kokoschka and Lipchitz files contain photographs of the artists with some of their work. The Various section encompasses materials relating to no particular artist or to an artist not represented fully enough for a subseries.

The bulk of this series has been scanned. Photographic reproductions of artwork have not been scanned and only the cover, title page, and individual relevant pages have been scanned from published materials.

Box Folder
1 8 Cezanne, Correspondence, 1948-1961
1 9 Cezanne, Correspondence, 1962-1979
1 10 Cezanne, Correspondence, 1980-1993
1 11 Cezanne, Exhibition Catalogs, 1950-1974
(Oversized material housed in Box 5, F2)
1 12 Cezanne, Booklet, Color Test of Mt. St. Victoire, circa 1950-1974
1 13 Cezanne, Booklet, Understanding Cezanne, circa 1950-1960
1 14 Cezanne, Articles and Clippings, 1920-1956
1 15 Cezanne, Articles and Clippings, 1960-1989
1 16 Cezanne, Articles and Clippings, circa 1920-1989
1 17 Cezanne, Photographic Material, Artwork, Black and White Copy Prints, circa 1950-1974
(Not scanned)
1 18 Cezanne, Photographic Material, Artwork, Negatives and Transparencies, circa 1950-1974
1 19 Cezanne, Photographic Material, Original Prints, circa 1950-1974
1 20 Courbet, Correspondence, Printed and Photographic Material, 1960-1961
1 21 Daumier, Correspondence, Printed and Photographic Material, 1958-1971
1 22 Degas, Correspondence, 1958-1994
1 23 Degas, Books and Exhibition Catalogs, 1918
1 24 Degas, Books and Exhibition Catalogs, 1919
Box Folder
2 1 Degas, Books and Exhibition Catalogs, 1927-1959
2 2 Degas, Articles and Clippings, 1921-1963
2 3 Degas, Photographic Material, Artwork, circa 1950-1974
2 4 Gauguin, Correspondence, 1949-1992
2 5 Gauguin, Books and Exhibition Catalogs, 1893-1954
2 6 Gauguin, Books and Exhibition Catalogs, 1956-1960
2 7 Gauguin, Articles and Clippings, 1959-1966
2 8 Gauguin, Photographic Material, Artwork, circa 1930-1974
2 9 Hartley, Correspondence, 1953
2 10 Kokoschka, Correspondence, General, 1948-1994
2 11 Kokoschka, Correspondence, with Artist, 1948-1968
2 12 Kokoschka, Appraisal, 1954
2 13 Kokoschka, Exhibition Catalog, 1947
2 14 Kokoschka, Articles and Clippings, 1948-1979
2 15 Kokoschka, Photographic Material, Artwork, circa 1950-1974
2 16 Kokoschka, Photographic Material, Original Prints, circa 1948-1968
2 17 Lipchitz, Correspondence, 1957-1991
2 18 Lipchitz, Exhibition Catalogs, 1951-1972
2 19 Lipchitz, Articles and Clippings, 1954, 1973
2 20 Lipchitz, Photographic Material, Artwork, circa 1950-1974
2 21 Lipchitz, Photographic Material, Original Prints, circa 1950-1974
2 22 Manet, Correspondence and Printed Material, 1909-1988
2 23 Manet, Photographic Material, Artwork, circa 1950-1974
2 24 Marchutz, Printed Material, 1957-1969
2 25 Marchutz, Leo Marchutz School of Painting and Drawing, 1969-1978
2 26 Margules, Poem, "Passage to Parthenon," 1959
2 27 Matisse, Correspondence, 1951-1978
2 28 Matisse, Photographic Material, Artwork, circa 1950-1974
2 29 Matisse, Photographic Material, Original Prints, circa 1950-1974
2 30 Modigliani, Correspondence, 1951-1979
2 31 Modigliani, Correspondence, 1980-1993
2 32 Modigliani, Books and Exhibition Catalogs, 1931-1951
2 33 Modigliani, Books and Exhibition Catalogs, 1952-1955
2 34 Modigliani, Books and Exhibition Catalogs, 1957-1963
2 35 Modigliani, Articles and Clippings, 1951-1967
2 36 Modigliani, Photographic Material, Artwork, circa 1950-1974
2 37 Modigliani, Photographic Material, Original Prints, circa 1950-1974
2 38 Molenaer, Correspondence and Printed Material, 1947-1970
2 39 Pisarro, Printed and Photographic Material, 1904-1975
2 40 Prendergast, Correspondence and Printed Material, 1960, 1990-1992
2 41 Renoir, Correspondence, 1952, 1959
2 42 Renoir, Exhibition Catalogs, 1910-1958
2 43 Renoir, Articles, 1919, 1959
2 44 Renoir, Photographic Material, Artwork, circa 1950-1974
2 45 Robert, Correspondence, 1939-1975
2 46 Robert, Printed and Photographic Material, circa 1950-1974
Box Folder
3 1 Soutine, Correspondence, 1952-1987
3 2 Soutine, Research Information, circa 1950-1974
3 3 Soutine, Books and Exhibition Catalogs, 1928-1952
3 4 Soutine, Books and Exhibition Catalogs, 1953-1958
3 5 Soutine, Articles and Clippings, 1932-1983
3 6 Soutine, Photographic Material, Artwork, circa 1950-1974
3 7 Toulouse-Lautrec, Correspondence, 1953-1992
3 8 Toulouse-Lautrec, Exhibition Catalogs, 1938, 1956
3 9 Toulouse-Lautrec, Le Bois Sacre aux Arts et Muses, circa 1950-1974
(Oversized material housed in Box 5, F3)
3 10 Toulouse-Lautrec, Articles and Clippings, 1938-1985
3 11 Toulouse-Lautrec, Photographic Material, Artwork, circa 1950-1974
3 12 Toulouse-Lautrec, Photographic Material, Original Prints, circa 1950-1974
3 13 Van Gogh, Correspondence, 1949-1992
3 14 Van Gogh, Research Information, 1906-1946
3 15 Van Gogh, Exhibition Catalogs, 1901-1971
3 16 Van Gogh, Articles and Clippings, 1892-1971
3 17 Van Gogh, Photographic Material, Artwork, Glass Negatives, circa 1950-1974
3 18 Van Gogh, Photographic Material, Artwork, Prints and Negatives, circa 1950-1974
3 19 Van Gogh, Photographic Material, Original Prints, circa 1950-1974
3 20 Various, Correspondence, A-C, circa 1944-1994
3 21 Various, Correspondence, D-M, circa 1944-1994
3 22 Various, Correspondence, N-R, circa 1944-1994
3 23 Various, Correspondence, S-Z, circa 1944-1994
3 24 Various, Correspondence, unidentified, circa 1944-1974
3 25 Various, Exhibition Catalogs, 1921-1936
3 26 Various, Exhibition Catalogs, 1938-1940
3 27 Various, Exhibition Catalogs, 1944-1967
3 28 Various, Exhibition Catalogs, 1969-1989
3 29 Various, Private Collection Tours, Individuals, 1958-1968
3 30 Various, Private Collection Tours, Institutions, 1957-1963
3 31 Various, Private Collection Tours, American Federation of Arts, 1956-1963
3 32 Various, Private Collection Tours, Museum of Modern Art, 1955-1967
3 33 Various, Articles and Clippings on Private Collections, circa 1916-1979
Box Folder
4 1 Various, Articles and Clippings, 1930-1952
4 2 Various, Articles and Clippings, 1955-1985
4 3 Various, Articles and Clippings, circa 1930-1985
4 4 Various, Photographic Material, Artwork, circa 1950-1974
4 5 Various, Photographic Material, Unidentified Artwork, Prints, circa 1950-1974
4 6 Various, Photographic Material, Unidentified Artwork, Negatives, circa 1950-1974
4 7 Various, Photographic Material, Unidentified Salons, Original Prints circa 1950-1974
Box Folder
5 2 Cézanne Watercolor Prints, circa 1950s
(Oversized material scanned with Box 1, F11)
5 3 Toulouse-Lautrec Parody Comparison, circa 1950-1974
(Oversized material scanned with Box 3, F9)

Series 3: Museum Files, 1951-1994
(Box 4; 20 folders)

This series contains materials relating to the exhibition of the Pearlmans' collection at museums around the United States. These materials typically include correspondence and loan forms, as well as photographs of many exhibitions. Exhibitions have been identified from documents within the collection where possible. These files also contain extensive correspondence between Mrs. Pearlman and the staff of the Art Museum of Princeton, where the Pearlmans' collection remains on long-term loan.

The bulk of this series has been scanned. Personal financial information has not been scanned and only the cover, title page, and individual relevant pages have been scanned from published materials.

Box Folder
4 8 Art Museum of Princeton, Correspondence, 1973-1979
(Partially scanned)
4 9 Art Museum of Princeton, Correspondence, 1980-1984
(Partially scanned)
4 10 Art Museum of Princeton, Correspondence, 1985-1989
(Partially scanned)
4 11 Art Museum of Princeton, Correspondence, 1990-1994
(Partially scanned)
4 12 Baltimore Museum of Art, Correspondence, 1952-1964
4 13 Baltimore Museum of Art, Printed Material, 1951
4 14 Baltimore Museum of Art, Photographs of Exhibition Installation, 1958
4 15 The Brooklyn Museum, Correspondence, 1955-1991
4 16 The Brooklyn Museum, Printed Material, 1964, 1991
4 17 Cleveland Museum of Art, Correspondence and Photographs of Exhibition Installation, 1951
4 18 Detroit Institute of Arts, Photographs of Exhibition Installation, 1967
4 19 Knoedler Gallery, Correspondence and Photographs of Exhibition Installation, 1959
4 20 Metropolitan Museum of Art, Correspondence, 1952-1989
4 21 Metropolitan Museum of Art, Printed Material, 1973
4 22 Museum of Modern Art, Correspondence, 1950-1983
4 23 Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Correspondence, 1964-1977
4 24 National Gallery of Art, Correspondence, 1972-1988
4 25 Wadsworth Atheneum, Correspondence and Photographs of Exhibition Installation, 1970-1973
4 26 Various, Two Japanese Museums, Booklets, circa 1980s
4 27 Various, Photographs of Unidentified Exhibition Installations, circa 1958-1962

Series 4: Personal Files, 1966-1993
(Box 4; 5 folders)

This series contains a small amount of the Pearlmans' personal and business correspondence including letters, cards, and stock transactions; newspaper clippings relating to the Frigitemp company; an assortment of business cards and handwritten lists and notes; and personal photographs.

The bulk of this series has been scanned. Personal medical information has not been scanned.

Box Folder
4 28 Personal Correspondence, 1966-1992
(Partially scanned)
4 29 Business Correspondence, 1978-1993
4 30 Business-Related Clippings, 1974-1971
4 31 Miscellaneous, circa 1960-1975
4 32 Photographic Materials, Original Prints and Slide, circa 1930-1991