Harry Sternberg papers, 1927-2000

A Finding Aid to the Harry Sternberg Papers, 1927-2000, in the Archives of American Art, by Erin Corley

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Funding for the processing of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art

Table of Contents:



Biographical Information

Harry Sternberg (1904-2001) was a New York painter, muralist, printmaker, etcher, teacher, and political activist who relocated to California in 1957.

Harry Sternberg was born in 1904 in the Lower East Side of New York City and grew up in Brooklyn. As a child he attended his school art club where he met and became lifelong friends with artists Peter Blume and Philip Reisman. He took free Saturday art classes at the Brooklyn Museum of Art for two years and attended the Art Students League part time from 1922 to 1927 where he studied with George Bridgman. In 1926 he shared a studio with Philip Reisman where they received private instruction in etching from Harry Wickey. Sternberg began exhibiting his etchings and intermittently had drawings published in New Masses, a prominent American Marxist publication. In the late 1920s he became friends with Hudson Walker who also became a major collector of his work. In 1933 Sternberg was hired as instructor of etching, lithography, and composition at the Art Students League and continued teaching there for the next 33 years. Also around this time he became politically active in artist rights organizations, serving on the planning committee to create the American Artists' Congress and later serving as an active member of the Artists Equity Association. In 1935 he became the technical advisor of the Graphic Art Division of the Federal Art Project. From 1937 to 1939 he completed three federal mural commissions. His first mural Carrying the Mail was created for the Sellersville, Pennsylvania post office in 1937. His most famous mural Chicago: Epoch of a Great City was painted for the Lakeview post office in Chicago. It depicts the history of the city and its workers, particularly life for the workers in Chicago??s stockyards and steel mills.

During the 1940s Sternberg remained very active in arts organizations, as one of the founders of the National Serigraph Society and a member of the Committee on Art and Education in Society. In 1942 he published the first of five books on printing. Sternberg had his first retrospective in 1953 at ACA Galleries, and in 1957 he taught summer painting courses at the Idyllwild School of Music and the Arts in California. He continued teaching in the summers there from 1960 to 1967 and 1981 to 1989. Suffering from lung disease, Sternberg moved with his wife, Mary, to Escondido, California in 1966 in hopes that the climate would improve his health. In 1972 he was elected to the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. During the 1970s and 1980s Sternberg traveled extensively throughout the US and Mexico where he found new inspiration for his artwork. He continued teaching, exhibiting, and creating new work until his death in 2001.

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Overview of the Collection

Scope and Contents

The papers of New York City and California painter, printmaker, and teacher Harry Sternberg date from 1927 to 2000 and measure 3.2 linear feet. The collection documents Sternberg's career as an artist and art instructor through scattered biographical material, correspondence with friends, artists, collectors, curators, art organizations, universities, and galleries, writings by Sternberg and others, exhibition catalogs and announcements, news clippings, and other printed material. Also found are photographs of Sternberg and his artwork, two sketchbooks and three loose drawings by Sternberg, audio visual recordings, and one scrapbook.

Biographical material includes an interview of Sternberg conducted by art curator Malcolm Warner, two ledgers documenting business activities, scattered financial and legal documents, and files regarding a few of his projects, including the film "Many Worlds of Art". Sternberg's personal and professional correspondence is with friends, artists, including Harry Wickey, Rockwell Kent, Philip Evergood, and Peter Blume, collectors and curators such as Hudson Walker and Carl Zigrosser, and art organizations, universities, and galleries.

The small number of writings by Sternberg in this collection includes drafts of articles and lectures, a manuscript for a book on etching, and notes. Writings by others consists of draft writings about Sternberg, draft exhibition catalogs, and writings by the artists Arthur Secunda and David Alfaro Siqueiros. Over one-third of this collection is printed material, including exhibition catalogs and announcements, news clippings, books written by Sternberg, school publications, and material regarding art events.

Also found are photographs of Sternberg in his studio, with students, with his wife Mary, and at the Idyllwild School. Other photographs include group photographs of Art Students League faculty as well as photographs of exhibitions, murals, and artwork. The collection also contains original artwork including two sketchbooks and three loose drawings by Sternberg and one scrapbook of news clippings and exhibition materials. Audio and video materials include several interviews of Sternberg and a video copy of his film "Many Worlds of Art".

Arrangement and Series Description

The collection is arranged into 8 series:

Subjects and Names

This collection is indexed in the online catalog of the Archives of American Art under the following terms:

Subjects:

  • Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)--Faculty
  • Idyllwild School and Museum for the Arts--Faculty

Subjects-Topical:

  • Artists' studios--Photographs
  • Educators--California
  • Educators--New York (State)--New York
  • Painting, American
  • Painters--California
  • Painters--New York (State)--New York
  • Printmakers--California
  • Printmakers--New York (State)--New York

Types of Materials:

  • Drafts (documents)
  • Drawings
  • Interviews
  • Manuscripts
  • Notes
  • Photographs
  • Scrapbooks
  • Sketchbooks
  • Sound recordings
  • Video recordings

Names:

  • Blume, Peter, 1906-
  • Evergood, Philip, 1901-1973
  • Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971
  • Secunda, Arthur
  • Siqueiros, David Alfaro
  • Walker, Hudson D. (Hudson Dean), 1907-1976
  • Warner, Malcolm, 1953-
  • Wickey, Harry
  • Zigrosser, Carl, 1891-

Provenance

The Harry Sternberg papers were donated by Sternberg in several installments from 1967 to 2001.

Separated and Related Materials

Also found in the Archives of American Art are the May Konheim papers concerning Harry Sternberg, 1934-1981, and an oral history interview of Harry Sternberg, conducted March 19, 1999, October 8, 1999, and January 7, 2000, by Sally Yard for the Archives of American Art

How the Collection was Processed

Portions of the collection received a preliminary level of processing at some point after donation. Portions of the papers were microfilmed on reels D339, 138, and 146; later donations were not microfilmed. The microfilm reels are no longer in circulation as they do not represent the entire collection. All accretions were integrated and fully processed, arranged, and described by Erin Corley in 2008 with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.


How to Use the Collection

Restrictions on Use

Use of original papers requires an appointment.

Ownership & Literary Rights

The Harry Sternberg papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.

How to Cite this Collection

Harry Sternberg papers, 1927-2008. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

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Detailed Description and Container Inventory

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1927-2000
(Box 1, OV 5; 0.3 linear feet)

Biographical materials include career summaries and lists of his achievements, a transcript of an interview with Sternberg by art curator Malcolm Warner, and two ledgers containing price lists for etchings, sale records, dealer lists, and address lists. Other items found here include scattered financial documents and business contracts for the publishing of his books and teaching jobs. Sternberg also maintained files for certain activities he identified as "business ventures" including the design and production of Prest-Glass, a corrugated fiberglass. Also found is a file on his design and production of an easel seat, including original drawings for the design, and a file regarding the film, "The Many Worlds of Art", which he produced and directed. This file includes contracts, program notes, correspondence, and printed material about the project. Audio recordings of interviews with Sternberg are found in Series 7.

Items are arranged chronologically within each folder.

Box Folder
1 1 Career Summaries, 1960s-1990s
1 2 Transcript, Interview with Malcolm Warner, 1994
(See also audio cassettes in Series 7, Box 3)
1 3 City Patrol Corps Discharge Certificate, 1944
1 4 Ledger, 1927-1936
1 5 Ledger, 1927-1947
1 6 Financial Documents & Receipts, 1944-1947, 1984, undated
1 7 Business Contracts, 1941-1957
1 8 File Regarding "Business Ventures", 1932, 1947
1 9 File Regarding Easel Seat Design, circa 1950s
(Oversized materials also filed in OV 5)
1 10 File Regarding the Film "The Many Worlds of Art", 1960-1967
1 11 File Regarding Committee on Art Education, 2000
1 12 Sternberg Business Card, 1966
1 13 Exhibition Label, 1976
Box
OV 5 File Regarding Easel Seat Design, circa 1950s
(From Box 1, F9)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1928-2000
(Box 1; 0.3 linear feet)

Sternberg's personal and professional correspondence includes correspondence with friends and fellow artists Rockwell Kent, Philip Evergood, and Peter Blume; art collector Hudson Walker; curator Carl Zigrosser, and author and friend Erle Stanley Gardner. Also found is correspondence with art organizations, art galleries and museums regarding the loan, sale, and exhibition of his artwork, and with colleges and universities regarding the exhibition of his work and teaching and lecture opportunities. Additional correspondence includes letters from former students and art scholars as well as letters of congratulations. This series also includes a large number of letters written by Sternberg to his friend William Karp, letters to Sternberg from his former teacher Harry Wickey, and holiday cards designed by Sternberg.

General correspondence is arranged in chronological order followed by undated correspondence which is arranged in alphabetical order.

Box Folder
1 14 General Correspondence, 1932-1960
1 15 General Correspondence, 1961-1970
1 16-17 General Correspondence, 1971-1980
(2 folders)
1 18-19 General Correspondence, 1981-1995
(2 folders)
1 20 General Correspondence, 1997-2000
1 21 Undated General Correspondence, circa 1932-2000
1 22-26 Correspondence with William & Mina Karp, 1946-1961, 1966-1983
(5 folders)
1 27 Correspondence with Harry Wickey, 1928-1930, 1948-1953
1 28 Holiday Cards, circa 1940s-1980s, 1998

Series 3: Writings, circa 1940s-2000
(Box 1, 4; 0.2 linear feet)

Writings by Sternberg include draft typescripts and manuscripts for a book on etching, a draft of a lecture "Art as Skilled Activity", a guide on buying art written with Verna Small for the Artists Equity Association, and other miscellaneous drafts of essays, talks, and autobiographical writings. Writings by others include a homemade newsletter written by artist Arthur Secunda, a statement written and signed by artist and political activist David Alfaro Siqueiros, and a thesis about Sternberg's work. Among the miscellaneous writings about Sternberg is an article by gallery owner Harry Salpeter. The author of a talk entitled "The Lost Island" is unidentified, but may have been written by Sternberg.

Box Folder
1 29 Harry Sternberg, Draft Article about Poster as Art Medium, circa 1940s
(Oversized item housed in Box 4)
1 30 Harry Sternberg, Drafts of Book on Etching, circa 1949
1 31 Harry Sternberg, "Art As Skilled Activity", 1952
1 32 Harry Sternberg & Verna Small, "Art That Belongs to You", 1953
1 33 Harry Sternberg, Miscellaneous Writings & Notes, circa 1940s-1970s
1 34 Arthur Secunda, "The L. A. Bugle", 2000
1 35 David Alfaro Siqueiros, "To All Those Who Struggled for My Liberty, With My Most Profound Acknowledgement", 1964
1 36 Anne Suydam, Masters Thesis, "Social Consciousness in American Graphic Art and Its Reflection in the Prints of Harry Sternberg, 1929-1940", 1969
1 37 Various Authors, Miscellaneous Writings about Harry Sternberg, 1945, 1950, circa 1950s
1 38 Unknown Author, "The Lost Island - A Travelogue", circa 1990s
1 39 Draft Exhibition Catalog, "The Prints of Harry Sternberg", 1994
1 40 Draft Exhibition Checklist, California Centre for the Arts Exhibition, 2000
Box
4 Harry Sternberg, Draft Article about Poster as Art Medium, circa 1940s
(From Box 1, F29)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1933-2000
(Box 1-3; 1.2 linear feet)

There is a wide variety of printed materials, including academic catalogs and brochures, mostly from the Idyllwild School of Music and the Arts; publications from the Art Students League, such as catalogs, brochures, and newsletters; and several books written by Sternberg and others. Also found are exhibition announcements, invitations, and catalogs for exhibitions of Sternberg and others including several of his former students. News Clippings, magazines, and journals consist of articles about Sternberg, exhibitions of his work, reproductions of his artwork, and art-related events. Other items found here which document significant events during his career include newsletters, press releases, and programs.

Folders are arranged by type of material and items are arranged chronologically within each folder.

Box Folder
1 41 Academic Catalogs & Brochures, 1967, 1981-1994
1 42-43 Art Students League Publications, circa 1940-1968, 1981-1994
(2 folders)
Box Folder
2 1 Book, Harry Sternberg, Silk Screen Color Printing, 1942
2 2 Book, Harry Sternberg, Composition: The Anatomy of Picture Making, 1958
2 3 Book, Harry Sternberg, Realistic Abstract Art, 1959
2 4 Book, Julian Levy, Modern Art: An Introduction, 1961
2 5 Book, Hudson Walker, Gaul Was Divided into 3 Parts, 1975
2 6 Book Publication Announcements, 1938, 1975, 1988, 1992
2 7-10 Exhibition Announcements & Invitations, 1963-2000
(4 folders)
2 11 Undated Exhibition Announcements & Invitations, circa 1963-2000
2 12-14 Exhibition Catalogs, 1943, 1953-1981
(3 folders)
2 15-22 Exhibition Catalogs, 1982-2000
(8 folders)
2 23 Undated Exhibition Catalogs, circa 1950s-1990s
2 24 Magazines & Journals, 1954, 1978
2 25-26 Magazines & Journals, 1986-2000
(2 folders)
Box Folder
3 1-4 News Clippings, 1933-1956, 1967-1989
(4 folders)
3 5-6 News Clippings, 1990-2000
(2 folders)
3 7 Undated News Clippings, circa 1933-2000
3 8 Newsletters, 1954, 1981-1998
3 9 Press Releases, 1939-1998
3 10 Programs, 1980, 1997
3 11 Reproductions of Artwork, circa 1930s-1990s
3 12 Miscellaneous Printed Material, circa 1940s-1990s

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1930s-1998
(Box 3, 4; 0.3 linear feet)

Photographs include those which depict Harry Sternberg posing with his artwork, in his studio, at the Idyllwild School of Music and the Arts, with students, and with his wife Mary. Also found are two group photographs of faculty at the Art Students League, including Sternberg. Additional photographs are of his murals and other artwork and designs; exhibitions, including a 1949 exhibition at the Carnegie Institute and an unidentified exhibition.

Photographs are arranged by subject.

Box Folder
3 13 Photographs of Harry Sternberg, circa 1930s-1979, 2000
(Oversized items housed in Box 4)
3 14 Photographs of Harry Sternberg in Idyllwild, California, 1958-1963
3 15 Photographs of Harry and Mary Sternberg in Escondido, California, circa 1970s
3 16 Group Photographs of Art Students League Instructors, 1952, circa 1960
3 17 Photographs of Murals, 1930s-1940s
3 18 Photographs of Exhibitions, 1949, circa 1990s
3 19-21 Photographs of Artwork, circa 1970s-1980s
(3 folders)
3 22 Photographs of Artwork, 1998
3 23 Photostat Copies of Artwork, circa 1930s
3 24 Negatives of Photographs of Artwork, undated
Box
4 Photographs of Harry Sternberg, circa 1930s-1979, 2000
(From Box 3, F13)

Series 6: Artwork, circa 1928-1980s
(Box 3, OV 5; 0.2 linear feet)

Artwork in this series includes two sketchbooks belonging to Sternberg. The sketchbook from circa 1928 contains sketches in pencil and ink of subway riders, including many close-ups of their faces. The second sketchbook of a later date contains annotated ink drawings of Sternberg's design ideas for art tools, furniture, and other functional objects. Also found in this series are two loose drawings of subway riders and a drawing of a tugboat all by Sternberg and a Poster depicting Sternberg created by his students for his birthday party at the Idyllwild School.

Box Folder
3 25 Sketchbook, circa 1928
3 26 Sketchbook, circa 1940s-1950s
3 27 Drawings by Sternberg, circa 1930s
(Oversized, housed in OV 5)
3 28 Birthday Poster for Sternberg, circa 1960s-1980s
(See OV 5)
Box
OV 5 Drawings by Sternberg, circa 1930s
(See Box 3, F27)
OV 5 Birthday Poster for Sternberg, circa 1960s-1980s
(From Box 3, F28)

Series 7: Audio Visual Material, circa 1980s-2000
(Box 3; 0.5 linear feet)

This series contains audio and video recordings documenting Sternberg's career as an artist. Included are audio recordings of Sternberg's interview with art curator Malcolm Warner, and three video interviews of Sternberg conducted by the Felicita Foundation, Tony di Gesu for KUSI-TV in San Diego, and by the television program "Made in America." Also found is a videocassette copy of the film "Many Worlds of Art" directed and produced by Sternberg.

Box Folder
3 29 Sternberg Interview with Malcolm Warner, 1994
(2 sound cassettes; see also Interview Transcript, Box 1, F2)
3 30 "Many Worlds of Art", circa early 1980s
(1 videocassette, VHS)
3 31 Felicita Foundation: "Touch & See" and "Harry Sternberg", circa 1980s
(1 videocassette, VHS)
3 32-33 Sternberg Interview with Tony di Gesu, 1983-1984
(2 videocassettes, VHS; 2 folders)
3 34 Sternberg Interview, "Made In America: Sunday at 7", 2000
(1 CD-ROM)

Series 8: Scrapbook, 1929-1958
(Box 4; 0.2 linear feet)

This series consists of one disbound scrapbook containing newspaper and magazine clippings and a few exhibition printed materials documenting Harry Sternberg's career as an artist.

Box
4 Scrapbook, 1929-1958