Eugenie Gershoy papers, 1914-1983

A Finding Aid to the Eugenie Gershoy Papers, 1914-1983, in the Archives of American Art, by Jean Fitzgerald

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Table of Contents:



Biographical Information

Born in Krivoi Rog, Russia on January 1, 1901, Eugenie was the youngest of the Gershoy children. The family immigrated to New York City in 1903. She later became a U.S. citizen.

With the aid of two scholarships, she attended the Art Students League and studied under A. Stirling Calder, Leo Lentelli, Kenneth Hayes Miller, Boardman Robinson, and Carl Walters. During the late 1920s and early 1930s, she maintained a studio with Harry Gottlieb in Woodstock, New York. From 1936 to 1939, under the WPA Federal Art Project, she worked in conjunction with Max Spivak on murals for the children's recreation room in the Astoria branch of the Queens Borough Public Library, New York.

Gershoy's first solo show was at the Robinson Gallery in New York in 1940. Following a year of teaching at the New Orleans Art School, she moved to San Francisco in 1942. In 1946 she taught ceramics at the California School of Fine Arts, and in May 1950, she studied at Yaddo.

In addition to visits to England and France in the early 1930s, Gershoy travelled to Mexico and Guatemala in 1947, 1948, and 1961. She worked in Paris in 1951 and toured Africa, India, and the Orient in 1955.

Eugenie Gershoy died in 1986.

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Overview of the Collection

Scope and Contents

The Eugenie Gershoy papers date from 1914 to 1983, measure 7.2 linear feet, and reflect Gershoy's career as a sculptor and teacher. The collection contains biographical material, correspondence, business records, notes, writings, artwork of Gershoy and others, printed material including exhibition catalogs, and photographs with subjects including Gershoy, her friends and colleagues, her studio, and her artwork.

Correspondence forms the bulk of the collection and includes correspondence between Gershoy and her siblings and their families regarding her activities, as well as with colleagues, many of whom were associated with the Woodstock Artist Association, and many of whom were museum colleagues.

Arrangement and Series Description

The collection is arranged into eight series according to material type. The contents of each series have been arranged chronologically.

Subjects and Names

This collection is indexed in the online catalog of the Archives of American Art under the following terms:

Subjects:

  • Calder, Alexander Stirling, 1870-1945
  • Gottlieb, Harry, 1895-
  • Nakian, Reuben, 1897-
  • Pollet, Joseph, 1897-1979
  • Scaravaglione, Concetta Maria, 1900-1975
  • Varda, Jean
  • Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)
  • Federal Art Project (N.Y.)
  • Woodstock Artists Association (Woodstock, N.Y.)
  • Yaddo (Artist's colony)

Subjects-Topical:

  • Artists' studios -- New York (State) -- New York -- Photographs
  • Federal aid to the arts
  • Artists -- New York (State) -- Woodstock
  • Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York
  • Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York
  • Women sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York
  • Painters -- New York (State) -- New York
  • Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews

Subjects-Geographical:

  • Woodstock (N.Y.)

Types of Materials:

  • Christmas cards
  • Photographs
  • Prints
  • Sketchbooks
  • Sketches

Names:

  • Baker, Mildred, 1905-
  • Blanch, Arnold, 1896-1968
  • Blanch, Lucile, 1895-1981
  • Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme, 1896-
  • Dehn, Virginia
  • Force, Juliana, 1876-1948
  • Fruhauf, Aline, 1909-1978
  • Hart, Agnes, 1912-1979
  • Knight, Frederic C., 1898-1979
  • Marantz, Irving, 1912-1972
  • Millay, Edna St. Vincent, 1892-1950
  • Picken, George, 1898-
  • Presser, Josef, 1907-1967
  • Refregier, Anton, 1905-
  • Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974
  • Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987
  • Thomson, Virgil, 1896-

Provenance

The Eugenie Gershoy papers were donated to the Archives of American Art between 1975 and 1983 by the artist.

Separated and Related Materials

Related material in the Archives of American Art includes a transcribed oral history interview with Eugenie Gershoy conducted by Mary McChesney for the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts Oral History Program, October 15, 1964. A link to the transcript is provided from the online catalog.

How the Collection was Processed

The collection was processed by Jean Fitzgerald in 1994. Funding for the microfilming of this collection was provided by the Philip Birnbaum Foundation.


How to Use the Collection

Restrictions on Use

The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.

Ownership & Literary Rights

The Eugenie Gershoy papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.

Available Formats

The collection is available on 35 mm microfilm reels 293, and 4966-4972 at Archives of American Art offices, and through interlibrary loan.

How to Cite this Collection

Eugenie Gershoy papers, 1914-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

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Detailed Description and Container Inventory

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1939-1970
(boxes 1, 9, sol 8, 2 folders)

Biographical material includes a résumé, membership cards, award certificates, and a biographical sketch. See also sol 8 for oversized biographical material.

Box Reel
1 293 Biographical material, 1939-1970
Box Reel
9 (hol) 293 Biographical material, 1965-1971

Series 2: Correspondence, 1914-1983, undated
(boxes 1-6, sol 8, 5.8 linear ft.)

Correspondence is primarily between Gershoy and family members and colleagues. Correspondence with her sister and brothers and their families discusses Gershoy's activities, including her relationships with Harry Gottlieb and Juliana Force. Correspondence with colleagues includes letters from Elizabeth Ames of Yaddo, Mildred Baker, Arnold and Lucile Blanch, Virginia Dehn, Aline Fruhauf, Agnes Hart, Frederic Knight, Josef Presser, and Virgil Thomson. There are Christmas cards from Irving Marantz, George Picken, Anton Refregier, Moses Soyer, and Raphael Soyer. Correspondence found in box 9 is primarily from museum colleagues including Alfred Barr, Adelyn Breeskin, Juliana Force, and A. Hyatt Mayor. There is also a recommendation from Anton Refregier.

See Index for List of Notable Correspondents from Series 2

Box Reel
1 4966 Correspondence, first names only, undated
(4 folders)
1 4966 Correspondence, 1914-1937
(41 folders)
Box Reel
2 4966 Correspondence, 1942-1945
(2 folders)
2 4967 Correspondence, 1946-Mar., 1959
(45 folders)
2 4968 Correspondence, Apr.-Dec., 1959
(6 folders)
Box Reel
3 4968 Correspondence, 1960-1970
(48 folders)
3 4969 Correspondence, Jan.-Nov., 1971
(7 folders)
Box Reel
4 4969 Correspondence, Dec., 1971-Sept., 1974
(29 folders)
4 4970 Correspondence, Oct., 1974-Feb., 1976
(24 folders)
Box Reel
5 4970 Correspondence, Mar., 1976-Feb., 1978
(31 folders)
5 4971 Correspondence, Mar., 1978-Apr., 1979
(19 folders)
Box Reel
6 4971 Correspondence, May, 1979-1983
(40 folders)
Box Reel
9 (hol) 293 Correspondence, 1942-1971, undated
(10 folders)

Series 3: Business Records, 1952-1978
(box 6, 5 folders)

Business records include Gershoy's will, receipts for the delivery of artwork to museums, and loan and consignment receipts.

Box Reel
6 4971 Gershoy's will, 1952
6 4971 Receipts for delivery of artwork, 1969-1976
6 4971 Loan/consignment receipts, 1966-1967
6 4971 Miscellaneous receipts, 1967-1978
(2 folders)

Series 4: Notes, 1967-1970, undated
(box 6, 3 folders)

Notes include lists of names, as well as autographs of Georgia O'Keeffe and Woodstock artists Lucile Blanch, Agnes Hart, Doris Lee, Nicholas Marsicano, Robert Plate, Amy G. Small, Miron Sokole, and Phoebe Towbin.

Box Reel
6 4971 Lists of names, undated
6 4971 Autographs, 1970, undated
6 4971 Miscellaneous notes, 1967-1968, undated

Series 5: Writings, 1970, undated
(box 6, 2 folders)

Writings consist of short essays by Gershoy, including “Fantasy and Humor in Sculpture,” instructions on the use of plaster, and a proposed project for a program in ceramics. Writings by others include poems by Bonnie Grainger, a handwritten poem titled "Dirge Without Music" by Edna St. Vincent Millay, and an essay, "On the De-Humanization of Education," by Francis V. O'Connor.

Box Reel
6 4971 Writings by Gershoy, undated
6 4971 Writings by others, 1970, undated

Series 6: Artwork, 1932-1978, undated
(boxes 6, sol 8, 9, OV 10, 26 folders)

Art work consists of sketchbooks, drawings, and prints by Gershoy, and art work by others including Alfred Banner, Rosalind Barnett, Lucile Blanch, Petra Cabot, Betty Hamilton, and Florence Weinstein.

Box Reel
6 4971 Sketchbook 1, undated
6 4971 Sketchbook 2, undated
6 4971 Sketchbook 3, undated
6 4972 Sketchbook 4, undated
Box Reel
8 (sol) 4972 Sketchbooks 5 and 6, undated
Box Reel
6 4972 Sketchbook 7, of Mexico, 1948
6 4972 Sketchbook 8, of Mexico, 1971?
6 4972 Sketchbook 9, of Mexico, 1972
Box Reel
8 (sol) 4972 Sketchbook 10, 1973
Box Reel
6 4972 Drawings by Gershoy (see also sol 8), 1932-1978, undated
(8 folders)
Box Reel
8 (sol) 4972 Prints by Gershoy (see also OV 10), 1948, 1975
Box Reel
6 4972 Artwork by others (see also sol 8 for drawings by Rosalind Barnett), 1968-1976, undated
(3 folders)
Box Reel
9 (hol) 293 Artwork, undated
(3 folders)
9 (hol) 293 Artwork, Sketchbooks, 1941, 1949
(2 folders)

Series 7: Printed Material, 1932-1983, undated
(boxes 7 and 9, 19 folders)

Printed material includes clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs for Gershoy and others, press releases, brochures, programs, and reproductions of art work.

Box Reel
7 (hol) 4972 Clippings, 1952-1983, undated
(5 folders)
7 (hol) 4972 Exhibition announcements and catalogs for Gershoy, 1939-1983, undated
(3 folders)
7 (hol) 4972 Exhibition announcements and catalogs for others, 1932-1983
(4 folders)
7 (hol) 4972 Press releases, 1970-1977
7 (hol) 4972 Brochures, 1966-1979
7 (hol) 4972 Programs, 1968-1980
7 (hol) 4972 Reproductions of artwork, greeting cards designed by Gershoy, undated
7 (hol) 4972 Reproductions of artwork by others, undated
7 (hol) 4972 Miscellaneous printed material, 1971-1974
Box Reel
9 (hol) 293 Printed material, news clippings, 1940-1970

Series 8: Photographs, 1916-1983, undated
(boxes 7 and 9, 12 folders)

Photographs are of Gershoy, her Art Students League class with A. Stirling Calder, her friends, including Harry Gottlieb, Reuben Nakian, Joseph Pollet, Concetta Scaravaglione, Jean Varda, and her friends at Yaddo. There are also photographs of a studio interior, street views of Woodstock, New York, and art work by Gershoy and others.

Box Reel
7 (hol) 4972 Eugenie Gershoy (with friends), 1916-1983
7 (hol) 4972 Photographs of Gershoy's friends, 1940-1975
(4 folders)
7 (hol) 4972 Photograph of a studio interior, 1965
7 (hol) 4972 Photographs of Woodstock, New York, 1982
7 (hol) 4972 Photographs of artwork by Gershoy, 1970-1972
7 (hol) 4972 Photographs of artwork by others, 1970-1974
Box Reel
9 (hol) 293 Photographs, 1970-1971, undated
(3 folders)

Index: List of Notable Correspondents from Series 2

  • Art Students League: see Photographs
  • Avery, Frances: undated Christmas cards (2); 1967 Christmas card
  • Baber, Alice: Oct 16, 1975; Oct 21, 1975
  • Baker, Mildred: undated letters (20); May 22, 1969; [Aug 1971]; May 25, 1980; Mar 10, 1981; Mar 17, 1981; Mar 26, 1981; Jun 5, 1981; 1981 Christmas card; 1982 Christmas card
  • Bertoia, Harry: see Printed Material for autographed exhibition announcement
  • Blanch, Arnold and Lucile: undated letters (2); Jan 1975; Dec 18, 1975; 1977 Christmas card; Jan 1977; Jan 1978; also see Printed Material for exhibition announcements and catalogs; also see Photographs
  • Botkin, Henry and Rhoada: undated cards (5); 1973 Christmas card; Jul 29, 1974; Aug 15, 1975; 1975 Christmas card; 1976 Christmas card; 1977 Christmas card; also see Printed Material for an exhibition announcement
  • Breeskin, Adelyn: May 23, 1969; Dec 19, 1969; Feb 17, 1970; Nov 24, 1970; Jan 14, 1971; Feb 22, 1971; Jul 14, 1971; Sep 13, 1971; Dec 22, 1971; Feb 8, 1972; Mar 30, 1972; May 30, 1972; May 16, 1975; Oct 29, 1975; Nov 21, 1975
  • Cadmus, Paul: Oct 18, 1956 postcard
  • Calder, A. Stirling: see Photographs
  • Castellon, Rolando: undated letter; [Apr 1968]; May 13, 1968; Jan 6, 1972; Apr 5, 1979
  • Chase, Doris: undated letter
  • De Creeft, Jose: see Printed Material for an exhibition catalog
  • Dehn, Virginia (Mrs. Adolph Dehn): undated Christmas card; Dec 9, 1975; [Jan 1976]; Dec 18, 1977; Feb 17, 1978; Dec 16, 1978; Dec 5, 1980; 1981 Christmas card; 1982 Christmas card; also see Printed Material for exhibition announcements and catalogs
  • Dixon, Constance (“Consie,” daughter of painter of the West, Maynard Dixon): 1949 Christmas card; May 5, 1952; 1961 Christmas card
  • Engelking, Roberto (architect): undated letter; Jan 16, 1949; Mar 22, 1949
  • Evergood, Philip: see Printed Material for an exhibition catalog
  • Ferber, Herbert: see Printed Material for an exhibition catalog
  • Force, Juliana: [mentioned in Oct 16, 1929, Apr 1930, April 29, 1930, Oct 1, 1930, Oct 25, 1930, Nov 1, 1930, Sep 12, 1932, and Sep 20, 1932 postcards]
  • Fortess, Karl and Lillian: 1977 Christmas card; Aug 14, 1979; Dec 3, 1979; Jan 8, 1980; 1980 Christmas card; 1981 Christmas card; 1982 Christmas card
  • Freilich, Michael: undated letter; also see Printed Material for exhibition announcement; also see Photographs
  • Fruhauf [Vollmer], Aline: undated letters (22); Mar 31, 1944; Jan 3, 1948 (note from Susie Vollmer); Jan 18, 1950; Jan 27, 1950; Apr 15, 1950; Sep 9, 1957; Nov 29, 1957; Jan 15, 1958; Nov 1, 1958; Feb 1, 1961; Dec 21, 1970; Apr 14, 1972; Jan 15, 1974; Jun 12, 1974; Jun 18, 1975; Jun 3, 1977; Oct 23, 1977; 1977 Christmas card; Mar 11, 1978; Jul 18, 1979 (letter from Erwin Vollmer); 1980 Christmas card (from Erwin Vollmer)
  • Gikow, Ruth: see Printed Material for exhibition announcements
  • Glassgold, Adolph Cook (painter, former Whitney Museum curator): undated letter; May 26, 1948; 1972 Christmas card; 1977 Christmas card; 1978 New Year's card
  • Gottlieb, Harry: [postcards dated 1923-1934 mention Gottlieb]; undated letter; Apr 27, 1977; also see Printed Material for an exhibition catalog; also see Photographs
  • Goulet, Lorrie: see Printed Material for exhibition announcements
  • Hardy, Marcella (writer from India): May 18, 1956
  • Hart, Agnes: see Presser, Agnes Hart
  • Hartwig, Cleo: see Printed Material for an exhibition announcement
  • Howland, Isabella: undated letter; Sep 19, 1951; 1966 Christmas card; 1967 Christmas card; Jul 17, 1969; Jul 1971; 1971 Christmas card
  • Klitgaard, Georgina: 1972 Christmas card
  • Knight, Frederic and Dorothy: undated letters (6); May 19, 1953
  • Knight, Frederic and Hortense: undated letters (3); Dec 5, 1975; 1977 Christmas card; Nov 18, 1978; Sep 16, 1979; Dec 7, 1980; Nov 23, 1981; also see Printed Material for exhibition announcements and catalogs
  • Kosloff, Alexis (Russian dancer): [mentioned in Jul 5, 1928 postcard]
  • Lonergan, Joy (Mrs. John Lonergan): undated letter; Jul 25, 1975; Jul 19, 1977; Apr 27, 1978; Mar 7, 1979; May 25, 1979; Sep 12, 1979; 1981 Christmas card
  • Marantz, Irving and Evelyn: undated Christmas card; 1971 Christmas card; Jun 4, 1975; 1975 Christmas card; [Sep 5, 1978]; also see Printed Material for an exhibition catalog
  • Mayer, Ralph and Bena: undated letters (3); Feb 10, 1975; Nov 29, 1977; May 16, 1980; Jan 1, 1981; Aug 7, 1981; 1981 Christmas card
  • Nakian, Reuben: see Photographs
  • O'Connor, Francis V.: undated letters (2); Jun 19, 1970; Nov 11, 1970; Dec 22, 1975
  • Olds, Elizabeth: undated card
  • Picken, George and Viola: undated letters (3); 1944 Christmas card; 1972 Christmas card; 1974 Christmas card; 1977 Christmas card; also see Printed Material for an exhibition catalog
  • Pollet, Joseph: see Printed Material for an exhibition catalog; also see Photographs
  • Presser, Josef and Agnes Hart: undated letters (3); [Sep 1970]; Nov 6, 1973; Feb 25, 1978; Feb 14, 1979; Feb 21, 1979; Mar 4, 1979; Mar 19, 1979; Jun 13, 1979; Sep 7, 1979; [Nov 4, 1979]; also see Printed Material for exhibition announcements and catalogs
  • Reeves, Ruth: undated letter
  • Refregier, Anton: 1971 Christmas card; 1973 Christmas card
  • Robinson, Gertrude (author of The Cardinal, wife of Morton Robinson, novelist and poet): undated letter; Feb 6, 1972; 1974 Christmas card; 1977 Christmas card; Feb 16, 1978; Jun 20, 1978; 1978 Christmas card; Jun 20, 1978; Apr 17, 1979; Sep 10, 1979; Dec 19, 1980; Sep 22, 1981; Oct 17, 1981; Nov 12, 1981
  • Rockwood, Paul and Alice (painter and Bishop Museum Director): undated letter; Dec 8, 1951; Jan 7, 1960
  • Rogers, Jane C. (painter, sister of Leon Kroll): undated Christmas card; Dec 30, 1948
  • Rose, Phyllis (writer): un Christmas card; Jan 23, 1977; Jul 1978; Dec 1981
  • Sarg, Tony: [mentioned in Oct 30, 1923 and Nov 7, 1923 postcards]
  • Scaravaglione, Concetta: Dec 22, 1959; Jun 24, 1960; also see Photographs
  • Shibley, Gertrude (Painter): 1977 Christmas card; Jun 5, 1979
  • Smith, Gretchen and Mary (daughters of Judson Smith): [Judson Smith mentioned in Feb 17, 1925 postcard]; undated Christmas cards (3); 1977 Christmas card; Sep 16, 1980; see Printed Material for an exhibition catalog for Judson Smith
  • Soyer, David (son of Moses Soyer): 1977 Christmas card
  • Soyer, Moses: undated Christmas card
  • Soyer, Raphael: undated Christmas cards (3); 1980 Christmas card; 1981 Christmas card; 1982 Christmas card; also see Printed Material for exhibition announcements
  • Still, James (Writer): Nov 8, 1950; Jun 8, 1979
  • Striebel, Fritzi (Mrs. John Striebel, ceramic sculptor, writer): undated letters (11); Jun 6, 1975; Oct 14, 1975; Feb 1, 1976; [May 1976]; Aug 21, 1976; 1976 Christmas card; 1977 Christmas card; Feb 17, 1979; Apr 11, 1979; Jul 3, 1979; Oct 22, 1979; Nov 6, 1979; Nov 20, 1979; [1979 Christmas card]; Apr 5, 1980; Oct 5, 1980; Dec 30, 1980; Jan 9, 1981; Apr 22, 1981; May 12, 1981; Oct 22, 1981; Nov 16, 1981; 1981 Christmas card; 1982 Christmas card; Feb 26, 1983; [Mar 1983]
  • Taylor, Joshua: Dec 20, 1972; Dec 5, 1975
  • Thomson, Virgil (composer): undated letters (2); Apr 1, 1970; Jun 8, 1971; Nov 8, 1971; Jan 1, 1972
  • Van Veen, Stuyvesant: undated letter; Nov 23, 1976
  • Varda, Jean: see Photographs
  • Varian, Dorothy: undated letters (5); Jul 17, 1977; Mar 30, 1981
  • Vollmer, Aline Fruhauf: see Fruhauf
  • Whitney Studio Club: [mentioned in Jan 31, 1928, Apr 9, 1928, and Feb 16, 1929 postcards]
  • Wilder, Thornton: Jul 20, 1953
  • Wright, Russell (industrial designer): undated Christmas cards (5); Dec 12, 1972; Feb 2, 1976
  • Yaddo: undated letters (4): Oct 17, 1949; Dec 12, 1949; Jan 9, 1950; Jan 24, 1950; Mar 31, 1950; Aug 23, 1950; Aug 24, 1950; Oct 9, 1950; Oct 11, 1950; Feb 26, 1951; also see Photographs
  • Zorach, Tessim: May 11, 1968; Nov 20, 1970; Nov 28, 1970