A Finding Aid to the Barry Faulkner Papers,
circa 1858-1973, in the Archives of American Art, by Michael Yates
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art
Table of Contents:
- Biographical Information
- Overview of the Collection
- How to Use the Collection
- Detailed Description and Container Inventory
Francis Barrett Faulkner was born on July 12, 1881 in Keene, New Hampshire. He attended Phillips Exeter Academy and went on to study at Harvard College. Around this same time, Faulkner began an apprenticeship with his cousin and painter Abbott Handerson Thayer and painter George de Forest Brush. He also met sculptors James Earle Fraser and Augustus Saint-Gaudens, both of whom became Faulkner's lifelong friends.
In 1901, Faulkner traveled to Italy for the first time with Thayer and his family. He returned to New York in 1902 and studied at the Art Students League and Chase School. He also completed illustration work for Century magazine.
In 1907, Faulkner won the Rome Prize Fellowship from the American Academy in Rome. shortly thereafter, he left to study in Italy for three years, studying with George de Forest Brush and befriending sculptor Paul Manship. Upon his return in 1910, he started working on his first mural, commissioned by the wife of railroad executive E.H. Harriman. Having found his niche, Faulkner continued taking mural commissions until his career was interrupted by World War I and his service in the camouflage section of the army. Shortly after the war, he completed a mural for the marine headquarters in Quantico, Virginia.
Between 1923-1924, Faulkner worked in collaboration with Eric Gugler and Paul Manship to create the American Academy in Rome war memorial. Also following the war, Faulkner completed murals for the Eastman School of Music in 1922, the Rockefeller Center in 1932, and the National Archives in 1936. That same year, Faulkner bought and refurbished a house named "The Bounty" in Keene, New Hampshire, and built a studio nearby. In 1930, he was elected as a trustee of the American Academy in Rome.
During the 1940s, Faulkner created murals for numerous public buildings and sites around New Hampshire including the Senate Chambers in Concord, the Elliot Community Hospital, Keene National Bank, and the Cheshire County Savings Bank in Keene. During his final decades, Faulkner wrote an unpublished manuscript on the history of art in the Connecticut River Valley entitled A Neighborhood of Artists, and his posthumously published memoirs, Sketches of an Artist's Life. Faulkner died in 1966, in Keene, New Hampshire.
Overview of the Collection
Scope and Contents
The papers of muralist, painter, and teacher Barry Faulkner measure 2.3 linear feet and date from circa 1858-1973. Faulkner's career; his relationships with family, friends, and fellow-artists; and his thoughts on art and artists are documented in biographical materials, correspondence, writings, sketchbooks, five diaries, photograph albums and photographs, and one scrapbook.
Biographical materials include biographical sketches, awards, and records documenting Faulkner's military service. Also found are a list of medications, a list of Faulkner's writings, party guest lists, an address book, a calendar, and materials related to the posthumous publication of Sketches From an Artist's Life. Of special interest are oversized architectural drawings by Eric Gugler for Faulkner's Keene, New Hampshire house.
Correspondence includes letters from Faulkner's friends, family, fellow artists, and art organizations and institutions. Faulkner's correspondence with his parents document his 1900-1901 trip to Italy with the Thayer family. Of special interest is his correspondence with writer Witter Bynner about Faulkner's daily life in New Hampshire, his travels through Europe, his artistic practice and career, Bynner's writings, his opinions on artistic and literary works, and his service in World War One. Many of the letters to Bynner include sketches by Faulkner of Abbott Handerson Thayer, Rockwell Kent, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Homer Saint-Gaudens, George de Forest Brush, Kahlil Gibran, and Mark Twain. Additional correspondents include sculptor Frances Grimes, architect Eric Gugler, painter Leon Kroll, and museum director James Johnson Sweeney.
Faulkner's writings are about art, artists, and the New Hampshire art community. Found are essays on Gifford Beal, George de Forest Brush, James Earle Fraser, Harriet Hosmer, Paul Manship, Charles Adams Platt, Hiram Powers, Edward Willis Redfield, Joseph Lindon Smith, Mary Lawrence Tonetti, Mark Twain, Lawrence Grant White, and Mahonri Young. Other writings discuss Faulkner's mural commissions, various aspects of New Hampshire history, and the history of the Dublin and Cornish art colonies whose inhabitants included George de Forest Brush, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and Abbott Handerson Thayer. Of special interest is a manuscript for Faulkner's posthumously published memoir Sketches From an Artist's Life, and an unpublished manuscript titled A Neighborhood of Artists about the history and culture of the Connecticut River Valley.
Four sketchbooks by Faulkner contain drawings of landscapes, city scenes, architecture, people, nature, and studies of artwork by others. Also found are two loose sketches.
Five diaries document Faulkner's 1922-1924 trip through Europe, Africa, and Asia including stops in France, Italy, Egypt, and Turkey. Diaries record Faulkner's thoughts on architecture, tourist sites, and travel amenities. Found is one diary from 1956 that discusses social events, the Saint-Gaudens Memorial, the MacDowell Colony of artists, and various artists including Gifford Beal, Maxfield Parrish, Paul Manship, and Eric Gugler.
The bulk of printed material consists of clippings which document published writings by Faulkner, obituaries and published rememberances of Faulkner, local events in Keene, New Hampshire, and reproductions of Faulkner's artwork. Also found are exhibition catalogs of other artists, an announcement of Faulklner's death from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and a publication illustrated with reproductions of Faulkner's murals for the National Archives.
Photographs include formal and informal images of Faulkner throughout his life, and photographs of his family and friends, his studio, and reproductions of his artwork. Also included are two photograph albums, one of which contains photographs of Faulkner during his youth and one that contains photographs primarily from the 1930s of Faulkner's Keene, New Hampshire house, himself, and his friends and family.
The collection also includes a scrapbook prepared for Faulkner's seventieth birthday containing photographs, cards, telegrams, and placecards with hand drawn illustrations which show the "taste and characteristics" of Faulkner.
Arrangement and Series Description
The collection is arranged into 8 series:
- Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1914-1971 (Box 1, 3, RD1; 13 folders)
- Series 2: Correspondence, 1900-1973 (Box 1; 0.5 linear feet)
- Series 3: Writings, 1912-1966 (Boxes 1-2; 1.0 linear foot)
- Series 4: Sketchbooks and Sketches, circa 1910s-1930s (Boxes 2-3; 8 folders)
- Series 5: Diaries, 1922-1956 (Box 2; 6 folders)
- Series 6: Printed Materials, circa 1858-1966 (Boxes 2-3; 8 folders)
- Series 7: Photographs, 1892-1960s (Boxes 2-3; 15 folders)
- Series 8: Scrapbook, 1951 (Box 3; 2 folders)
Subjects and Names
This collection is indexed in the online catalog of the Archives of American Art under the following index terms.
- Brush, George de Forest, 1855-1941
- Beal, Gifford,1879-1956
- Fraser, James Earle,1876-1953
- Gibran, Kahlil, 1922-
- Hosmer, Harriet
- Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971
- Manship, Paul, 1885-1966
- Parrish, Maxfield, 1870-1966
- Platt, Charles A., (Charles Adams),1861-1933
- Powers, Hiram, 1805-1873
- Redfield, Edward Willis, 1869-1965
- Smith, Joseph Lindon, 1863-1950
- Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907
- Saint-Gaudens, Homer B., 1880-
- Thayer, Abbott Handerson, 1849-1921
- Tonetti, Mary Lawrence
- Twain, Mark, 1835-1910
- White, Lawrence Grant
- Young, Mahonri Sharp, 1911-
- MacDowell Colony
- Artists' studios in art
- Artists' studios -- New Hampshire
- Artist colonies -- New Hampshire -- Cornish
- Artist colonies -- New Hampshire -- Dublin
- Educators -- New Hampshire
- Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- United States
- Artists -- New Hampshire
- Painting, Modern --20th century -- New Hampshire -- Keene
- Muralists -- New Hampshire -- Keene
- Painters -- New Hampshire -- Keene
- World War, 1914-1918
- Artist colonies -- New Hampshire -- Peterborough
- New Hampshire
- Types of Materials:
- Photograph albums
- Travel Diaries
- Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968
- Grimes, Frances, 1869-1963
- Gugler, Eric, 1889-1974
- Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974
- Sweeney, James Johnson, 1900-
The collection was donated by Francis Faulkner, Barry Faulkner's nephew, in 1974.
Separated and Related Materials
Found in the Nancy Douglas Bowditch papers at the Archives of American Art is correspondence, photographs, and printed materials related to Barry Faulkner. The Library of Congress, Manuscript Division also holds a small collection of Barry Faulkner's papers. Additional correspondence from Faulkner is found in the papers of Witter Bynner at the University of New Mexico and at Harvard University.
How the Collection was Processed
The 1974 donation of this collection was originally processed for microfilming on reels 5031-5033. The rest of the collection received a preliminary level of processing at some point after donation. The entire collection was merged and processed by Michael Yates in 2008 and digitized in 2009 with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
How to Use the Collection
Restrictions on Use
The bulk of this collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Ownership & Literary Rights
The Barry Faulkner papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
The bulk of this collection was digitized in 2009 and is available via the Archives of American Art's website. Materials which have not been scanned include photographs of artwork, a few essays and writings by others, oversized architectural drawings, and several publications not related to Faulkner's art or life.
How to Cite this Collection
Barry Faulkner papers, circa 1858-1973. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Detailed Description and Container Inventory
Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1914-1971 (Box 1, 3, RD1; 13 folders)
Found here are biographical sketches, an address book, a list of Faulkner's writings, an award from the Architectural League of New York, and a calendar listing social events and medical appointments. Military records from World War I include an identification card, officer's record book, awards, discharge papers, and other records. Also found here are oversized architectural drawings by Eric Gugler for Faulkner's home in Keene, New Hampshire. Materials related to the publication of Sketches From an Artist's Life, party guest lists, a list of Faulkner's medication, and an address list compiled by Mary Platt are also in this series.
The bulk of this series has been scanned, except for the address book and the oversized archictectural drawings.
|1||1||Address Book, circa 1964 (not scanned)|
|1||2||Address List, 1973|
|1||3||Appointment Calendar, circa 1964|
(Architectural League of New York)
|1||5||Biographical Sketches, circa 1966|
|1||6||Guest Lists, circa 1960s|
|1||7||List of Writings, circa 1950s|
|1||8||Medication List, 1964 (not scanned)|
|1||9||Military Records, 1917-1928 (also housed in Box 3)|
|1||10||Notes, circa 1950s-1960s|
|1||11||Sketches From an Artist's Life Materials, 1971|
|3 (sol)||1||Oversized Military Records, 1919 (scanned with Box 1, Folder 9)|
Architectural Drawings, 1937 (not scanned)
(Drawn by Eric Gugler for Faulkner's house in Keene, N.H.)
Series 2: Correspondence, 1900-1973 (Boxes 1; 0.5 linear feet)
Correspondence includes letters from Faulkner's friends, family, fellow artists, and art organizations and institutions. Faulkner's letters with his parents document his 1900-1901 trip to Italy with the Thayer family. Additional family correspondence includes letters from Faulkner's brother Philip, his niece Jocelyn, his nephew Francis, and his cousin Ellen. Topics include daily activities, Faulkner's health, and family affairs and gossip. The letters also discuss other artists, such as August Saint-Gaudens, Abbott Handerson Thayer, Paul Manship, as well as the Cornish Art Colony.
Of special interest are nine folders of correspondence with close friend and writer Witter Bynner about Faulkner's daily life in New Hampshire, travels through Europe, his artistic practice and career, opinions on artistic and literary works, his service in World War I, and Bynner's writings. Included within the correspondence with Bynner are sketches of Abbott Handerson Thayer, Rockwell Kent, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Homer Saint-Gaudens, George de Forest Brush, Kahlil Gibran, and Mark Twain.
Additional correspondents in this series include sculptor Frances Grimes, architect Eric Gugler, painter Leon Kroll, and museum director James Johnson Sweeney, as well as friends Elizabeth Hare, Elsie King, and Milly Knox. The letters discuss Faulkner's career, social events, family, health concerns, travel, and common friends.
Of special interest are two postcards sent by Faulkner to "Maraine[?]" which are illustrated with pictures of Faulkner during World War I.
Also found are letters from publishers about publishing Sketches From an Artist's Life and letters from the Library of Congress regarding a donation of Faulkner's papers.
Some of the letters are typed transcripts and photocopies. Content has been cut out of some of the transcripts, and a few letters are annotated in pencil by an unknown hand.
This series has been scanned in its entirety.
|1||13||William L. Bauhan, 1969-1970s|
|1||14-22||Witter Bynner, 1903-1942 (9 folders)|
|1||23||Condolence Letters, 1966|
|1||25-27||Francis Faulkner, 1959-1963 (3 folders)|
|1||28-29||Jocelyn Faulkner, 1954-1970 (2 folders)|
|1||30-31||Philip Faulkner, 1919-circa 1958 (2 folders)|
|1||32-35||Frances Grimes, 1905-1907 (4 folders)|
|1||36-37||Ann and Eric Gugler, 1960s-1970s (2 folders)|
|1||38-40||Elizabeth Hare, 1918-1940s (3 folders)|
|1||41-43||Epsie King, 1950s-1966 (3 folders)|
|1||44||Fred King, 1950s-1960s|
|1||45-46||Milly Knox, 1942-1960s (2 folders)|
|1||47||Leon Kroll, 1966|
|1||48||L-O, circa 1920s-1973|
|1||49||Library of Congress, 1965-1968|
|1||50||Isabel Manship, 1966|
Parents, 1900-1902, 1963 (4 folders)
(Also contains letter by Emma Thayer)
|1||56||Rosamund Putnam, 1966|
|1||57||Betty and James Kellum Smith, 1954-1957|
|1||58-59||James Johnson Sweeney, 1950-1960s (2 folders)|
|1||60||Laura Sweeney, 1958-1960s|
Series 3: Writings, 1912-1966 (Boxes 1-2; 1.0 linear foot)
Most of this series consists of writings by Faulkner about other artists and writers who were friends and contemporaries. There are writings on Gifford Beal, George de Forest Brush, James Earle Fraser, Harriet Hosmer, Paul Manship, Charles Adams Platt, Hiram Powers, Edward Willis Redfield, Joseph Lindon Smith, Mary Lawrence Tonetti, Mark Twain, Lawrence Grant White, and Mahonri Young.
Other writings are about the history of New Hampshire and the Connecticut River Valley, including essays on the towns of Cornish, Walpole, and Chesterfield in New Hamphire, New Hampshire captivity narratives, stories of the Revolutionary War, and historic sites around Keene, New Hampshire. Two long essays document the history of the Dublin and Cornish art colonies, whose inhabitants included George de Forest Brush, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and Abbott Handerson Thayer. Another essay is a history of the American Academy in Rome.
Of special interest is an unpublished manuscript called A Neighborhood of Artists which covers the art, history, and the inhabitants of the Connecticut River Valley from the 1800s to the early 1900s. Personages discussed in the manuscript include the eighth president of Yale University Timothy Dwight, notorious criminal Stephen Burroughs, judge and playwright Royall Tyler, architect Richard Morris Hunt, the painter George Fuller, and the sculptors Henry Kirke Brown and Harriet Hosmer. Another chapter discusses the periodical Farmers Weekly Museum.
There is a manuscript of Faulkner's memoir Swift River, published posthumously under the title Sketches of an Artist's Life.
Other writings are about Faulkner's mural commissions including his works for the Elliot Community Hospital in Keene, New Hampshire, the National Archives, the New Hampshire Senate Chambers, and the Oregon State Capitol. Also found are essays on Amherst College, camouflage, the Hopewell Furnace in Pennsylvania, the explorer John Ledyard, walking, and witchcraft.
Writings by others include essays about Faulkner by Leon Kroll and Paul Manship. Also found are miscellaneous essays on the camouflage section in World War I, the history of herb gardens and gardener Margaret Fitch Brewster, the scholar Olivia Rodham, mural paintings in Pennsylvania and the Villa Bosco Parasio in Rome, both written by Eric Gugler. Of special interest is a 1966 interview with Faulkner by John Bond about Augustus Saint-Gaudens.
This series has been scanned in its entirety, except for 3 folders containing writings by others that are unrelated to art.
Series 4: Sketchbooks and Sketches, circa 1910s-1930s (Boxes 2-3; 8 folders)
Four sketchbooks by Faulkner contain pencil and ink drawings of landscapes, city scenes, architecture, figures, faces, animals, trees, and water. Also included are drawn copies of artwork by others including murals, sculptures, mosaics, Asian art, Egyptian art, Greek art, and objects such as furniture and clothing. The first sketchbook contains notes on the relationship between the body, color, and the zodiac; notes on astrology; and detailed notes about where sketches were copied. Also found in this series are a small pencil sketch of a foot and a large pastel sketch of a landscape.
Artwork by others includes two sketches by Margaret Platt including one of Faulkner's studio from 1922, and three drawings which are similar stylistically but whose creator is unknown.
This series has been scanned in its entirety.
|2||51-54||Four Sketchbooks, circa 1900s-1920s (4 folders)|
|2||55||Sketches, circa 1920s-1930s (Oversized housed in Box 3)|
|2||Artwork by Others|
|2||56||Margaret Platt, circa 1920s-1930s|
|2||57||Unknown Artist(s), circa 1920s-1930s|
|3 (sol)||2||Oversized Sketches, circa 1900s-1940s (Scanned with Box 2, Folder 53)|
Series 5: Diaries, 1922-1956 (Boxes 2; 6 folders)
Five travel diaries from 1922 to 1924 document Faulkner's trips to Europe, Africa, and Asia including stops in France, Italy, Egypt, and Turkey. Entries describe Faulkner's impressions of places, architecture, artwork, tourist sites, restaurants, and accomodations. Topics include French churches, the artwork of Andrea Mantegna and Piero della Francesca, the tombs of Luxor, and Turkish marketplaces. Also found with the diaries are a few sketches, a list of expenses, and a chronology for March and April of 1924.
There is also a diary Faulkner kept during the summer of 1956 documenting general social, artistic, and daily events. Topics include Gifford Beal, Maxfield Parrish, Paul Manship, Eric Gugler, Saint-Gaudens Memorial trustee meetings, and gardening. Also found in this diary is a short biographical sketch of Faulkner and a list of works gifted to friends.
This series has been scanned in its entirety.
|2||58||New Hampshire Diary, 1956|
|2||59-63||Five Travel Diaries, 1922-1924 (5 folders)|
Series 6: Printed Materials, circa 1858-1966 (Box 2-3; 8 folders)
Clippings are of published writings by Faulkner, obituaries and published remembrances of Faulkner, local events in Keene, New Hampshire, and reproductions of Faulkner's artwork. Also found here are exhibition catalogs for various other artists, a reproduction of an engraving of spectactors looking at Hiram Powers' sculpture "The Greek Slave," and an announcement of Faulkner's death by the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Other publications include Lawrence Grant White's translation of the first canto of Dante's Inferno, and The Charters of Freedom, reproductions of the Bill of rights and the Declaration of Independence illustrated by Faulkner's murals for the National Archives. Also found is a copy of the Keene newspaper from 1879.
A portion of this series has been scanned. Materials not scanned are exhibition catalogs of other artists, the printed reproduction of the Greek Slave, and the translation of Dante's Inferno.
|2||64||Announcement from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, 1966|
|2||65-66||Clippings, 1925-1960s (2 folders; oversized in Box 3)|
|2||67||Dante's Inferno, 1925 (not scanned)|
Exhibition Catalogs: Others, 1946-1966 (not scanned)
(Jane Canfield, Frances Grimes, Alexander James, and Paul Manship)
|2||69||Printed reproduction of the Greek Slave, circa 1858 (not scanned)|
|3||3||Charters of Freedom, undated (not scanned)|
|3||4||Oversized Clippings, 1879 (Scanned with Box 2, Folders 63-64)|
Series 7: Photographs, 1892-1960s (Box 2-3; 15 folders)
Photographs include portraits and photographs of Faulkner, of Faulkner with his dog Slipper, and a photograph of Faulkner with Paul Manship. Also found are portraits of James Earle Fraser and Paul Manship, a photograph of Augustus Saint-Gaudens' studio, a landscape in Dublin, New Hampshire, and a photograph of Faulkner's studio.
There are many photographs of Faulkner's artwork, including drawings, paintings, and murals for the Eastman School of Music, the National Archives, the Oregon State Capitol, and the New Hampshire Capitol Building. Photographs of artwork by others includes pieces by Gifford Beal, George Bellows, Paul Manship, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, and Abbott Handerson Thayer.
Also found is one photograph album from Faulkner's adolescence and twenties, and another album of photographs primarily from the mid to late 1930s. The first album contains photographs of Faulkner, pictures of Keene, New Hampshire, landscapes, leisure activities, family photographs, and informal pictures of unidentified people. Of special interest are photographs of Faulkner fencing and camping with a person who appears to be Witter Bynner. The bulk of the photographs in the second album are of Faulkner's New Hampshire home "The Bounty." Also found are pictures of social events, the landscape around the house, Faulkner at work and with his dog Slipper, and locations in New England.
The bulk of this series has been scanned, except for photographs of works of art.
|2||70||Barry Faulkner, 1892-1962|
|2||71||Barry Faulkner With Others, 1905-1936|
|2||72-74||Artwork, 1937-1945 (3 folders; not scanned)|
|2||75||Artwork, circa 1900s-1930s (not scanned)|
|2||76||Artwork By Others, 1901-circa 1940s (not scanned)|
|2||77||Artists, 1901-circa 1920s|
|2||78||Family and Friends, circa 1900s-1960s|
|2||79||New Hampshire, 1911|
|2||80||Dismantled Photo Albums, circa 1880s-1900s (Oversized housed in Box 3)|
|2||81||Studio, circa 1930s|
|3 (sol)||5-8||Dismantled Photo Album, 1923-1948 (4 folders; scanned with Box 2, Folder 77)|
Series 8: Scrapbook, 1951 (Box 3; 2 folders)
Found here is a scrapbook of Faulkner's 70th birthday in 1951 that includes photographs of Faulkner with friends, photographs from his birthday party, telegrams with birthday greetings, birthday cards, and letters. Of special interest is a drawing and poem by Nick and Frederika James, a song by the Platts, a poem by Lawrence Grant White, and placecards with hand drawn illustrations depicting the "taste and characteristics" of Faulkner.
This series has been scanned in its entirety.
|3||9-10||Scrapbook For 70th Birthday, 1951 (2 folders)|