Anna Coleman Ladd papers, circa 1881-1950

A Finding Aid to the Anna Coleman Ladd Papers, 1881-1950, in the Archives of American Art, by Jean Fitzgerald; revised by Jayna Josefson

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Funding for processing in preparation for digitization, and for the digitization of this collection, was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.

Table of Contents:



Biographical Information

Born in 1878 in Philadelphia to John and Mary Watts, Anna Coleman Ladd (née Watts) was educated in private schools and Europe. She also studied in America under Charles Grafly.

She moved to Boston in 1905 and married Boston pediatrician Maynard Ladd with whom she had two daughters, Gabriella May Ladd and Vernon Abbott Ladd . Working in her studio on Clarendon Street, Ladd became one of the city's most prolific sculptors, creating fountain pieces, portrait busts, memorials, and reliefs in addition to authoring two novels, Hieronymus Rides in 1912, and The Candid Adventurer in 1913.

Between 1907 and 1915, Ladd had solo exhibitions at the Gorham Gallery in New York, the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C., and the Pennsylvania Academy in Philadelphia. She was also invited to exhibit her bronzes at the Panama Pacific Exposition in San Francisco. In 1914 she executed a bronze statuette of Eleanora Duse for which the actress posed, and later completed portrait busts of Anna Pavlova and Ethel Barrimore.

In late 1917 in Paris, Ladd founded the American Red Cross Studio for Portrait-Masks to provide cosmetic masks to be worn by men who had been badly disfigured in World War I. Her services earned her the Légion d'Honneur Crois de Chevalier and the Serbian Order of Saint Sava.

For many years, Ladd maintained a summer studio "Arden" at Beverly Farms in Manchester, Massachusetts. In 1923, she received an honorary degree of Master of Arts from Tufts College.

Anna Coleman Ladd died June 3, 1939 in Santa Barbara, California.

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Overview of the Collection

Scope and Contents

The papers of sculptor Anna Coleman Ladd measure 4.2 linear feet, date from 1881-1950, and document the career of sculptor Anna Coleman Ladd. Found within the papers are biographical material, letters, diaries, financial material, notes and writings, art work, a file concerning the American Red Cross Studio for Portrait-Masks, scrapbooks, printed material, and photographs.

Biographical materials are scattered and include calling cards, biographical sketches notes, and certificates.

Correspondence includes letters written to Anna Coleman Ladd from various family members, friends, and colleagues. Notable correspodents include William Aldrich, Gabriella Fabbricotti, Isabella Stewart Gardner, Natalie Hays Hammond, and Jessie Eldridge Southwick.

Diaries are daily diaries dating from 1903-1905 and from 1911-1912. Each diary includes short descriptions of Ladd's days.

Financial materials include receipts, stock certificates, travel materials, lists, and an account book for Dr. Maynard Ladd.

Writings and notes consists of notebooks, lists of works of art, inventories, manuscripts by Ladd and by others.

Artworks include two sketchbooks, loose drawings, and a plaster relief by Ladd as well as several sketches by others.

American Red Cross Studio for Portrait-Masks files include correspondence, writings, a scrapbook, printed materials, and photographs. Materials concern portrait masks used to disguise the disfigured faces of World War I veterans.

Scrapbooks consists of three scrapbooks containing photographs, printed materials, and writings.

Printed materials include clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs for Ladd's works, books and booklets, and posters, some of which are French World War I propaganda.

Photographs include photographs of Anna Coleman Ladd with her works of art and in the studio, Dr. Maynard Ladd, friends, family, colleagues, and works of sculpture.

Arrangement and Series Description

The collection is arranged as 10 series:

Subjects and Names

This collection is indexed in the online catalog of the Archives of American Art under the following index terms:

  • Aldrich, William
  • American Red Cross -- Studio for Portrait Masks (Paris, France)
  • Fabbricotti, Gabriella
  • Gardner, Isabella Stewart, 1840-1924
  • Hammond, Natalie Hays, 1905-
  • Southwick, Jessie Eldridge
  • Architectural sculpture
  • Artists' studios -- Photographs
  • Diaries
  • Drawings
  • Photographs
  • Portrait sculpture
  • Scrapbooks
  • Sculptors -- Massachusetts -- Boston
  • Sketchbooks
  • Sketches
  • Women authors -- Massachusetts -- Boston
  • Women sculptors -- Massachusetts, Boston
  • Works of art
  • World War, 1914-1918 -- France -- Paris Portrait sculpture

Provenance

The Anna Coleman Ladd papers were donated in 1991 by William Terry on behalf of Robert Edwards, a friend of Anna Coleman Ladd.

How the Collection was Processed

The papers were processed by Jean Fitzgerald in December 2005 and were prepared for scanning in 2012 by Jayna Hanson, with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.


How to Use the Collection

Restrictions on Use

Use of original papers requires an appointment.

Ownership & Literary Rights

The Anna Coleman Ladd papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.

How to Cite this Collection

Anna Coleman Ladd papers, 1881-1950. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

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Detailed Description and Container Inventory

Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1905-1950
4 Folders; Box 1

This series includes biographical and genealogical notes for Anna Coleman Ladd and the Ladd family, including an application to the WPA. There are also membership and award certificates.

This series has been scanned in its entirety.

Box Folder
1 1 Calling Cards, circa 1905
1 2 Biographical Sketches, 1930-1950
1 3 Genealogical Notes, circa 1910-circa 1917
1 4 Miscellaneous Certificates, 1910-1929

Series 2: Letters, 1895-1937
1.1 Linear feet; Box 1-2

Letters are primarily from family members and friends including Countess Nora Balzani, Dr. Bindo de Vecchio, and painter Gabriella Fabbricotti. There are a few letters each from colleagues Emil Ahlborn, William Aldrich, Frances F. Brundage, Ralph Adams Cram, Willard Cummings, John Ettl, Isabella Stewart Gardner, Charles Grafly, Lilian Westcott Hale, Philip Leslie Hale, Natalie Hays Hammond, J. Scott Hartley, Malvina Hoffman, Anna Vaughn Hyatt, Leila Mechlin, Violet Oakley, Albin Polasek, Bertha Potter, Janet Scudder, Thomas Mott Shaw, Lorado Taft, and Rosamond Tudor. There are also letters from activists Elisabeth Achelis, Florence Peshine Eagleton, and Gabrielle Enthoven, actors Julie Opp Faversham, William Faversham, Frances Starr, and Gilda Varesi, composer Louisa P. Loring, dancers Beate Bolm, Michio Ito, and Anna Pavolva, and writers James Bryce, Maud Howe Elliott, Eirene Mungo-Park, Romain Rolland, Porter Sargent, Jessie Eldridge Southwick, and Riccardo Tramontano.

Undated letters are arranged in alphabetical order and are found at the beginning of the series. The bulk of the correspondence is arranged chronologically. Researchers should note that some correspondence is unsigned or illegible.

This series has been scanned in its entirety.

Box Folder
1 5 Unidentified Correspondents and Fragments, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 6 First Names A-B, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 7 First Names C-G, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 8 First Names H-L, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 9 First Names M, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 10 First Names N, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 11 First Names P-Z, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 12 Surnames A, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 13 Surnames B, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 14 Surnames C, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 15 Surnames D-E, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 16 Surnames F-G, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 17 Surnames H, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 18 Surnames I-K, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 19 Surnames L, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 20 Surnames M, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 21 Surnames N-R, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 22 Surnames S, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 23 Surnames T-Z, circa 1900-circa 1930
1 24 Anna Coleman Watts Ladd, circa 1900-circa 1930
(to her children, husband, and drafts to friends)
1 25 Gabrielle Ladd, circa 1920-circa 1940
1 26 Maynard Ladd, circa 1900-circa 1940
1 27 Vernon Abbott Ladd, circa 1920-circa 1940
1 28 Letters, 1895-1896
1 29 Letters, 1897-1898
1 30 Letters, 1899
1 31 Letters, 1900
1 32 Letters, 1901
1 33 Letters, 1902
1 34 Letters, 1903 Jan-May
1 35 Letters, 1903 Jun-Dec
1 36 Letters, 1904 Jan-May
1 37 Letters, 1904 Jun
1 38 Letters, 1904 Jul
1 39 Letters, 1904 Aug
1 40 Letters, 1904 Sep
1 41 Letters, 1904 Oct
1 42 Letters, 1904 Nov-Dec
1 43 Letters, 1905 Jan-Apr
1 44 Letters, 1905 May
1 45 Letters, 1905 Jun
1 46 Letters, 1905 Jul-Dec
1 47 Letters, 1906
1 48 Letters, 1907
1 49 Letters, 1908
1 50 Letters, 1909
1 51 Letters, 1910
1 52 Letters, 1911
1 53 Letters, 1912
1 54 Letters, 1913
1 55 Letters, 1914
1 56 Letters, 1915
1 57 Letters, 1916
1 58 Letters, 1917
1 59 Letters, 1918-1919
Box Folder
2 1 Letters, 1920
2 2 Letters, 1921-1923
2 3 Letters, 1924
2 4 Letters, 1925
2 5 Letters, 1926
2 6 Letters, 1927
2 7 Letters, 1928
2 8 Letters, 1929
2 9 Letters, 1930-1931
2 10 Letters, 1932
2 11 Letters, 1933
2 12 Letters, 1934-1935
2 13 Letters, 1936-1937

Series 3: Diaries, 1903-1912
2 Folders; Box 2

The diaries contain brief annotations describing Ladd's daily activities. The diary dated 1903-1905 also contains a list of relief sculptures. The other diary has a hand-worked suede cover, and primarily annotates daily activities in 1911. There is also a page of annotations describing activities dating from January 20 to 27, 1912, with an additional page listing names.

This series has been partially scanned. The diary dating from 1903-1905 has not been scanned due to the fragility of the document.

Box Folder
2 14 Diary, 1903-1905
2 15 Diary, 1911-1912

Series 4: Financial Material, 1899-1934
6 Folders; Box 2

Financial material consists of receipts for the sale of art work and for travel, stock certificates for the Alliance Oil Company, and a promissory note and account book relating to Maynard Ladd's medical practice.

This series has been scanned in its entirety.

Box Folder
2 16 Promissory Note from Maynard Ladd, 1899
2 17-18 Travel Receipts, 1903-1917
2 19 Sales Lists and Receipts for Art Work, 1911-1929
2 20 Stock Certificates for the Alliance Oil Company, 1924
2 21 Accounts Book for Dr. Maynard Ladd, 1934

Series 5: Notes and Writings, 1888-1949
0.6 Linear feet; Box 2, 6, OV 7

This series consists of notebooks and manuscripts written by Anna Coleman Ladd and by others, some of which are illustrated by Ladd. Notebook 1 primarily contains lists of mythological and allegorical characters. Notebook 2 contains historical notes, listings of Italian authors and painters, poems, clippings, three drawings, and an illustrated letter. Notebook 3 contains notes from a class in composition. Notebook 4 contains lists of friends' names and poetry.

The guest register contains autographs of William Aldrich, Senator Albert J. Beveridge, Gabriella Fabbricotti, Isabella Stewart Gardner, Philip Leslie Hale, John Hays Hammond, Marie Danforth Page, Agnes Repplier, John Singer Sargent, Frances Starr. There are two small hand-made books by Anna Coleman Watts and Gabriella Fabbricotta. Miscellaneous poems include the poem "Hymn for Easter" by Dorothy Grafly.

This series has been scanned in its entirety.

Box Folder
2 22 Notebook 1, circa 1910
2 23-24 Notebook 2, circa 1910
2 25 Notebook 3, 1899
2 26 Notebook 4, 1917
2 27 Guest Register, 1912-1918
2 28 Lists of Guests, circa 1910-1929
2 29 Lists of Sculpture by Anna Coleman Ladd, circa 1920
2 30 List of Sitters for Portraits, 1935
2 31 Lists of Photographs, 1939
2 32 Notes for Blue Prints and Blue Prints, 1939
Oversized material housed in Box 6 and OV7
2 33 Inventories of Art Work and Miscellaneous Possessions, 1939
2 34 Lecture about Being a Sculptor, circa 1930
2 35 Act IV of an Unidentified Play, circa 1910s
2 36 Hidden Gardens, circa 1910s
2 37 The Young Prince, 1888
2 38 Hieronymus Rides, Part I, 1904
2 39 Hieronymus Rides, Chapter 1, 1904
2 40 Hieronymus Rides, Chapter 2-4, 1904
2 41 Hieronymus Rides, Chapter 5-7, 1904
2 42 Hieronymus Rides, Chapter 8-10, 1904
2 43 Hieronymus Rides, Chapter 13, 17-18, 1904
2 44 Hieronymus Rides, Chapter 20-23, 1904
2 45 Hieronymus Rides, Chapter 24-29, 1904
2 46 Hieronymus Rides, Chapter 30, 1904
2 47 Hieronymus Rides, Chapter 33, 1904
2 48 Hieronymus Rides, Chapter 34, 1904
2 49 Hieronymus Rides, Chapter 37-38, 1904
2 50 Hieronymus Rides, Drawings, 1904
2 51 Hieronymus Rides, Galleys, 1904
2 52-54 The Strong: Drama in Four Acts, 1926
2 55 Miscellaneous Writings with Illustrations, circa 1900-circa 1930
2 56 Miscellaneous Notes and Writings by Anna Coleman Ladd, circa 1900-circa 1930
2 57 Hand-Made Booklet The Hangman's Daughter, by Gabriella Fabbricotti, circa 1910
2 58 Miscellaneous Poems by Others, 1902-1949
Box
6 Oversized Notes and Blue Prints for Miscellaneous Sculpture Projects, 1923-1925
Oversized material scanned with Box 2, F32
Box
OV 7 Oversized Blue Prints for Michael J. Cadigan Post 46 Stele, 1923
Oversized material scanned with Box 2, F32

Series 6: Artwork, 1901-1928
0.2 Linear feet; Box 2, 6, OV 7

Art work consists of sketchbooks, drawings, and a small plaster relief sculpture by Anna Coleman Ladd. Art work by others includes a drawing of Mademoiselle Monnier by E. Briant, a watercolor sketch by E. Hunter, and a cut-out silhouette of a woman.

This series has been scanned in its entirety.

Box Folder
2 59 Sketchbook 1, circa 1900-circa 1930s
2 60 Sketchbook 2, 1902
2 61-62 Drawings by Anna Coleman Ladd, 1902-1905
Oversized material housed in Box 6 and OV 7
2 63 Art Work by Others, 1901-1928
2 64 Plaster Relief Sculpture by Anna Coleman Ladd, circa 1910
Oversized material housed in Box 6
Box
6 Oversized Drawings and Oversized Relief Sculpture, circa 1910
Oversized material scanned with Box 2, F62, 64
Box
OV 7 Oversized Drawings, Tracings, circa 1920s-circa 1930s
Oversized material scanned with Box 2, F62

Series 7: American Red Cross Studio for Portrait-Masks File, 1914-1925
0.4 Linear feet; Box 2-3, 6

This series contains material relating to Ladd's services aiding soldiers badly disfigured during World War I. Ladd established a studio in Paris in which she fashioned cosmetic masks to be worn by soldiers with terrible facial wounds. The notes and writings include a small notebook of price lists for sculptures. The scrapbook contains letters, clippings, and photographs of Maynard Ladd in the trenches, and of disfigured soldiers both with and without their masks.

This series has been scanned in its entirety.

Box Folder
2 65 Letters, 1919-1925
2 66 Notes and Writings, circa 1914-1925
2 67-73 Scrapbook, 1914-1923
Box Folder
3 1 Printed Material, 1916-1918
3 2 Photographs, 1914-1925
Oversized material housed in Box 6
Box
6 Oversized Photographs, circa 1920s-circa 1930s
Oversized material scanned with Box 3, F2

Series 8: Scrapbooks, 1900-1940
0.3 Linear feet; Box 3

Scrapbook 1 primarily contains photographs, clippings, and postcards showing works of art and architecture. Scrapbook 2 contains photographs of Ladd and her work, notes and writings, and clippings. Scrapbook 3 contains photographs of art work, a writing entitled "Jesus and the Sleeping Child," a booklet, and clippings.

This series has been scanned in its entirety.

Box Folder
3 3 Scrapbook 1, 1900
3 4-12 Scrapbook 2, 1913-1940
3 13-19 Scrapbook 3, 1923-1936

Series 9: Printed Material, 1889-1942
0.5 Linear feet; Box 3, 6, OV 7

Printed material includes clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, programs, prospectuses, posters, brochures, autographed menus, booklets, and books. The programs are from Salisbury Cathedral, the Park Theatre, and Vassar College. The posters primarily reflect World War I topics including warnings against gas bombs. Brochures are primarily for lectures by Ladd. The menu dated 1921 is autographed by Cass Gilbert and Alfred Harding, Bishop of Washington. The books Meditations in Verse and Sundial Mottoes are autographed by the authors. Miscellaneous printed material includes engravings of anatomical diagrams.

This series has been partially scanned. Only relevant pages of exhibition announcements with multiple artists and the covers, title pages, and relevant pages of published books have been scanned.

Box Folder
3 20 Clippings, circa 1910-1930
3 21 Clippings, 1906
3 22 Clippings, 1912
3 23 Clippings, 1913
3 24 Clippings, 1914
3 25 Clippings, 1915
3 26 Clippings, 1917
3 27 Clippings, 1918
3 28 Clippings, 1919
3 29 Clippings, 1920-1921
Oversized material housed in Box 6
3 30 Clippings, 1923-1924
3 31 Clippings, 1926-1928
3 32 Clippings, 1930-1942
3 33 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, circa 1920
3 34 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1916-1920
3 35 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1921-1925
3 36 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1930
3 37 Exhibition Announcements and Catalogs, 1930-1938
3 38 Programs, 1905-1930
3 39 Prospectuses, 1914-1916
3 40 Posters, 1902-1918
Oversized material housed in Box 6, OV 7
3 41 Brochures, 1928
3 42 Autographed Menus, 1921
3 43 "Contemporary American Sculptors,," circa 1914
3 44 "Le Procès de Jeanne d'Arc," as Presented by Madame Sarah Bernhardt, circa 1916
3 45 "A Vindication of President H. O. Ladd,," 1889
3 46 "Monographien zur Weltgeschichte,," 1898
3 47 "Hedwige D'Anjou," by M. Stanislas Smolka, 1907
3 48 "Mura Urbane,," 1911
3 49 "National Sculpture Society Constitution, Officers and Members," (1914-1915);"National Sculpture Society Constitution, Officers and Members," (1924-1925), 1914-1925
3 50 "Sculpture and Mural Paintings of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition,," 1915
3 51 "Official Miniature View Book of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition; Panama-Pacific International Exposition Report of the Department of Fine Arts," 1915
3 52 "Tre Figure Scomparse,," 1915
3 53 "Le Livre Rouge des Atrocités Allemandes,," 1916
3 54 "The Captivity of the Italians in Austria,," 1918
3 55 "La Petite Illustration Théatrale,," 1919
3 56 "The Work of Anna Coleman Ladd,," 1920
3 57 "Year Book of Poems,," 1925
3 58 "Gli Amori di Greta Garbo,," 1930
3 59 "Third Reunion Bulletin of the Class of 1927,," 1931
(Vassar College)
3 60 "Le Manuscript Autographe,," 1933
3 61 Epigrammes by Paul Verlaine, 1894
3 62 Meditations in Verse by Jessie Eldridge Southwick, 1913
3 63 A Child Went Forth by Yoï Pawlowska, 1914
3 64 Sundial Mottoes by Margaret L. Corlies, 1924
3 65 Reproductions of Works of Art, 1913-1920
Oversized material housed in Box 6
3 66 Awards, circa 1890
3 67 Newsletters, 1914-1915
Box
6 Oversized Printed Material, 1920
Oversized material scanned with Box 3, F29, 40, 65
Box
OV7 Oversized World War I Posters, 1918
Oversized material scanned with Box 3, F40

Series 10: Photographs, 1881-1932
0.8 Linear feet; Box 4-6

Photographs are of Anna Coleman Ladd, her family, friends, colleagues, her summer studio at Beverly Farms, Manchester, Massachusetts, her art work, and the art work of others. There is an autographed photo of Italian poet Giosuè Carducci, who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1906. Photographs of art work include an image of Ladd's work autographed by Bela Lyon Pratt. There is also a photograph of sculptor John Ettl in his studio. Additional photographs are found in Scrapbooks and Ladd's file on her portrait masks.

This series has been partially scanned. Negatives have not been scanned.

Box Folder
4 1 Anna Coleman Ladd as a Child, 1881-circa 1890
4 2 Anna Coleman Ladd as a Young Woman, 1900-circa 1906
4 3 Anna Coleman Ladd with Artwork, circa 1909-circa 1930
4 4 Anna Coleman Ladd in Uniform and Snapshots, circa 1914-circa 1920
4 5 Anna Coleman Ladd with Friends, circa 1900-circa 1920
4 6 Dr. Maynard Ladd, circa 1900-1918
Oversized material housed in Box 6
4 7 Wedding, 1905
4 8 Ladd Family, 1897-1920
4 9-12 Friends and Colleagues, 1900-1932
4 13 Houses, circa 1905
4 14 "Arden" Summer Studio, circa 1910
4 15 Artist's Model, circa 1910
4 16 Portrait Busts of Females, circa 1920s-circa 1930s
4 17 Portrait Busts of Males, circa 1920s-circa 1930s
4 18-20 Sculpture of Female Figures, circa 1920s-circa 1930s
Oversized material housed in Box 6
4 21 Sculpture of Male Figures, circa 1920s-circa 1930s
Oversized material housed in Box 6
Box Folder
5 1-3 Sculpture of Religious Figures, circa 1920s-1930s
5 4 Sculpture of Angels, circa 1920s-1930s
5 5 Sculpture of Soldiers and Warriors, circa 1920s-1930s
5 6 Sculpture of Putti and Nymphs, circa 1920s-1930s
5 7 Sculpture of Miscellaneous Figure Groups, circa 1920s-1930s
Oversized material housed in Box 6
5 8 Sculpture for a Sundial and Birdbaths, circa 1920s-1930s
5 9 Fountain Sculpture, "Youth with the Blue Bird,," circa 1920s-1930s
5 10 Fountain Sculpture, "Triton Babies,," circa 1920s-1930s
5 11 Fountain Sculpture, "Ocean and Sail,," circa 1920s-1930s
5 12 Fountain Sculpture, "Wind and Spray,," circa 1920s-1930s
5 13 Fountain Sculpture, Unidentified, circa 1920s-1930s
5 14-15 Relief Sculpture, circa 1920s-1930s
5 16 Photographs of Miscellaneous Sculpture, circa 1920s
5 17 Art Work by Others, 1909-circa 1920
5 18 Exhibition Installations, circa 1920
5 19 Miscellaneous Buildings, circa 1920
5 20-21 Glass Plate Negatives, circa 1910
Box
6 Oversized Photographs, circa 1900-circa 1930
Oversized material housed in Box 4, F6, 20, 21 and Box 5, F7